OCD compulsions as stated before are repetitive behaviors, which a person feels compelled to undertake. The repetitive behaviors are carried out with the intention of lessening or preventing anxiety or the distress that is related to the obsession that the person is feeling. For example, supposing a person believes that he/she knocked down someone, he/she would return to the supposed scene many times to just remove the doubts that he/she will be having.
A person may as well come up with rules or habits to adhere to which assist in managing the anxiety that the person feels when suffering from obsessive thoughts. Just like OCD obsessions, the compulsions also have themes like: • Counting • Washing and cleaning • Demanding for reassurance • Orderliness • Doing the same activity repeatedly (Mentalhealth, 2009) OCD symptoms entailing compulsions could comprise of: • Washing the hands until the skins turns raw • Counter checking doors to ensure that they are securely locked
• Checking the cooking stove repeatedly to ensure that it is turned off • Counting using particular patterns • Ensuring that all your canned products face in a similar direction When to visit a doctor As O’Dwyer (2000) explains, there is a great difference of being a perfectionist and suffering from OCD. Maybe you maintain your floors so clean that you can even eat off these floors, you prefer your bags arranged in a certain way, this does not essentially imply that you are suffering from OCD. OCD could be very serious as well as time consuming that it basically turns to be disabling.
A person may end up having nothing else to do apart from spending time on his/her obsessions and compulsions. For example, a person may wash his/her hand for many hours every day. When suffering from OCD, a person may end up having poor quality of life because the disorder controls most time of the person. The person could be extremely distressed by feel unable to stop his/her urges. A lot of adults can realize that obsessions and compulsions they have are illogical, however children suffering from OCD may not be able to understand their problem.
O’Dwyer (2000) advices that, supposing a person’s obsessions and compulsions are negatively affecting his/her life, then its time for him/her to visit a doctor or a psychiatrist he adds that, it is normally for a person suffering from OCD to feel ashamed as well as embarrassed of his/her condition. However, even is the person’s habits are strongly established, treatment could assist. Causes What precisely cause OCD is not entirely understood, whoever main concepts include: Biological
Some evidence indicates that OCD could be due to changes occurring in a person’s body, particularly concerning natural chemistry of the brain functions (Mentalhealth, 2009). A lot of scientists think that there is some kind of abnormality in the neurotransmitter serotonin that possible results in psychological or biological malfunctions that eventually result in OCD. Some evidence indicates that OCD might be cause by genetic aspect; for example, in a recent study sponsored National Institute of Health, established that probable genetic mutation could assist in causing OCD.
In particular it has been established that mutations in human serotonin transporter gene (Hsert ) could be assist in causing OCD. However, some scientist still disagrees on these findings. Environment Other researchers think that OCD is cause from behavior-related practices that a person learns over time. Inadequate serotonin Inadequate amount of serotonin, which is one of chemical messengers found in the brain, is though to contribute to OCD. A number of studies that contrast pictures of the brain of those individuals suffering from OCD and those individuals who are not suffering from OCD reveal some variations in brain activity operations.
More so, a person suffering from OCD who uses medications that improves the activity of serotonin normally have less OCD symptoms. Strep throat Other studies indicate that a number of children suffer OCD after suffering from an infection strep throat (a beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis). Nonetheless, these studies have remained to be controversial and further evidence is required before anyone can blame strep throat for OCD. Risk factors Factors that could increase the risk of a person developing or setting off OCD include the following: Family history
Freeston and Ladouceur (2003) assert that, coming from parents or any other close family members who have OCD could increase the risk of a person developing OCD. Nonetheless, studies have not been able to identify any specific gene that is responsible for causing OCD. Stressful life occurrences According to Freeston and Ladouceur (2003), supposing a person seems to react greatly to stress, such a person could increase his/her risk of developing OCD. Such a reason could, for some unknown reasons prompt the disturbing thoughts, habits and emotional distress, which are distinguishing features of OCD.
Pregnancy A number of studies indicate that pregnant mothers as well as new mothers are at high risk. However, there is no clear reason to explain this phenomenon. In these incidents, OCD symptoms mainly center on bad thought of injuring the small baby (Freeston and Ladouceur, 2003). Complications There are a number of complications that can result from OCD, among these are: • Suicidal thoughts and conduct • Alcohol or drug abuse • Other anxiety conditions • Depression • Eating disorder • General poor health and lifestyle