Unit 3: Our Government Today: The Legislative and Executive Branches

admitting new states
Which of these is an expressed power of Congress?

creating a law ex post facto
Which of these actions is forbidden by the Constitution?

The president’s decision can be overridden by a majority of Congress.
What can happen if the president chooses to veto a law that has been passed?

Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution describes what kind of congressional powers?

It is based on the Constitution’s bicameral legislature.
Which statement about Congress is accurate?

Representation is based on population, and the US has grown steadily.
Why has the House of Representatives grown so much faster than the Senate?

They can be expelled for breaking rules.
Which statement applies to both senators and representatives?

overriding a presidential reversal or veto.
Congress checks on the power of the presidency by

It is reviewed in committee.
After a bill has been introduced, what happens next?

six years
According to the Constitution, how long is a senator’s term?

A bill can have a second chance after a veto.
Which statement about the bill process is accurate?

The bill passes in both houses.
Which of these steps is second in the bill process?

describing the powers of the legislative branch
What is the focus of Article I of the Constitution?

A group of people united to promote a cause is called a

the House.
Revenue bills can be proposed only by

to impeach a government official
Which of these is an exclusive power of the House of Representatives?

The bill is assigned to a committee, who looks into it and recommends changes.
What happens first when a bill is introduced in the House?

Speaker of the House.
The person who has the job of maintaining order in the House is the

the Speaker of the House
Who in the House has the power to lead the caucus and control the agenda?

to meet with constituents in Washington D.C. and in the district
Read the quote from a member of the House.

In order to do our job well, we spend a lot of time meeting with people who live in our states to tell them about what is happening in government and to listen to their ideas about how to improve life in our country.

—Representative Mike Honda
California District 17
San Jose, CA

To which duty of a House member does this quote most likely refer?

The Speaker is at the top, and the members are at the bottom.
What is the hierarchy in the structure of the House?

two years
How long is a representative’s term of office?

by appointing the chair and a majority of the members
How does the Speaker exert power over a committee?

Senate members represent state interests while House members represent district interests.
Which describes a difference between the duties of House members and the duties of Senate members?

committee, debate, Senate approval, House approval, presidential action
Which is the proper order of a bill becoming a law after it is introduced in the Senate?

the majority party
Which group within the Senate has the most power over legislation?

the majority party leader.
The most powerful member of the Senate is

How many senators represent each state?

using a filibuster.
A senator can delay or impede a bill by

The Senate is the stable, righteous, and reliable arm of government.
Read Vice President Aaron Burr’s quote about the Senate.

[The Senate] is a sanctuary; a citadel of law, of order, and of liberty; and it is here – it is here, in this exalted refuge; here, if anywhere, will resistance be made to the storms of political phrensy and the silent arts of corruption.

What was Burr most likely saying about the Senate?

It’s the upper chamber of Congress and has one hundred members.
Which statement correctly describes the Senate?

the joint committee
Which Senate committee is equally staffed by both parties?

six years.
A senator’s term of office is

members of Congress.
During the State of the Union address, the president is required to report to

the Senate must approve them.
A limitation on the president’s power to appoint ambassadors is that

carry out laws
What does the executive branch do?

The State of the Union address requires the president to update the

on what is going on in the country.

the president and the vice president.
Article II of the Constitution defines the roles of

making a treaty.
The president signing a trade agreement with China is an example of

The Constitution limits the executive branch to keep the president from becoming too powerful.
Which statement best explains why the Constitution limits the power of the executive branch?

the possibility of impeachment.
A general limitation on the power of the president is

granting pardons
Which is an example of a presidential power that has no clear limitation?

The Electoral College chooses the president and vice president.
Which best describes how the Electoral College affects the executive branch?

negotiate and sign treaties
What does the president do together with the State Department?

being born in the United States.
A qualification for president under Article II of the Constitution is

leading their political party.
A challenge that modern presidents face is

Theodore Roosevelt
Who helped expand the power of the presidency?

the chief of staff.
The Executive Office of the President is led by

Presidential power can extend beyond the Constitution when it is best for the nation.
Read the quote from President Theodore Roosevelt’s autobiography.

My view was that every executive officer . . . was a steward of the people. . . . I declined to adopt the view that what was imperatively necessary for the nation could not be done by the president unless he could find some specific authorization to do so.

What did President Roosevelt believe about the powers of the president?

the office of the president is important and the nation needs stronger leadership.
Over time, the power of the presidency has expanded because

signing executive orders.
The president can quickly respond to economic, social, or political needs by

Cabinet members report to the

help run the government.
The purpose of the office of the president is to

groups of advisers who help the president
Which is the most accurate description of the office of the president?

formal and informal powers
Which combination would the president most likely use to convince Congress to pass an economic stimulus bill?

the Department of Transportation.
The executive department that regulates airlines is

federal bureaucracy.
The executive branch under the president, including the cabinet, is called the

the president.
Cabinet members offer advice to

the Department of Homeland Security
Which executive department would most likely try to stop a terrorist attack?

the Senate.
To become leaders of the executive bureaucracy, cabinet members are approved by

protecting the public welfare.
A major role for executive departments is

the Central Intelligence Agency
Which executive agency would most likely investigate cases of espionage?

They lead executive departments.
Which describes cabinet members?

Independent agencies.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and NASA are both examples of

They oversee large executive departments and report to the president.
What is the function of cabinet members in the federal bureaucracy?

President Lincoln created the Secret Service to investigate and prevent the practice of counterfeiting.
Read this introduction to an informative essay about the Secret Service.

Part of the executive branch, the Secret Service was created by President Abraham Lincoln in April 1865. At the time, it belonged to the Department of Treasury and protected US currency. Since then, the role of the Secret Service has grown and changed. Now part of the US Department of Homeland Security, the Secret Service protects government leaders as well as the nation’s currency.

Which statement could be added to the introduction as the writer revises the essay?

The writer could include more details and factual support.
Read this excerpt from the body paragraphs of an informative essay.

The Secret Service guards government leaders and protects money. The agency also investigates financial crimes.

How could this excerpt be improved as the writer revises the essay?

a service provided by the FDA
Read this prompt for an informative essay.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provides a number of services to the American public. These services protect consumers from harmful food, dietary supplements, and pharmaceuticals. Choose one of the services the FDA performs to discuss in an informative essay. Do outside research and write an essay about this service and the manner in which the agency provides this service to the public.

What will be the topic of the essay?

drafting process.
This flow chart shows some of the steps to writing an informative essay.

This flow chart shows the

examples of foodborne illnesses
Read this excerpt from the body paragraphs of an informative essay.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issues a warning when a foodborne illness breaks out. The agency informs the public about foods to avoid on their website and in public statements. The FDA also tells consumers what to do if they become sick.

Which detail would provide helpful, factual support to this excerpt?

include an effective transition.
To show how a new body paragraph relates to a previous topic, a writer should

(Know Your Money; Ray)
Read this sentence from an informative essay.

After the Civil War, the amount of counterfeit money in circulation was a big problem for the government.

The sources for this fact are an article entitled “Know Your Money” from the US Secret Service website and an encyclopedia article entitled “United States Secret Service” by Michael Ray. How should the sources be listed in a parenthetical citation?

The FEMA website would be more likely to have accurate information than an outside source.
A student is writing an informative essay about the Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA). How would FEMA’s website differ from an outside source?

sums up the key points in the essay and presents a final opinion.
Read this conclusion from an informative essay.

The Secret Service provides an important service in protecting the nation’s money as well as the nation’s leading government officials. The agency was created so that valuable human and financial resources are safe.

This excerpt is an example of a strong conclusion because it

a book.
Read this citation for an informative essay.

Davis, Victoria. Joining the Secret Service. Washington, D.C.: Free Print Press, 2013.

This citation is for

higher than independent agencies.
Within the hierarchy of the federal bureaucracy, the cabinet is

The Food and Drug Administration not only informs consumers about food content, it also warns them when they are at risk from the foods they eat.
Read part of an outline for an informative essay about the Food and Drug Administration.

II. The FDA labels processed foods.
A. FDA labels identify the ingredients used to make products.
B. FDA labels explain the nutrition content of food.
C. FDA labels explain if the product might harm people who have allergies.

III. The FDA warns the public about harmful food.
A. The FDA issues a warning when a foodborne illness breaks out.
B. The FDA tells consumers which foods to avoid.
C. The FDA tells consumers what to do if they get sick.

Which statement would best connect the two sections?

The Senate can oppose its bills.
How is the lawmaking power of the House limited?

How many steps must be taken for a House bill to become law?

invoking cloture
What is the Senate’s only defense to a filibuster?

the executive branch.
A duty of the president is to head

They are more specialized.
How are independent executive agencies different from cabinet executive agencies?

a cabinet member
Who would the president most likely ask for advice about reforming labor practices?

approve international treaties.
The role of the Senate in regard to treaties is to

Regulatory agencies oversee the nation’s

reached a minimum age of twenty-five years old.
According to Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution, each state representative must have

to become president if necessary.
A responsibility of the vice president is

the needs of the nation have changed.
The role of the president has evolved over time because

propose, amend, and vote on bills and resolutions.
The lawmaking responsibility of the members of the House is to

citizens cannot be held without legal action.
Protection of habeas corpus means that

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