US History Unit 6

The growth of the automobile industry in the early 1900s led to what?
the growth of other industries and suburban communities

As the 1920s progressed, farm incomes:
declined

As urban workers experienced growing wealth in the 1920s, farmers:
incomes declined and debt grew

What did President Harding do to help American business?
signed bill that raised protective tariff rates

U.S. leaders in the 1920s hoped to keep the rest of the world at arm’s length to avoid what?
another war

Modernists stressed science and secular ideas rather than:
religious beliefs

The quota system of the National Origins Act did not apply to which country?
Mexico

The significant changes in manners, morals, and mindset of many women in the 1920s came to be symbolized by the:
flapper

Writers of the “Lost Generation” often had what kind of viewpoint?
pessimistic, skeptical worldview

Who advocated separation of the races?
Marcus Garvey

Why did Marcus Garvey’s movement fall apart?
He was jailed and deported to Jamaica

Why did President Coolidge not push for federal laws to make society better?
he believed the government’s job was not to create an ideal society

The Harlem Renaissance was an important cultural outpouring in which African American writers explored what?
the pains and joys of being black in America

Where did African Americans in the 1920s face the most discrimination?
the south, where there were Jim Crow Laws

The Scopes Trial of 1925 pitted which two groups?
Fundamentalists against supporters of the theory of evolution

The economic good times of the 1920s became threatened by what?
uneven distribution of wealth and growing consumer debt

The U.S. handling of the post-WWI war debt situation did what to our reputation?
hurt the international reputation

What kinds of illegal activity did organized crime engage in during Prohibition?
drugs, robbery, and murder

In 1933, Congress repealed Prohibition with the:
21st Amendment

In towns such as New York, Chicago, and Cleveland, many African Americans:
became financially successful

How did jazz spread across the country so rapidly?
phonograph records and radio introduced the music to wider audiences

How did the Federal Reserve’s tight monetary policy affect the economy?
it reduced the amount required to buy stock on margin, which increased speculation

Stock prices has risen too high because of speculation which led to what event?
1929 stock market crash

After the stock market crash, America’s banking sector:
collapsed as frightened depositors raced to withdraw money

Why did the stock market crash?
investors panicked and started to sell

The Hawley-Smoot Tariff helped spread the depression globally because:
European countries retaliated with their own protective tariffs

The Great Depression forced many Americans to live in shantytowns known as:
Hoovervilles

In the early 1930s, many farmers lost their land because they:
could not earn enough from farming to pay their mortgages

The factors that brought about the devastation of the Dust Bowl were:
drought, high winds, and farming methods

The Great Depression led to high unemployment as many companies:
instituted production cutbacks, which led to major layoffs

At first, what did President Hoover rely on to relieve the depression?
volunteerism and localism

The Bonus Army was a group of WWI veterans who were violently disbanded after they came to Washington, D.C. to:
seek early payment of the money promised to them by Congress

Why did the Bonus Army march on Washington, D.C.?
the Senate vetoed a bill providing for early payment of bonuses

Both African Americans and Mexican Americans had an especially difficult time during the Great Depression because they:
faced discrimination when competing for jobs

Why did volunteerism fail?
businesses and citizens acted in their own best interests

Why did President Hoover not provide money directly to struggling individuals during the Great Depression?
he thought federal public assistance was unconstitutional

What contributed to the spread of the Great Depression overseas?
a decline investments from the US

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation did what for deposits?
insured bank deposits up to $5000

FDR and Congress passed what to deal with the banking crisis?
Emergency Banking Bill

The Agricultural Adjustment Act raised crop prices by paying farmers to do what?
not to plant all of their land and to lull excess livestock

Huey Long’s “Share-Our-Wealth” program proposed that the wealthy do what?
pay higher taxes that would then be distributed to the poor

The Wagner Act recognized the right of employees to:
join labor unions

According to his critics, why did President Roosevelt proposed increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court?
to get more New Deal supporters on the court

FDR’s unofficial group of African American advisers was known as the:
Black Cabinet

What did the FDIC insure
Bank deposits

What brought together southern whites northern blue collar workers, poor Midwestern farmers, and African Americans to for a strong political force?
New Deal coalition

How did the New Deal affect the voting patterns of African Americans?
many shifted their votes from Republicans to Democrats

What did the gain in power of the executive branch during the New Deal lead to?
some commentators spoke of the rise in imperial presidency

The Emergency Banking Act gave President Roosevelt the authority to do what?
temporarily close banks while they their accounts in order

What provided jobs for men, replanted forests, and fought fires?
Civilian Conservation Corps

What were the main goals of the Tennessee Valley Authority?
flood control and electricity

Eleanor Roosevelt showed her deep political involvement in government when:
offered FDR advice on policy issues

How did the New Deal Programs change life in the West?
built dams to supply power and to stop flooding

How did the National Recovery Administration create its codes of fair competition?
it worked with business and labor leaders to set minimum wages and prices

How did the New Deal programs strengthen capitalism?
FDIC and SEC restored faith in banks and the stock market

Why did support for the New Deal art programs decline?
some members of Congress thought artists promoted radical values

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Causes of the Great Depression ♦Uneven distribution of wealth ♦Stock market speculation “buying on the margin” ♦Excessive use of credit ♦Overproduction on consumer goods ♦Weak farm economy ♦Government policies ♦Global economic policies Black Tuesday ♦Stock market crash (Oct. 29, 1929) …

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