Total Wellness Midterm Review

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy
A personal contract for behavior change
states your objective and gives details of your plan for behavior change

Appropriate stress management can lead to
a decreased susceptibility to diseases

A stress barrier to a behavior change plan
may require you to make stress management a higher priority

When choosing a target behavior to change, you maximize your chances of success by
starting with something simple like cutting down on unhealthy snacking

Breaking your plan into smaller steps that you can accomplish one day at a time may reduce procrastination
True

In 1900, a person was most likely to die of chronic diseases
False

Financial Wellness is
the ability to live within your means and manage your money

Self-confidence is one characteristic of a person who possesses good emotional health
True

An external locus of control reinforces motivation and commitment during a behavior change program
False

People in the contemplation stage of change are planning to take action within a month
False

Approximately 75% of all Americans exercise regularly
False

Food rewards are highly recommended for successful behavior change
False

Women are more likely to be afflicted with Alzheimer’s disease than men
True

Which of the following best describes emotional wellness
taking time to explore your thoughts

Which is an example of blaming
My workout partner did not call me to go to the fitness center

Protecting yourself from exposure to toxic substances in the workplace is an example of promoting __________ wellness
Environmental

The terms “exercise” and “physical activity” are synonymous
False

Leisure-time physical activity levels have increased slightly in recent years
False

Cardiorespiratory endurance training is the best way to increase muscle mass
False

A person with excessive body fat is less likely to experience health problems
False

The amount of exercise a person needs to perform to improve fitness is dependent on that person’s current level of fitness
True

Cardiorespiratory endurance exercise should take place in sessions or bouts of at least 20 continuous minutes in order to build fitness
False

Healthy women over the age of 40 should see a physician before beginning an exercise program
False

Swimming and jogging are examples of activities that develop cardiorespiratory endurance
True

The ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity is
cardiorespiratory endurance

Which of the following is NOT a component of health-related fitness
speed

The first step in creating a successful fitness program is to
assess your current fitness level

People who stop exercising can expect to lose up to 50% of their fitness improvement within
2 months

. Healthy body composition is best characterized by a
high proportion of muscle, bone, and water and a low proportion of fat

Heart disease is linked most closely with
low cardiorespiratory fitness

Muscular endurance is the
ability to resist fatigue and sustain a given level of muscular tension over time

If you must temporarily stop exercising regularly, which of the following factors should be maintained while the others are curtailed
intensity

Target heart rate zone is from 50% to 70% of maximum heart rate
False

Frequency is the most important factor in achieving training effects
False

Blood pressure is greater during systole than during diastole
True

The energy system that uses ATP and creatine phosphate fuels the body for long exercise sessions
False

Improved fitness allows you to exercise at higher intensities before the abrupt build-up of metabolic acids referred to as the Lactate Threshold
True

Blood flow to the skin decreases during exercise
False

Heatstroke requires emergency medical treatment
True

Through endurance exercise training, maximal oxygen consumption can be improved up to 50% in most people
False

Which of the following statements about a warm-up session is FALSE
Warm-up activities are usually of high intensity

Which of the following is NOT a component of the cardio-respiratory system
the brain

The small blood vessels that distribute blood throughout the entire body are
capillaries

Regular moderate endurance exercise
reduces the risk of dementia.

An appropriate exercise heart rate for an average individual is
75%

The two upper chambers of the heart in which blood collects before passing it to the lower chambers are called
atria

During exercise in the heat, muscle fatigue is the most direct cause of which of the following
heat cramps

Olympic caliber athletes may be able to increase their metabolic rate by
2000%

Strength training can lessen bone loss in postmenopausal women
True

For strength gains, a balanced diet is more important than taking supplements
True

Muscular strength can be assessed by measuring the maximum amount of weight a person can lift during one repetition (1 RM)
True

Recent research on men indicates greater muscular strength is associated with lower rates of death from all causes, including cancer and cardiovascular disease
True

Myofibrils are made up of groups of muscle fibers
False

Muscular strength will increase more rapidly if you rest a day between workouts than if you train every day.
True

Training with free weights is a form of variable resistance exercise
False

Plyometrics involves moving a weight as rapidly as possible
False

Strength training helps in the prevention and management of chronic disease
improving glucose metabolism

Training intensity for weight training is determined by
amount of weight lifted

Hypertrophy is defined as
an increase in muscle fiber size

To build individual muscle strength and muscle size, it is best to
use heavy resistance with few repetitions for multiple sets

A type of isotonic exercise used by athletes during training to simulate movement during sprinting or throwing is called
speed loading

When you are ready to increase resistance for an exercise in a weight training program, approximately how much weight should you add if you are currently lifting 100 pounds
5 pounds

A muscle lengthens as it contracts during a(n)
eccentric contraction

Compared to free weights, weight machines are NOT considered
better for developing explosive strength

A stretch should be held in position for a minimum of 45 seconds.
False

Stretching and warming up are synonymous
False

It is beneficial to increase muscle temperature before stretching
True

Numbness in the foot is a possible symptom of damaged intervertebral disks
True

Exercise can help prevent and manage low-back pain
True

Intervertebral disks maintain the spaces between vertebrae
True

Poor flexibility may increase risk of injuries
True

The flexibility of a joint is affected by its structure, the nature of the surrounding tissue, and muscle elasticity and length
True

The most common site of back pain is the _____ area
Lumbar

From top to bottom, the five regions of the spine are
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx.

The American College of Sports Medicine recommends performing stretching exercises at least _____ days per week
2 or 3

Joint capsules are
semielastic structures that surround major joints

An essential component of safe passive stretching is
good communication with partner.

Which of the following is NOT one of the common stretching techniques
isotonic stretching

The stretching technique most commonly associated with injury is
ballistic stretching

Good flexibility has NOT been shown to convey
improved body composition

Most of the fat in the body is stored in fat cells called adipose tissue
True

50 percent of Americans are obese
True

For people with pre-diabetes, lifestyle measures are more effective than medication for preventing the development of type 2 diabetes
True

Nearly 90% of cases of type 2 diabetes could have been prevented with healthy lifestyle choices
True

A total waist measurement over 37.5 inches is associated with an increased risk of disease for men
False

A body mass index of 28.5 is classified as normal weight
False

The Bod Pod estimates percent body fat through water displacement
False

Body fat located under the skin is called intra-abdominal fat
False

Since 1970, the daily caloric intake among Americans has risen by at least
500 Calories

Essential fat is best defined as
fat incorporated into the organs and tissues

Which of the following is NOT a recommendation for avoiding errors in bioelectrical impedance analysis
Avoid deep breathing during the measurement

Which of the following indirect methods for assessing body composition is considered MOST accurate
hydrostatic weighing

Which method of body composition assessment involves passing the body through a magnetic field
TOBEC

A person with a body mass index of 31.2 is classified as
obese

Type 2 diabetes
is best prevented by eating a healthy diet and physical activity

A person with a body mass index of 26.5 is classified as
overweight

Which one of the following blood pressure readings would be considered healthy for a young adult
110/80

The most common symptom associated with angina pectoris is
tightness in the chest

The leading cause of death in the United States is
cardiovascular disease CVD

Atherosclerosis in an artery supplying blood to the heart is called
coronary heart disease

Which of the following is true about triglycerides
They can be reduced with physical activity and weight loss

Exposure to ETS (environmental tobacco smoke) causes approximately _______ nonsmokers to die of heart diseases annually
35,000

Which of the following is TRUE about homocysteine
It may damage the lining of blood vessels

Sudden cardiac death most often occurs due to
arrhythmia

Smoking raises levels of HDL cholesterol in the blood
False

Most heart attacks begin with sudden and intense symptoms
False

LDL cholesterol is the less healthy form of cholesterol
True

Exercise is one way of controlling high blood pressure
True

Homocysteine levels in the blood can be reduced by eating more fruits and vegetables
True

People of low socioeconomic status and low educational attainment have a lower risk for CVD than people of higher socioeconomic status
False

CVD risk increases as a person’s HDL level increases
False

The effects of hostility on CVD risk are not apparent until people are over age 50
False

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The fight-or-flight reaction occurs even if a physical response to a stressor is unnecessary True Major life changes are …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which of the following statements is an example of negative self-talk? A/ “I wonder why my boss wants to …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Increasing VO2max by 10% is an example of a general fitness goal. False Stability balls add variety and challenge …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The body’s ability to respond or adapt to the demands & stress of physical effort denotes Physical Fitness All …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The majority of diabetics are classified as having Type 2 diabetes. a. true b. false a. true If a …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Homeostasis the ability for an organism to maintain internal equilibrium by changing its physiology process Anatomical position the body …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy