Reaction: Some countries worked within their democratic structure to solve problems, others turned to strong leaders and totalitarian governments.
Effect: The Great Depression caused misery and hard times throughout the world and helped lead to the rise of Nazism in Germany.
Mussolini was able to establish fascism in Italy through it disorder w/the Black shirts and March on Rome, which helped him to form his own government as prime minister. Fascism demanded loyalty to the state above all individuals. The Nazi held most of the control over the Germans, which was led by Hitler.