the great depression chapter 20

great drepression
Worst __ in American history. It was spurred by the stock market crash of 1929 and lasted until WW II

Herbert Hoover
…, (1929-1933) The New York Stock Market Crashes October 29, 1929 “Black Tuesday”. The 20th Amendment is passed and added and the 21st Amendment is passed by 1933.

franklin d rooselvelt
U.S. President that proposes the New Deal. Famous saying, “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself,” and asked Congress to declare war on Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Only president to serve 4 terms.

john steinback
wrote The Grapes of Wrath depicting the depression through a family’s journey west from Oklahoma.

dorothea lange
A famous photographer who wanted to be one at a young age, and, when the Depression started, landed a job to photograph the Dust Bowl, which have been recognized as showing the desperation and bravery during this time. She didn’t stop documenting the suffering of people until her 1965 death, but her 1930s pictures are the most well-known.

dust bowl
…, Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.

new deal
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.

hoovervilles
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress

fireside chats
During the depression years of the 1930s, President Roosevelt used the radio to communicate with the American people, using plain language to explain complex issues and programs. These had a reassuring and steadying effect on the public and boosted confidence.

eleanor roosevelt
FDR’s Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women

relif recovery reform
3 parts of new deal

national recovery adm.
– Child labor was forbidden, and Section 7A of the NIRA guaranteed labor unions the right to organize and bargain collectively.

banking crisis
When individuals and companies lose confidence in the banking system and withdraw their deposits in what is called a ‘run on banks.’

Agric Adjustment Acts

Civilian conservation Corps+
1933 youth went to countryside to build roads and cabins which helped the older ppl get more jobs in the industry since the youth were out the city

Federal Reserve
1913 – central banking system of the US – created by the Federal Reserve Act – quasi public system

Gold Standard
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold

Flat Money
money that has value because the government has ordered that it is an acceptable means to pay debts

Twenty-Secound Amendment
limited the president to two four year terms

Schechter Poultry v. U.S
1) Supreme Court struck down National Recovery Administration after violation of poultry code 2) legistlation could not push powers to the executive branch, which had been happening through the New Deal; 3) fear that Court might strike down entire New Deal

Great Depression the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s. Stock Market Crash Spark of the Great …

Roaring Economy to Great Depression It made the economy weaker. What effect did the use of credit have on the economy in the 1920s? WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

Herbert Hoover President when the stock market crashed in 1929 Black Tuesday October 29, 1929, the day stock prices crashed WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Great …

Causes of the Great Depression – Factories and farms produce more goods than people can buy. – Banks make loans that borrowers cannot pay back. – After the stock market crash, many businesses cannot find people who will invest in …

McNary-Haugen Bill a bill passed by Congress that called for federal price-supports for key products such as wheat and corn in which the government would buy surplus crops at guaranteed prices and sell them on the world market. However, this …

Causes of the Great Depression – Factories and farms produce more goods than people can buy. – Banks make loans that borrowers cannot pay back. – After the stock market crash, many businesses cannot find people who will invest in …

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