-The US were scared communism would spread and the us would lose trade partners
-US wanted to contain communism
-Battleground in Europe due to the “Iron Curtain”
-Vietnamese war: Democratic South vs Communist North
-Soviet war in Afghanistan: (Russia) Help the new communist regime against capitalist gorillas (us)
Differences: (Russia) Communist vs (us) Capitalist
Differences: Korean War helped the Japanese economy and where trading partners with the US (Japan)
– Demands for freedom increase. Hungary quietly reforms. Poland embraces solidarity in independent labor unions, changing the landscape of the economy. East Germany bans Soviet publication because the Soviets were becoming too capitalist, but they could still watch TV broadcasting from West Germany. This exposure caused East Germans to call for change. Czechoslovakia splits (partitioned by Germany during the war, but united after) into Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
– Less opposition to any challengers of U.S. diplomacy.
– Made U.S. a protectorate against all international aggression.
– A significant turning point of World War II, the Battle of Britain ended when Germany’s Luftwaffe failed to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force despite months of targeting Britain’s air bases, military posts and, ultimately, its civilian population. Britain’s decisive victory saved the country from a ground invasion and possible occupation by German forces while proving that air power alone could be used to win a major battle.
-Rigid Social structure
-Absolute power (monarch)
-no public confidence
-Overthrow the monarchy
-Cop d’ état
-In france, the revolution returned to a of Monarchy
-In Russia the revolution turned into a Communist state
-Freud said the subconscious mind drives much of human behavior
-Einstein challenged Newton
-Turmoil of the war effected even those who did not go
-Kellog Brained Pact: an agreement not to use war to solve problems
-The Kellogg-Briand Pact was unable to be enforced, and the League of nations failed.
-NYSE all time high and invested in risky ways
-Federal Reserve raised interests rates
-Pulled money crashing the stock exchange
-The Depression: What imbalances helped to cause the Great Depression of the 1930’s? Be sure to include how each of the following contributed either to its outbreak or spread: over production, margin buying, high tariffs, war loans. The Great Depression was caused by many great imbalances that came together at one time. Factories were manufacturing goods at a high pace during the war. When the war ended the production pace was still very high. Farmers did not earn as much after the war causing a big imbalance because the cost of the factory items increased,but no one was able to purchase these goods. Margin buying also played a huge role in contributing to the Great Depression because people had bought stocks and were afraid that the stocks would not do well. So many people withdrew their money from the stock companies, the problem was that everyone took out their money at the same time, causing the New York stock crash. the U.S. placed high tariffs on items to protect themselves from foreign countries. the problem was that other countries also raised tariff prices causing everyone to stop buying from the global market.
-FDR’s New Deal
-Shift from rural to urban settings
-Used the glory of Rome
-Used terror to support
-Led by the people (C)
-Fascism led by 1 charismatic leader, often symbol of the state (F)
-Religion is abolished (C)
-Worship the state; nationalism (F)
-Classless society (C)
-Strict class system (F)
-Have secret police
-Govt. controls human rights
-use of youth groups ex: nazi youth
-he State played the biggest role in industrialization(S)
-Both had enormous secret police organization.(S)
-The Monarchy was bound up with the Orthodox church; Stalin, despite training for the priesthood, was an atheist and hostile to the church. (D)
-The Monarchy was fabulously wealthy, as were most of the aristocracy; Stalin lived a modest life, he had no palaces, no court jeweller and no crown jewels. (D)
-Most people lived in the countryside under the Tsars’ they were urban dwellers under Stalin. (D)
-dictators promised to return to glory days of the past
-dictators banned opposition