Sociology of Health

Sociology of health examines the interaction between society and health. It targets to identify the ways social life has an impact of morbidity and mortality rates (Timmermans, Stefan & Steven Haas 2008). The term health is complex and difficult to define, as it varies between individuals. What individuals define as health is influenced by a number of factors such as; age, culture, gender and social class (Porter, 1999).

The World Health Organization has defined health as “A complete state of physical, mental and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence if disease of infirmity. ” The sociology of health is fundamental to the nursing practice as it allows nurses as care givers to the ill, to have a better understanding, knowledge and respect for patients and their individuality. This informative piece intends to gain you a better understanding of what sociology of nursing is and how it is applicable to the nursing practice.

The sociology of health focuses on health and illness in relation to the surroundings of an individual such as, location (rural and remote or metropolitan), family, indigenous and non indigenous, environment, employment, cultural context and beliefs. The sociology of health is not so concerned about health professional and patient relationship and unlike the biomedical model of health pays very little attention to the diagnosis, treatment and cure of illness and disease.

Instead it targets the causes of disease and illness in society such as what it is about a group in society that could be putting it more at risk to a particular disease. Health promotion and prevention of the disease or illness are the key aspects of the sociology of health. For example a major disease found in a population, the disease is examined and compared based on culture, traditional medicine and economics specific to each region. HIV/AIDS is present in many regions but it is only problematic in certain areas and in some areas it has only affected a small percentage of the populations.

Sociological factors can be used to identify reasons as to why these differences occur (World Health Organization 2007). Medicine is still required but the sociology of health relies more on self help and community activity. The sociology of health is often the preferred method for mental health issues because it takes considers an individual’s social state such as; an individual’s position in their community, poverty and housing. Nursing is a profession which focuses on assisting individuals, families and communities in maintaining and recovering optimal health.

Nursing practice without sociology is akin to sexual congress without orgasm – possible to enact, but highly unsatisfactory. It is the equivalent of entering a strange country without a map to explain the contours and pitfalls of the land. The …

Exposure to noise from recreational items has been a source of great concern for health experts for years now. Sources which can induce hearing loss can include anything from toys to vehicles to personal music players.

“If the technology became available for the deaf to hear completely, would you want your deaf child to have this technology? ” It is every parent’s dream for their child to grow up healthy and happy. There are so many …

? The new and improved health care system in America seems to fall short for many people. The Affordable Care Act made history after President Obama signed it into law on March 23, 2010. This bill is going to create …

Introduction The American Heritage Medical dictionary (Website one, 2007) defines community psychology (CP) as “the application of psychology to community programs for the prevention of mental health disorders and the promotion of mental health. ” Public health (PH) on the …

All change, individual or collective, stems from discontent or dissatisfaction with the status quo. The same is true of mainstream Psychology. The 1940’s through to the mid 1960’s gave rise to Community Health Psychology and The Public Health Psychology. Both …

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