U.S. History 21-24

What did Jane Addams quickly learn was necessary to alleviate social problems in Chicago?
Involvement in political action

The progressives that influenced the US during the years between 1890 and 1916 were
Reformers with a broad agenda of concerns

What did the social gospel movement of the late 19th century advocate?
It called for the reform of both individuals and society

The 1909 strike at New York city’s triangle shirtwaist company demonstrated that
Women workers could create solidarity across social and ethnic lines

How did Wisconsin governor Robert la Follette unite his supporters during the first years of the 20th century?
He emphasized reform over party loyalty

According to Theodore Roosevelt the absolutely vital question facing the nation when he became president in 1901 was whether
The government had the power to control the trusts

The Hepburn act marked the first time that
A government commission was authorized to examine the records of a private business and set prices

The term muckrakers refers to progressive era journalists who were known for
Writing stories about corporate and political wrongdoing

How did president Theodore Roosevelt impact land conversion during his administration
He more than quadrupled the acreage of government reserves

To obtain the Panamanian isthmus for construction of a canal in 1903 the US
Backed an uprising in Panama arranged by New York investors

The Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe doctrine
Set up the US as the police power in the Western Hemisphere

What describes president Taft’s dollar diplomacy in the Caribbean?
Dollar diplomacy set commercial rather than strategic goals

What did Eugene Debs advocate as an alternative to the progressive programs of the republicans and democrats?
He urged men and women to liberate themselves from the barbarism of private ownership and wage slavery

What was the response to Margaret Sanger’s first efforts to launch a movement for birth control in 1915?
She was faced with the prospect of arrest for distributing obscene information

The progressive era’s Jim Crow laws in the south were designed to
Legalize and expand racial segregation in public facilities

What motivated the rebellion of Mexican farmers led by Pancho Villa in 1916-1917
The rebels believed the new American-backed government had betrayed the revolution’s promise to help the common people

The outbreak of world war 1 in 1914 was triggered by
The assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Bosnian Serb terrorist

What was the impact of Great Britain’s blockade of Germany in 1914?
Trade between the US and Great Britain increased

Why did Germany decide to resume unrestricted submarine warfare in January 1917?
Germany felt it could win the war before the US could bring its army to Europe

Which nation suffered the most casualties in world war 1?
Germany

What was the impact of the labor shortage that resulted from the mobilization of US troops in 1917?
Expanded employment opportunities for women

In his fourteen points president Wilson called for
Free trade and the right of European to self-determination

Why were the Germans outraged by the terms of the treaty of Versailles?
They had agreed to an armistice based on Wilson’s fourteen points

The US failed to ratify the treaty of Versailles and join the League of Nations because
President Wilson would not compromise on the terms of the treaty

How did the US Supreme Court rule in the case of schenck v. US?
It ruled that Charles schenck’ actions posed a clear and present danger to the nation in the time of war

President Harding’s administration was characterized by
Scandals that touched many members of his administration

President Calvin Coolidge’s economic policy included
Reductions in government regulation of business

President Harding’s most ambitious foreign policy initiative was
Establishing a balance of naval power among Britain, France, Japan and Italy

The rapid growth of radio in the US between 1922 and 1929 was funded by
Advertisers who wanted to reach prospective customers in their own homes

What did the outcome of the Sacco and Vanzetti trial suggest about the US in the 1920s?
Americans generally loathed thieves and murderers

Marcus Garvey’s universal negro improvement association urged black Americans in the 1920s to
Rediscover their African heritage and take pride in their own culture and achievements

What accounted for the reemergence of the ku klux klan in the US in 1915?
The widespread belief that blacks, immigrants, radicals, feminists, Catholics, and Jews threatened American values

What did president Hoover do to offer a solution to the human problems of the depression in 1929?
He instituted a voluntary recovery plan, protective tariffs, and some government intervention, including public works projects and small federal loans to states

How did the Great Depression affect the American family in the 1930s?
It created resentment among men who lost their jobs more often than women did

The Hoover administration responded to the world war 1 veterans who asked for the immediate payment of their pension or bonus
By ordering the US army to forcibly evict them from their camp on the edge of Washington DC

What was Franklin Roosevelt’s political experience before he won the presidential election of 1932?
He had served as president Wilson’s assistant secretary of the navy and as governor of New York

What was the federal government’s response to the 1936 crisis at the pea pickers camp in Nipomo, California?
They sent 20,000 pounds of food to the camp

To what was president Roosevelt referring when he said, the only thing we have to fear is fear itself?
The paralyzing terror caused by the depression

The emergency banking act of 1933 strengthened American banks by
Releasing federal funds to bolster the banks’ assets

What strategy did president Roosevelt use to restore America’s confidence in government and the private banking system?
He broadcast his reassuring fireside chats on the radio

Dr Francis Townsend and Huey Long both opposed the new deal, calling instead for
The redistribution of income through taxation

The social security act of 1935 provided
Unemployment insurance, old age pensions, and support for dependent mothers and children

What was the outcome of the 1934 Indian reorganization act on native Americans?
It restored Indians’ right to own land communally and have greater control over their own affairs

The framers of social security agreed to fund the program
With tax contributions from workers and their employers

President Roosevelt’s plan to remove judicial obstacles to new deal reforms in his second term of office
Was popularly known as court packing

In his book ‘the general theory of employment, interest, and money’ John Maynard Keynes argued that
Government intervention is needed in bad economic times to pump enough money into the economy to revive production and increase consumption

The goal of the new deal’s farm security administration was to
Help tenant farmers become independent landowners

Which of the following statements describes the fair labor standards act of 1938?
It set standards for wages and hours

What occurrence proved that opposition to the new deal had increased by the end of 1938?
Republicans gained 7 seats in the senate and 80 in the house in the congressional elections

Which of the following describes the overall impact of the new deal?
It prevented the US from turning toward authorization solutions to the nation’s economic crisis

how did FDRs background and artions help build confifence among the American people? he had high eductions, strong self-confidence, he thought the frederal government should help people. what action did Roosevelt take during his first hundred days in office? Push …

Franklin Delano Roosevelt US president in 1932 and pledged the New Deal to help American society Brain Trust nickname given by the press to a diverse group of men and woman whom Roosevelt sought out to help him with the …

The Great Depression and the economic crisis that ensued discredited supporters of: a) Keynesian economics. b) liberalism. c) unregulated capitalism. d) fascism. e) communism. The New Deal failed to generate: a) Hope. b) Sustained prosperity. c) Jobs. d) Social security. …

Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the US during Great Depression and World War II; created the new deals Eleanor Roosevelt FDR’s Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She …

what economic problems lurked beneath the general prosperity of the 1920s? agricultural overproduction, uneven distribution of wealth, underconsumption, and growing credit what happened on October 29, 1929? more than 16 million shares were sold as the stock market crashed. This …

Which tariff, passed in 1930, raised rates to an all-time high, further deepening the worldwide depression? Smoot-Hawley Which of the following organizations did President Hoover create in 1931 to stimulate the economy through federal loans to major businesses in 1931 …

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