Sociology Ch. 11

behavior and psychological traits considered appropriate for men and women/may vary from society to society

Gender Roles
specific behaviors and attitude that a society establishes for men and women/”Gender roles are socially created and arise from the division of labor.”

Gender Identity
awareness of being masculine or feminine

men dominant over women

belief one sex is superior to the other

Women’s Movement
social movement that supported ideas that sexes are socially, politically, and economically equal

Right to vote–19th amendment

Wage Gap
level of women’s income relative to that of men

Glass Ceiling
invisible barrier that prevents women from gaining upper-level positions in business

Second Shift
phenomena of individuals having to complete household duties after working away from home

belief one age category is by nature superior to another age category

Graying of America
phenomenon of the growing percentage of elderly Americans as part of the total U.S. population

Baby Boom Generation
collective term for approximately 76 million children born in U.S. from 1946-1964

Dependency Rate
number of workers for each person receiving social security benefits

gvmt. sponsored insurance plan for elderly or disabled person

state and federal funded health insurance program for people with little or no money.

Managed Care
Use of health insurance plans to help control health and care cost

Alternative Medicine
treating illness with unconventional methods such as acupuncture, massage, meditation, yoga, herbal remedies, and relaxation techniques

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
fatal disease caused by a virus that attacks an individual’s immune system, leaving the person vulnerable to a host of deadly infection/spreading faster among heterosexuals than among any other group

Feminine Mystique
By Betty Friedan

Seneca Falls Convention
Women’s right convention

Equal Rights Movement (ERA)
Failed legislation that proposed equality for the sexes because it needed 38 states to ratify it.

Ernestine Fried
Person who researched the distribution of power b/t the sexes in preindustrial societies

group of elderly people most likely to be in poor health, experiencing the fastest growth in population

Bill Clinton
Person who called for a complete overhaul of the American health-care system

Defensive Medicine
term for diagnostic medical tests given simply as a precaution against lawsuits

Americans with Disabilities Act
legislation designed to provide equal rights for people with disabilities

Hospital Care
Most important factor accounting for rising medical cost

36 or 44 million
Americans living without health insurance

United States
Government owns and operates that nation’s health care system

Item distributed by men in hunting and gathering societies to establish a system of mutual obligations

Black women
group of elderly most likely to live in poverty

hunting and gathering society with the greatest inequality between the sexes

General Practice
field of medicine that does not have a surplus of doctors

Hunting and Gathering Societies
most egalitarian of all societies

Arapesh Society
society in which Mead found both men and women to be passive and emotionally warm

Tcahmbuli Society
hunting and gathering society with the greatest inequality between the sexes

American Associated of Retired Persons
largest special-interest group in the U.S.

in almost all societies, gender socialization begins with

American Medical Association
group that traditionally has lobbied against national health-care legislation

cardiology, psychiatry, obstetrics

Medicaid is to people with little or no money as Medicare is to
the elderly and disabled

gender behavioral and psychological traits considered appropriate for males and females. Traits that are socially created and may vary from society to society gender roles specific behaviors and attitudes a society establishes for men and women (sociologists – they are …

In 1986, the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) was passed, making it: a requirement to treat even the uninsured at emergency rooms. Married people tend to live longer than unmarried people. It could be that they take …

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New Immigration -90% of recent immigrants are from non-European countries. -About 1 million immigrants enter the U.S. legally each year. -12.5% of the population is foreign-born. (1 out of 8 people) -almost one in three americans are non-white, compared to …

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