What is a Breathing Difficulty and What are its Causes?

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It is a fact that shortness of breath or other breathing difficulties are very common. A lot of patients have difficulty breathing even when lying down, or difficulty breathing after eating. It is known as a distressing sensation when more efforts than usual are needed to breathe. People who suffer from shortness of breath also known as dyspnea often feel an intense tightening in their chest. This state is called the air hunger. At the same time, suffocation and feeling of panic are often experienced by patients as well. It should be indicated that the ongoing breathing issues like this can serve as a symptom of an underlying chronic condition, including obesity, lung, or heart disease.

People often deal with breathing difficulties, and this is the common part of their everyday life. A lot of patients indicate that they experience difficulty breathing at night, others say that they feel difficulty breathing through nose. Such issues are considered as some of the most common reasons for people to attend hospital emergency rooms. Other symptoms that are widespread among people who suffer from severe breathing difficulties include gasping, rib retractions, cyanosis, a rapid respiratory and heart rate, wheezing, and nasal flaring. Individuals can feel their feet and hands turn bluish due to lack of oxygen. Moreover, the patients with severe breathing issues sometimes use their chest and neck muscles to breathe. Likewise, shortness of breath in their situation can be closely connected with bloody sputum, dizziness, neck pain, fainting, cough, chest injury, inhalation (pleurisy), and anxiousness.

A lot of factors that cause shortness of breath are associated with chronic cardiopulmonary conditions, including heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, heart diseases, and a wide range of psychological conditions that result in panic attacks and anxiety. Moreover, sedentary lifestyle and obesity have a negative impact on the health of a person, also leading to shortness of breath.

The list of factors that can result in shortness of breath is very long. It includes deconditioning or the lack of fitness. When the blood of a human does not extract oxygen efficiently, people eventually get exhausted very fast. Another cause is obesity as this condition puts too much pressure on the lungs. A lot of overweight people experience heart rhythm problems throughout their life.  The irregular heartbeat can make the heart work worse and eventually, oxygen won’t be pumped into the body effectively.  Other common causes of shortness of breath involve sudden blood loss, low blood pressure, interstitial lung disease, and anaemia.

A lot of breathing issues connected the lung condition asthma make people visit hospital very often. Among patients suffering from asthma, various breathing difficulties come along with a dry, nonproductive cough, tightness in the chest, and wheezing. The latter is a condition when people are making a high-pitched sound as they breathe, especially when they exhale. It is also critical to add that the main symptoms of asthma can be treated with inhalers such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids. However, the most severe asthma cases should be analyzed in details and can require oral steroids.

Cough difficulty breathing is also very common among people of all ages. In case the person suddenly feels that it’s getting harder to breathe, but they don’t have any underlying conditions, they have to stay calm and try to detect the reason. Moreover, the causes that trigger acute breathing issues can help to detect the underlying factors. For instance, various types of allergies, including pollen, dander, or mould ones, can also result in shortness of breath due to the pollutants and dust in the air.

A lot of people experience difficulties in breathing when they are exerting themselves physically or when they exercise. It is better for them to slow down and gradually stop moving at all and rest. However, it is critical to remember that stopping too fast or immediately can be very harmful and can even result in deaths. That is why when people feel shortness of breath, they need to try and relax their muscles. They should do their best not to panic and find out the causes of such issues. They can be choking, or they can experience blockage of the air passages in their throat, mouth, or nose. However, if they feel that their breathing difficulties do not stop and only get worse, they need to visit the hospital or contact the doctor as soon as possible.

Also, it is critical to know the ways to avoid the factors that lead to breathing problems. First and foremost, it is essential to stop smoking. As soon as a person quits smoking, the risk of lung and heart diseases for him or her begins to decrease, even when he or she had been smoking for the whole life. Moreover, it is important to try avoiding exposure to pollutants as much as possible. It is better not to breath environmental toxins and different allergens. In addition to this, it is highly recommended to lose weight if the person is obese. It is fundamental to walk on foot more often.

People should consider having an action plan. They need to consult their doctors to understand what to do if their symptoms become worse. In other words, they have to start taking care of themselves and get the treatment if needed, especially if they have some underlying medical conditions. Overall, every time a person has shortness of breath, they need to know what to do and how to manage their symptoms.

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