Shingles

Description
Shingles is the painful inflammation of the nerve ganglia. The eruption of the skin forms a girdle around the middle of the body. The disease is also the same virus that causes the chicken pox.

Statistics and Facts
1. 1 in 3 people will get shingles in their lifetime.
2. As you get older the risk of shingles increases greatly.
3. The rash that forms on the body isn’t always the first sign of shingles.
4. Also, this rash can last up to 30 days.
5. Shingles isn’t contagious but if someone has contact with someone who has shingles they can transmit Chicken Pox.
6. The severity of Shingles varies from person just like the chicken pox.

Symptoms
-Headache
-Sensitivity to light
-Flu-like symptoms (no fever) but stomach ache or chills
-Diarrhea when the rash starts forming
-Swelling and tenderness of the lymph nodes may occur

Diagnosis
First, your doctor may look at your skin and ask about your medical history. Next, the doctor might take a skin sample to see if the skin is effected and is Shingles. Finally, blood tests will show an increase in white blood cells and if the virus was the same as the Chicken Pox virus. That’s how you know it’s Shingles!

Complications
1. Bacterial infections
2. Long-term pain
3. Permanent scarring
4. Vision impairment
5. Ramsay Hunt Syndrome
– Can cause hearing and balance
problems
6. Another attack

Treatment
1. Antiviral medicines
– Help shorten length and severity
– Must be started as soon as possible
2. Pain medicine may help relieve pain.
3. Wet compresses, calamine lotion, and oatmeal baths may relive itching.

Cause
Shinges is cause by the Varicella zoster virus, or VZV. This is the same virus that causes chickenpox. if you had chickenpox in the past, the VZV is inside you. for reasons that are not fully known, the virus can reactivate years later and cause shingles.

Prognosis
1. Lasts for 7-10 days
2. Most recover without complications within 2-4 weeks.
3. Scarring of the skin sometimes occurs.
4. Recurrent attacks can occur.
5. The elderly may have a more difficult and prolonged time.
6. People under 30 experience little to no persistent pain.

Prevention
The only way to reduce the risk of developing shingles is to get vaccinated.

etiology (Chickenpox and Shingles) Varicella-zoster virus (causes chicken pox)- enveloped dsDNA virus (HHV3) Shingles is local. transmission (Chickenpox and Shingles) Transmitted by the respiratory route, ~2 wks incubation, highly contagious WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Dermatomes area of skin in which sensory nerves derive from a single spinal nerve root Shingles Painful blistering skin rash, caused by same virus as chicken pox, dormant and lives in Nervous System, affects where virus is residing, not contagious …

Chicken pox is caused by the ___ virus. varicella-zoster Varicella zoster is a member of the ___ family. herpes WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample The chicken …

Layers of Skin infected epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous, adipose Types of Skin Infections dermatitis & folliculitis WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Types of Lesions from Skin Infections …

Caused by varicella-zoster (same as chicken pox) Characteristics Linear vesicular lesions that do not cross the midline. Pain is described as burning, throbbing, or stabbing…some pts have intense itch WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

pathogen human herpesvirus 3 (varicella-zoster virus) -icosahedral, enveloped, DNA virus related to herpes simplex virus and Epstein-Barr virus latent virus in the nerve cells – does not cross the midline, follows a nerve path pathogenesis – 1st wave infection begins …

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