Surface Anatomy Anterior & Posterior Body Landmarks

Anatomical Position
The human body is erect, with feet slightly apart, head and toes pointed forward, and arms hanging at the side with palms facing forward.

Axial
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body

Appendicular
Relating to the limbs and their attachments to the axis

Abdominal
Pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

Acromial
Pertaining to the point of the shoulder

Antebrachial
Pertaining to the forearm

Antecubital
Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

Axillary
Pertaining to the armpit

Brachial
Pertaining to the arm

Buccal
Pertaining to the cheek

Carpal
Pertaining to the wrist

Cephalic
Pertaining to the head

Cervical
Pertaining to the neck region

Coxal
Pertaining to the hip

Crural
Pertaining to the leg

Digital
Pertaining to the fingers or toes

Femoral
Pertaining to the thigh

Fibular or Peroneal
Pertaining to the side of the leg

Frontal
Pertaining to the forehead

Hallux
Pertaining to the great toe

Inguinal
Pertaining to the groin

Mammary
Pertaining to the breast

Manus
Pertaining to the hand

Mental
Pertaining to the chin

Nasal
Pertaining to the nose

Oral
Pertaining to the mouth

Orbital
Pertaining to the bony eye socket (orbit)

Palmar
Pertaining to the palm of the hand

Patellar
Pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region

Pedal
Pertaining to the foot

Pelvic
Pertaining to the pelvis region

Pollex
Pertaining to the thumb

Pubic
Pertaining to the genital region

Sternal
Pertaining to the region of the breastbone

Tarsal
Pertaining to the ankle

Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest

Umbilical
Pertaining to the naval

Acromial
Pertaining to the point of the shoulder

Brachial
Pertaining to the arm

Calcaneal
Pertaining to the heel of the foot

Cephalic
Pertaining to the head

Dorsum
Pertaining to the back

Femoral
Pertaining to the thigh

Gluteal
Pertaining to the buttocks or the rump

Lumbar
Pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin

Manus
Pertaining to the hand

Occipital
Pertaining to the posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull

Olecranal
Pertaining to the posterior aspect of the elbow

Otic
Pertaining to the ear

Pedal
Pertaining to the foot

Perineal
Pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia

Plantar
Pertaining to the sole of the foot

Popliteal
Pertaining to the back of the knee

Sacral
Pertaining to the region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)

Scapular
Pertaining to the scapula or shoulder blade area

Sural
Pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg

Vertebral
Pertaining to the area of the spinal column

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