stem anatomy

Apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds of shoots that supplies cells for the plant to grow in length.

bud scale
protective outer coverings on a bud. they protect the growth tissue(cells) in the buds meristematic tissue. These help to waterproof and insulate.

bud scale scar
a scar located where a terminal, or end, bud has been the previous year

bulb
specialized stem made of a short flat stem many fleshy leaves attache

cambium
A layer of cells in a plant that produces new phloem and xylem cells.

corm

internode
A segment of a plant stem between the points where leaves are attached.

lateral bud
meristematic area on the side of a stem that gives rise to side branches

leaf scar
a scar on a stem where a leaf has been attached in a previous year

lenticel
Small raised areas in the bark of stems and roots that enable gas exchange between living cells and the outside air.

node
A point along the stem of a plant at which leaves are attached.

pholem
type of vascular tissue that carries nutrients and food from place to place inside the cell

rhizome
a horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below serving as a reproductive structure

stolon
stem that is lying horizontally above the soil

terminal bud
Embryonic tissue at the tip of a shoot, made up of developing leaves and a compact series of nodes and internodes.

tuber
specialized stem with a tip that is swollen with stored food

xylem
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved minerals from the roots of a plant to its leaves

scape
bulb shaped specialized stem that is made of a solid stem with no leaves

heartwood
Older xylem near the center of a woody stem that no longer conducts water

translocation
mark on the outside of a stem that allows gas to be exchanged

Function of Leaves primary photosynthetic organ Function of Stems Provide support for the plant, site for material distribution. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Function of Roots …

Monocot Angiosperm whose seeds have one cotyledon. Flower parts in multiples of threes. Parallel veins on leaves. Vascular bundles throughout stem. Root xylem and phloem in a ring. Fibrous root system. Dicot Angiosperm whose seeds have two cotyledons. Flower parts …

Cuticle A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts as an adaptation to prevent desiccation in terrestrial plants. Parenchyma A type of ground tissue in plants composed of thin-walled living cells that function in photosynthesis and …

Terminal Bud Embryonic tissue at the tip of a shoot, made up of developing leaves and a compact series of nodes and internodes Lateral Bud meristematic area on the side of a stem that gives rise to side branches WE …

Simple Tissue Composed of only one cell type Complex Tissue Has two or more cell types present WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Dermal Tissue System Outer …

Morphology Study of the physical form and external structure. Anatomy Study of the structures. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Angiosperm Plants that produce flowers/fruits that facilitate …

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