WH Ch.13 EQs

What political and economic challenges did the Western world face in the 1920s and 1930s, and how did various countries react to these challenges?
Challenges: the result of WWI and the suffering from the Great Depression.
Reaction: Some countries worked within their democratic structure to solve problems, others turned to strong leaders and totalitarian governments.

Explain how scientific developments after the war contributed to a sense of uncertainty about the world. How did writers and artists express their uncertainty during this time period? Provide at least one example for each.
Scientific developments such as radioactivity, Einstein’s theory of relativity, penicillin, and psychoanalysis contributed to a sense of uncertainty. Artists expressed their uncertainty through different types of art styles such as dada, abstract and surrealism. Writers generally experimented with the stream of consciousness and exposed the disgust of war in works such as All Quiet on the Western Front.

What attempts were made by Western nations in the search for peace in the post-war era?
The Kellogg-Briand pact was sponsored by the U.S. signed by almost every nation and agreed not use war as a method of national policy. Western nations also introduced disarmament which is the reduction of armed forces and weapons.

4. What were the causes and effects of the Great Depression? To what extent did the Great Depression pave the way for dictatorial leaders and totalitarian states?
Cause: Some imbalances that helped cause the Great Depression were the fact that more goods were being produced than customers could afford to buy and also wealth in the United States was unevenly distributed.

Effect: The Great Depression caused misery and hard times throughout the world and helped lead to the rise of Nazism in Germany.

What is fascism? Compare and contrast how Mussolini and Hitler were able to establish fascist states in their respective countries. How much control did the Nazis hold over the German people? What did fascism demand of the Italian people? (choices: individuality, family support, loyalty to the state)
Fascism: any centralized authoritarian government that is not communist, whose policies glorify the state over the individual and are destructive to the basic human rights.
Mussolini was able to establish fascism in Italy through it disorder w/the Black shirts and March on Rome, which helped him to form his own government as prime minister. Fascism demanded loyalty to the state above all individuals. The Nazi held most of the control over the Germans, which was led by Hitler.

What were Stalin’s economic goals? How did he plan to achieve them?
his economic goals were to improve the economy which was sought to be a 5 year plan and to create a model communist state

What is propaganda? Why did the regimes in Italy, Russia, and German rely so heavily on propaganda? What challenges would leadership in each of these countries have faced had propaganda not been used?
Propaganda: spreading of ideas to promote a cause or to damage an opposing cause. They relied on it so the point would get across and everyone would support their nation. If they didn’t use propaganda, the point would not have gotten across and everyone would have different points of view.

Writers at the beginning of the war glorified war and were optimistic. How did most authors feel towards the end of the war?
Towards the end of the war, writers thought that war was destructive and horrific.

Did labor-saving devices (washing machines, vacuum cleaners, etc.) have much of an impact on the lives of women during this time period?
Yes, laborsaving devices lightened the burden of household chores on women. It helped and gave women the ability to work outside of their homes.

What was the biggest economic problem facing the Weimar Republic?
hyper inflation

Prohibition led to an increase of what type of crime?
led to an increase of organized crime.

What was the League of Nations response to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria?
told the Japanese to take their troops out of china, but when they didn’t, they didn’t take action.

Why did France occupy the Ruhr Valley?
Germany fell behind in their reparation payments so France occupied the coal rich Ruhr Valley.

1. Which country was punished most harshly for its involvement in World War I? Germany was most harshly punished. 2. Following the war, what new art movements emerged? Abstract, cubism, and surrealism. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

Fascism Which government system had gained attention due to being able to survive the great depression? 1929 When is the Wall Street Crash? (year) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

What was the goal of US isolationists after WW1? To stay out of European affairs what event marked the beginning of the Great Depression? The stock marked and economy collapsed WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

After World War I, how did the US economy compare to that of Germany? The US economy was stronger. To pay reparations after World War I, Germany printed more money. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression? Japan seized control of resources in other nations Italy and Japan were dissatisfied with the peace settlements provided in the Treaty of Versailles …

Life in Europe post WWI Failure of US to join the league German republic made its 1st payment in 1921 -could not pay any more reparations -France sent troops to occupy the Ruhr Vally German government adopted a policy -workers …

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