US History – Chapters 22

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Which of the following increased in the 1920s?
a) Farmers’ debt
b)Prices for farm products
c)Foreign demand for U.S. farm products
d)Domestic demand for U.S. farm products
a) Farmers’ debt

Which was not a cause of the Great Depression?
a)Tariffs of foreign goods
b)The availability of easy credit
c)A growing number of homeless people
d)Growing problems in farming
c) A growing number of homless people

Which was NOT a cause of the Dust Bowl?
a)Drought
b)High winds
c)Thick layers of prairie grass
d)Overproduction of crops
c) Thick layers of prairie grass

After the stock market crash, how did president Hoover try to help the economy?
a)By closing banks
b)By lowering tariffs
c)By funding handouts of food and clothing
d)By asking businesses not to lay off employees
d) By asking businesses not to lay off employees

Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
a)WWI veterans and their families
b)Farmers forced off thier land by dust storms
c)Unemployed industrial workers and their families
d)Business and labor leaders who agree to work together
a) WWI veterans and their families

What does buying on the margin mean?
a)Purchasing stock outside the regular stock market
b)Buying the stock for someone else
c)Paying less that the market price of the stock
d)Borrowing money to help pay for the stock
d) Borrowing money to help pay for the stock

Which of the following was NOT an effect of the Great Depression?
a)Many children had a poor diet
b)Many families became homeless
c)Many men became unemployed
d)Many people started farming
d) Many people started farming

What name was given to the men who rode the rails as they searched for work?
a)Bonus Marchers
b)Speculators
c)Hoboes
d)Okies
c) Hoboes

Which of the following describes a government system for giving payments or food to the poor?
a)Rugged individualism
b)Direct relief
c)Bonus Army
d)Price support
b) Direct relief

Buying stocks on the chance of a quick profit without considering risks is known as…
a)Buying on margin
b)Speculation
c)Profit-taking
d)Living on credit
b) Speculation

In calling shantytowns “Hoovervilles,” people conveyed their…
a)Patriotism
b)Trust in Hoover
c)Disgust with Hoover
d)Grudging respect for Hoover
c) Disgust with Hoover

The aim of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act was to…
a)Encourage new construction
b)Increase the value of homes and farms
c)Make it easier for banks to foreclose on farms and homes
d)Prevent farmers and homeowners from losing their property
d) Prevent farmers and homeowners from losing their property

An example of the psychological stress caused by the Great Depression was the rise in the number of…
a)Children who were malnourished
b)People who committed suicide
c)Women who worked outside the home
d)Men who stood in bread lines
b) People who committed suicide

Herbert Hoover’s approach to the Depression economy was based on a belief in…
a)Voluntary cooperation
b)Separation of the church and state
c)The golden rule
d)Direct government relief
a) Voluntary cooperation

During the Great Depression, the overall unemployment rate was about…
a)100%
b)75%
c)25%
d)10%
c) 25%

One long range effest of the Great Depression was that many people…
a)Grew to like President Hoover
b)Became risk takers in the stock market
c)Developed habits of saving and thriftiness
d)Came to believe in small government
c)Developed habits of saving and thriftiness

The Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act led to…
a)A dramatic drop in world trade
b)Hoover’s reelection as president
c)More demand for American manufactured goods
d)An unequal distribution of income in the United States
a)A dramatic drop in world trade

All of the following were important causes of the Great Depression EXCEPT…
a)Both individuals and businesses built up large debt because of easy credit
b)Tariffs on foreign imports were lowered
c)The federal government did not insure people’s bank accounts
d)The stock market crashed
b)Tariffs on foreign imports were lowered

Causes of the farming crisis of the 1920’s included the fact that…
a)Demand for crops fell after WW1
b)Most people did not own electirc refrigerators
c)The Dust Bowl took much land out of production
d)Federal price supports of corn and wheat were not effective
a)Demand for crops fell after WW1

Which of the following reached a new high during Roosevelt’s first term as President?
a)Tariff rates
b)Employment rates
c)The National Debt
d)Per capita income
c)The National Debt

T or F:
At first, Hoover supported direct federal aid for the needy
False

T or F:
Hoover believed that one of the government’s chief functions was to foster cooperation between businesses
True

T or F:
Congress passed the Federal home Loan Act to lower mortgage rates for home owners and allow farmers to refinance their loans at lower rates
True

T or F:
The Patman Bill was intended to pump new life into the economy by providing emergency funding to small businesses
False

T or F:
Hoover’s image suffered when he ordered the removal of 2,000 hobo farmers who had built a shantytown near the capital
False

T or F:
During the Depression, charitable organizations tried to help the urban poor by opening soup kitchens
True

T or F:
The farmers who left the Dust Bowl were known as hoboes
False

T or F:
One indicator of a weak economy in the 1920’s was a decline in housing starts
True

T or F:
Mexican Americans generally did not support the New Deal
False

T or F:
The Indian Reorganization restored some reservation lands to tribal ownership
True

T or F:
Mary McLeod Bethune was appointed head of the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration
True

T or F:
The New Deal Coalition was a group dedicated to supporting the Socialist Party
False

T or F:
President Roosevelt appointed John Collier as Commissioner of Immigrant Affairs
False

T or F:
The Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO) was organized in an attempt to unionize workers across the industries
True

T or F:
Black Tuesday was the day that President Hoover forced the Bonus Army to disband
False

The …. is the name of the most widely used measure of the stock market’s health
Dow Jones Industrial Average

…. refers to paying a small percentage of a stock’s price as a down payment, and borrowing the rest
Buying on margin

…. refers to making an extremely risky business on the chance of making quick or considerable profits.
Speculation

…. reduced the flow of goods into the US and prevented other countries from earning American currency to buy American exports
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act

When people buy on …. , they agree to buy now and pay later
Credit

The …. is the period from 1924 to 1940 in which the economy plummeted and unemployment skyrocketed
Great Depression

Money to reduce production and even plow under crops was a part of the ….
Agricultural Adjustment Act

Almost three million young men to work building roads, developing parks, and helping in soil-erosion projects as part of ….
Civilian Conservation Corps

…. requires corporations to provide complete information on all stock offerings
Federal Security Act

Created under the Wagner Act, the …. continues to act as a mediator in disputes between unions and employers
National Labor Relations Board

The …. was created to provide for old age retirement benefits
Social Security Act

As the Roosevelt administration promoted the New Deal programs, the …. continued to grow
Federal Deficit

The novel, “Native Son”, written by …. , depicts the difficulties face by a young man trying to survive in a racist world
Richard Wright

One of the most popular movies of all time, …. depicts life in the South during the Civil War
Gone With the Wind

As director of “War of the Worlds”, …. caused a stir as people thought the alien invasion was real
Orson Wells

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which of the following increased in the 1920s? a) Farmers’ debt b)Prices for farm products c)Foreign demand for U.S. …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which of the following increased in the 1920s? Farmers’ debt Which was not a cause of the Great Depression? …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What were the causes of the Great Depression? -buying on credit, tariffs& war debt, unequal distribution of income, crisis …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What is a tax on foreign goods called? Tariffs Name two of the causes of the Great Depression? Speculation …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy European countries reacted to the Hawley-Smoot Tariff by passing higher protective tariffs What economic condition did economist John Maynard …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The stock market crash that led to the Great Depression occurred in the year 1931. true or false False …

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