Urinary System Chapter 15

Antiseptic
Subtance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms

Fossa
A hollow or depression, especially on the surface of the end of a bone.

Glomerular filtrate
Substances that filter out of the blood through the thin walls of the glomeruli.

Hilum
The depression, or pit, of an organ where the vessels & nerves enter.

Meatus
Tubelike passageway; tunnel through the body. (urinary meatus is external opening of the urethra)

Micturition
The act of eliminating urine from the bladder; also called vioding or urination.

Pyelitis
Inflammation of the renal pelvis.

Renal pelvis
Central collecting part of the kidney that narrows into the large upper end of the ureter. (It receives urine through the calyces and frains it unto the ureters).

Toxic
Poisonous.

Turbid
Cloudy.

Ureter
One of a pair of tubes that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder.

Urethra
Small tubular structure that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

Urine
Fluid wastes removed from the body by the kidneys. (Normal urine is clear, straw colored, and slightly acid).

Albuminuria
the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine. (Albuminuria same thing as proteinuria).

Anuria
Stopping of urine production or urinary output of less than 100ml per day.

Bacteriuria
Presence of bacteria in the urine.

Dysuria
Painful urination.

Fatigue
Temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work.

Frequency
The rate at which something occurs; how often something happens. EX. the increase in the daily valume of urinary output due to reduce bladder capacity.

Glycosuria
Presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine.

Hematuria
Abnormal presence of blood in the urine.

Ketonuria
Presence of excessive amounts of ketones in the urine.

Malaise
Vague feeling of bodily discomfort or illness.

Oliguria
Abnormally low amount of urine, in relation to the fluid intake. (scanty urine output)

Nocturia
Frequent urination at night.

Polydipsia
Excessive thirst.

Polyuria
Abnormally large amounts of urine.

Pyuria
Presence of white blood cells in the urine. (Ex. symptom of urinary tract infection)(pus in urine)

Urgency
The need to urinate immediately.

Cystitis
Inflammation of the urinary bladder..

Glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys.

Hydronephrosis
Urine backs up into the kidneys (due to an obstruction).

Polycystic kidney disease
Hereditary disorder of the kidneys. (grapelike fluid-filled sacs pr cysts replace normal kidney tissue)

Pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidneys.

Catheterization
Insertion of catheter (hollow flexible tube) into body cavity or organ to instill substance, remove fluid.

Cystometrography
An examination performed to evaluate bladder tone durring filling and voiding

Cystocopy
Visual examination of the urinary bladder with cystoscope.

Intravenous pyelogram
X-ray picture of the kidneys and ureters after injection of a radiopaque dye.

KUB
A radiographic study of structures of kidneys, Ureters, Bladder without the use of a contrast medium.

Retrograde pyelogram
X-ray record of the kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter into the ureters.

Urinalysis
The physical chemical and microscopic examination of urine and its components.

24-hr urine specimen
Urine specimen collected in 24hours in sterile cup.

Vioding cystourethrography
X-ray visualization of the bladder & urethra during voiding process, after bladder has been filled with a contrast material.

Clean-catch specime
(midstream specimen)
This collection is used to avoid contamination of the urine specimen form the microorganisms normally present on the external genitalia.

First voided specimen
The collection of first early morning specimen. (refrigerate until it can be taken to the medical office or laboratory)

Random specimen
Urine specimen collected at any time.

***Arteriole***
Smalles branch of an artery.

***Bowman’s capsule***
The cup shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus. AKA Glomerular capsule

***Cortex***
Outer layer of a body or structure.

***Cystoscope***
Instrument used to examine bladder and ureter.

***Dialysate***
Solution that contains water and electrolytes which passes through the artificial kidney to remove excess fluids and wastes from the blood. AKA Bath

***Dialysis***
Process of removing waste products from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so.

***Dwell time***
Length of time the dialysis solution stays in the peritoneal cavity during peritoneal dialysis

***Glomerulus***
Ball shaped collection of tiny coiled & intertwined capillaries, located in the cortex of the kidney.

***Medulla***
The most internal part of the organ or a structure.

***Nephrolith***
Kidney stones. AKA Renal calculus

***Peritonitis***
Inflammation of the peritoneum. (membrane lining the abdominal cavity and covering the organs)

***Residual urine***
Urine that remains in the bladder after urination.

***Cloudy***
Pus in the urine (turbid, pyruria) (indicates a urinary tract infection)

***Uremia***
Condition of urine in the blood. AKA Azetomia

***Urinary incontinence***
Inability to control urination.

EXTRA CREDIT
EXTRA CREDIT
LEFT SIDE
1. Adrenal
2. Right kidney
3. Inferior vena cova
4. Ureteral orifices
5. Urethra
RIGHT SIDE
6. Renal cortex
7. Renal medulla
8. Left renal artery
9. Left kidney
10. Abdominal aorta
11. Right & left ureters
12. Urinary bladder
13. Prostate gland
14. Urethral meatus

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