The Great Depression & New Deal

Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Hires jobless people to build public buildings and parks.

New Deal
New Deal
program of President Franklin D. Roosevelt to end the Great Depression

Pros of Roosevelt's New Deal
Pros of Roosevelt’s New Deal
– Government has a duty to help all citizens.
– The New Deal helped the nation through the worst days of the Great Depression.
– At a time when people in other countries turned to dictators to solve problems, the New Deal saved the Nation’s democratic system.

Con of Roosevelt's New Deal
Con of Roosevelt’s New Deal
– Government should not interfere in business or in people’s private lives.
– New Deal spending led to increases in the national debt.
– The New Deal did not end the Great Depression.

FDR
FDR
Roosevelt during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. He was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms

TVA
TVA
(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
imployed millions of young men to plant trees and improve the environment during the Great Depression

The three R’s (Relief, Recovery, Reform)
Relief, Recovery, and Reform; FRD tried to address the Great Depression

Causes of the Great Depression
– Factories and farms produce more goods than people can buy.
– Banks make loans that borrowers cannot pay back.
– After the stock market crash, many businesses cannot find people who will invest in their growth.

Effects of the Great Depression
Effects of the Great Depression
– Many banks fail.
– Many businesses and factories fail.
– Millions of Americans are out of work.
– Many are homeless and hungry.
– Families break up and people suffer

National Recovery Administration [NRA]
National Recovery Administration [NRA]
government agency set up during the Great Depression to enforce new codes designed to stabilize industry

deficit spending
deficit spending
1. spending more money than it collects in taxes (this results in government debt)

Social Security Act
Social Security Act
1. gives money to retirees, the unemployed, people with disabilities, and families with dependent children

Laissez Faire Policy
Laissez Faire Policy
Hands off. No government intervention in business. Free market/free trade

Hoover during the Great Depression
Hoover during the Great Depression
believed in volunteer efforts by business and little government intervention, neither helped the Depression.

FDR during the depression
FDR during the depression
created the new deal and systems that helped boost the economy and expand the government.

changes in government during the Great Depression and New Deal era
changes in government during the Great Depression and New Deal era
Federal government was greatly expanded during the Depression, making great efforts to help the local governments and its citizens throughout the new deals, social security, fdic, etc.

How depression ended
How depression ended
WW2 started-European countries needed jeeps and other goods and economy increased and men went to war after Pearl Harbor which created jobs.

Emergency Banking Relief Act
Within one month, the government would make 100 banks go back in business

Fireside Chats
Fireside Chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Limited fraud in the stock market

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Gave insurance to banks

Relief
Relief
Fix unemployment and poverty

Recovery
Recovery
Bring back faith in the banks and economy

Reform
Fix the problems that caused the Great Depression

Bank Holidays
Bank Holidays
Closing banks to stop people from taking money out

Bank runs
Bank runs
People were running to banks to take their money out before the bank collapsed

What was important about FDR's 1st 100 days in office?
What was important about FDR’s 1st 100 days in office?
15 new laws were made to fix many problems, every president since has been compared to him

What were the 2nd 100 days?
Gave Americans security

Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Paid farmers to not produce so much food, that way the prices would rise

Federal Emergency Relief Association (FERA)
Federal Emergency Relief Association (FERA)
Gave money to states and towns to help with the Great Depression

Public Works Administration (PWA)
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Helped construction workers get jobs doing public projects (highways, bridges, sewers)

Civil Works Administration (CWA)
Civil Works Administration (CWA)
Men and women paid by federal government to do public projects

The Court Packing Plan
The Court Packing Plan
Roosevelt’s new bill stated that 1. He gets to appoint a new judge of his choosing for every judge that had reached the age of 70 and didn’t retire 2. The bill would allow FDR to add 6 new judges, all liberal, who would support him

The Roosevelt Recession
FDR’s court plan was not approved by congress and he lost popularity, the supreme court did lighten up on the New Deal plan

Efforts of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
Efforts of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
fought for social reform for women and African Americans

The Dust Bowl
The Dust Bowl
Great Plains struck by a massive draught, top soil blown away and wheat became unable to grow, unable to farm, many head west to work elsewhere

Works Progress Administration (WPA) Hires jobless people to build public buildings and parks. New Deal program of President Franklin D. Roosevelt to end the Great Depression WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR …

Works Progress Administration (WPA) Hires jobless people to build public buildings and parks. New Deal program of President Franklin D. Roosevelt to end the Great Depression WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR …

Causes of the Great Depression ♦Uneven distribution of wealth ♦Stock market speculation “buying on the margin” ♦Excessive use of credit ♦Overproduction on consumer goods ♦Weak farm economy ♦Government policies ♦Global economic policies Black Tuesday ♦Stock market crash (Oct. 29, 1929) …

New Deal The _____ was Roosevelt’s plan for getting out of the Depression (relief, recovery, and reform). lame-duck time period between FDR’s election in November and his inauguration in March WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Roaring Economy to Great Depression It made the economy weaker. What effect did the use of credit have on the economy in the 1920s? WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

Election of 1928 Al Smith – Dem Herbert Hoover – Rep Hoover victorious because he was Rep (2 previous Pres. were Rep) Maintain prosperity Farming Crisis Over production Shows hard times on horizon WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy