Unit 5 Comprehensive Exam

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Imperialist nations built up their military strength
_____to expand protection of their interests around the world.

Jose Marti
____led rebels in the struggle to free Cuba from Spanish rule.

Most Americans blamed Spain for the explosion of the____
U.S.S. Maine

Insurrection in the Philippines
Shortly after the U.S. victory in the Spanish American War, U.S. forces fought against an _____

Panama Canal
American support for the Panamanian rebels’ fight against Colombia helped to make construction of ______ possible.

Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Entangling Alliances
Factors that caused World War I

Archduke Francis Ferdinand’s assassination
_____triggered World War I when Serbia refused to comply with Austria-Hungary’s ultimatum.

What crystallized American opinion at the beginning of WWI?
Germany’s invasion of Belgium

Lusitania
Many Americans denounced Germany for its sinking of the ____________.

Committee on Public Information
Widespread support for the American war effort during WWI was promoted by the ____________.

Espionage Act and Sedition Act
Which acts limited freedom of speech during WWI?

No permanent peace
President Woodrow Wilson believed that if the victorious nations forced peace terms on the defeated nations after WWI there would be __________.

Fourteen Points
President Wilson’s “peace without victory” formed a key part of the_________.

How did the end of WWI affect the economic opportunities available to women and African Americans?
Spelled the end to many economic opportunities for both groups

U.S leaders in the 1920s hoped to keep the rest of the world at arm’s length in order to avoid_______
another war.

At Potsdam, harry S. Truman hoped Joseph Stalin would confirm the Soviet Union’s plan to establish ___
representative governments in Eastern Europe.

Iron curtain
In 1946, Winston Churchill used the term ______________ to refer to boundary between Western Europe and communist Eastern Europe.

Truman Doctrine
___________ set a new course for American foreign policy by promising to help nations struggling against communism.

Marshall Plan
The U.S. gave billions of dollars in aid to Western Europe as part of the ______________________.

Warsaw Pact
What organization did the Soviet Union created in response to the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization/

The Korean War
___________began when North Korean forces invaded South Korea.

With General MacArthur’s assurances about China, President Truman authorized a U.S. _____________
attack North of the 38th parallel in Korea.

Why did President fire General MacArthur?
The general’s letter attacking the president became public.

Fear of Mutual Assured Destruction kept the Soviets and Americans__________
from ever using a nuclear weapon against each other.

In it’s policy of massive retaliation, the United States warned it would ___________________
meet communist threats with overwhelming force.

Brinkmanship
John Foster Dulles believed that the war could be prevented only by _______________.

Why were Britain and France alarmed by Egypt’s nationalization of the Suez Canal?
It threatened the flow of Middle Eastern oil to Europe

In the 1990’s, tangible evidence emerged indicating that Julius Rosenberg had bee guilty______________
of passing atomic secrets/

McCarthyism
A catchword of extreme reckless charges,

Totalitarian regimes
The disastrous effects of WWI and the Great Depression led to the rise of __________ in some countries.

Weimar Republic
After WWI, the ____________ appointed Hitler chancellor of Germany.

After coming to power in Italy, Benito Mussolini ____
banned political parties, took over the press, and suppressed strikes.

After WWI, the Japanese military______
reasserted its power and began aggressive military expansion.

Appeasement
What policy did Great Britain, France, and the United States pursue against the new regimes in Germany?

German troops overwhelmed Poland in 1939 by unleashing a blitzkrieg, a new style of warfare _______
that emphasized speed and firepower.

Hitler’s plan to invade Britain depended on_________
the Luftwaffe controlling the skies above the English Channel.

During the mid-1930’s, President Roosevelt realized that most Americans ______
opposed U.S. intervention in the problems of Europe.

After WWII began, U.S. interventionists believed that Britain_____________
was fighting for free countries everywhere and needed U.S. aid.

After WWII began, U.S. isolationists believed that_____
the only way to keep America safe was to be completely neutral.

What was Congress’s purpose in padding the Lend-Lease Act?
To provide Britain with the aid it needed but could not afford

Japanese expansion
Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor because the U.s. opposed _____________________.

Bataan Death March
During the __________________, close to 10,000 American and Filipino prisoners of ward died.

What was one way the American women mobilized for the war effort?
They joined the U.S., Army, Navy, and Coast Guard auxiliaries.

Why was the Doolittle Raid important?
It bolstered American morale for the long fight ahead in the Pacific.

Battle of Coral Sea
The ________ was crucial because it renewed the confidence of the U.S.

Why did the Allies pursue a “Europe First” strategy?
They considered Germany to be their most dangerous enemy.

Battle of Stalingrad
The _____ ended any realistic plans Hitler had for dominating Europe.

Why did Allied leaders want to drive Germany out of North Africa?
Doing so would pave the way for an invasion of Italy.

The invasion of Italy was difficult for the Allies because ______
the mountains and rivers of Italy slowed their advance.

Battle of Midway
In the most important naval battle of WWII, the U.S. decisively defeated the Japanese in the ___________.

Some 100,000 Japanese Americans were evacuated from the West Coast during WWII and made to live in internment camps because ______________
some West Coast leaders questioned their loyalty.

In what way did Americans’ lives change during WWII?
Some goods were rationed to free up resources for war production.

In preparing for Operation Overlord, the Allies created a fake army to ______
convince the Germany army that the planned attack would come at Calais.

To save American lives
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bomb against Japan?

Hitler blamed Jews for all of Germany’s ills, especially ___
Germany’s defeat in WWI.

What was the goal of Hitler’s “Final Solution”?
The extermination of all Jews in areas controlled by Germany.

War Refugee Board
The _____, established by President Roosevelt, worked with the Red Cross to save Eastern European Jews.

Yalta
At Yalta, the “Big Three” agreed that Bulgaria, Poland, and Romania would be free and hold elections.

Shortly after WWII, _______________–
leading Nazis were put on trial for their actions during the war.

What did many Americans realize about the U.S. as a result of WWII?
U.S. prosperity hinged on world peace and economic development.

United States
Who was the world’s only superpower at the end of the Cold War?

The terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, led to ____
a major shift in American foreign policy

Why did Osama bin Laden form al Qaeda?
To end American involvement in the Middle East.

the Taliban
Islamic fundamentalist government of Afghanistan

Why did the United States and Great Britain invade Iraq in 2003?
They feared that Iraq was hiding weapons of mass destruction.

What was the goal of the Bay of Pigs invasion?
to overthrow Fidel Castro

In 1965, President Johnson significantly increased the number of U.S. troops in Vietnam because_____
communist forces continued to fight despite intense U.S. bombing.

What difficulties did U.S. soldiers face while fighting in Vietnam?
The Vietcong carried few supplies and often fought at night.

Martin Luther King, Jr. believed that ____
the war was hurting both poor blacks and poor whites.

In what way was the TET Offensive a strategic blow to the Americans?
The communist proved their will and ability to keep fighting.

The United States ended its involvement in the Vietnam War because ____
of the failings of Vietnamization and growing dissent in America.

The Vietnam War harmed the Great Society program because ____
paying for the war left less money for programs to end poverty.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy totalitarianism a system in which one leader rules all aspects of the lives of citizens Mein Kampf a book …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The disastrous effects of WW I and the Great Depression led to the rise of totalitarian regimes n some …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The growth of the automobile industry in the early 1900s led to the growth of other industries and of …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression? Japan seized …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The disastrous effects of World War I and the Great Depression led to the rise of totalitarian regimes in …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy How did the Great Depression eventually change German politically? Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems. …

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