The composition of this paper will concentrate on the topic about Self-Care Deficit Theoru. Hence, this essay would focus in studying the theory Self-Care Deficit and its significance in the actual nursing practice. In addition to this, the paper would work in providing a clear and definite information about the Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory. Moreover, the composition of this paper is set to render comprehensive details on how such Self Care Deficit Theory by Dorothea Orem would work accordingly in the field and actual practice of nursing.
Nonetheless, the completion of this entails the purpose on determining the primary importance and applications of Self Care Deficit Theory by Dorothea Orem in the nursing profession. The following will be disscused:
- A Brief Background: Dorothea Orem – Self Care Deficit Theory
- Theorist’s Definition of Nursing
- The Main Concepts of the Self Care Deficit Theory
- Primary Application to Patients
- Importance and Application of Self Care Deficit Theory in Nursing Profession ? How this theory is useful to nursing
How this theory can be incorporated in a curriculum ? How the theory is useful to nursing research 6. Pros and Cons of the Theory At the end of the paper, it would intend to determine as to how such Self Care Deficit Theory by Dorothea Orem would help and work in the field of nursing. A Brief Background: Dorothea Orem – Self Care Deficit Theory As of the present time, the Dorothea Orem’s “Self-Care Deficit Theory”, a general theory of nursing, is perceived to be one of the most broadly utilized model of theories in the field or profession of nursing.
As such, Dorothea Orem’s model of Self Care Deficit Theory concentrates specifically on the ability and responsibility of each individual to take part on their personal need of care that is better known as “self-care” (“Dorothea Orem 1914,” n. d. ). Hence, she characterized this as the actual practice of individual activities that initiate and perform on person’s own behalf in maintaining well-being, health and life (“Dorothea Orem 1914,” n. d. ).
It is perceived that the basic premise of the Dorothea Orem ‘s model of theory is about the person or individual’s capability to take part on the responsibility in maintaining their own health and the health of others (“Dorothea Orem 1914,” n. d. ). As such, according to her, every person or individual entails the needed capacity or skills to take care of themselves and for their dependents (“Dorothea Orem 1914,” n. d. ). Moreover, the origin of the model and the original ideas of Dorothea Orem have developed from the time when she works as one of the nurse consultants in the Indiana State Board of Health, way back in the year 1957.
In addition to this, the notions of Orem’s theory were based on her formal observation or investigation while rendering her service as a consultant and with her educational travels around the state. As such, all of the ideas of Orem in her Self Care Deficit Theory were strategically based on her reflection in nursing practices. Dorothea Elizabeth Orem is born in Baltimore, Maryland in the year 1914. During her prime she served and proven to be a reputable as well as reliable nursing theorist (“Dorothea Orem,” n. d. ).
In addition to this, she is also the founder of the Orem model of nursing that is better known as the “Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory” (“Dorothea Orem,” n. d. ). In the most simple way, this Self Care Deficit Theory of Dorothea Orem renders the rationale that the nurses are expected and have to provide the appropriate care to the patients when the these people are no longer capable to attend on their self-care needs (“Dorothea Orem,” n. d. ).
As such, her theory is all about “self-care,” which centers to the notion and capability of the patients to recover from their medical conditions without or with just a minimal supervision of a nurse (“Dorothea Orem,” n. d. ). Dorothea Orem died in the year 2007 on the 22th day of June at the age of 92. However, her legacy in the field of nursing would always be as valuable as her (“Dorothea Orem,” n. d. ). With this regard, Dorothes Orem will remain to be of a reputable nursing theorists who has improved and Theorist’s Definition of Nursing Nursing is commonly characterized as a medical profession that entails independent and cooperative care for individuals and to families, ages, communities, groups and to sick (“Nursing practice,” n. d. ).
In addition to this, nursing is defined to be the profession that provides services such as the prevention of illness, promotion of health, the formal care to sick, dying people and disabled (“Nursing practice,” n. d. ). Certainly, nursing plays a big role in shaping health policy, health and patient management system, nursing research and in the promotion of a safe environment (“Nursing practice,” n. d. ).
On the other hand, in the work and Self-Care Deficit Theory made by Dorothea Orem, her search for distinct meaning of nursing served to be her primary methodology by utilizing most of her own reflections and questions (“Dorothea Orem – Nursing Theory,” n. d. ). As such, Orem has started with her works by drawing her goal in determining the uniqueness of Nursing, which entails questions such as what is nursing, what are the boundaries of nursing as a field of practice and what condition exists when judgments are made that people need nursing (Hartweg, 1991).
In a sense, these list of questions have been very well essential in her search for profound definition of nursing (“Dorothea Orem – Nursing Theory,” n. d. ). With this regard, she defined nursing as: ? The actual rendering of of self-care, which is therapeutic and helpful in maintaining health, life, in recovering from disease or any injury and coping with their effects (“Dorothea Orem – Nursing Theory,” n. d. ).
The actual service to people or patients that does not entail formal knowledge about medicine (“Dorothea Orem – Nursing Theory,” n. d. ). ? The profession that promotes the goal of patient self-care (“Dorothea Orem – Nursing Theory,” n. d. ). In a addition to this, Dorothea Orem also defined nursing as the art in which the nursing practitioners render their service to give specialized assistance to individuals or patients with disabilities (“Dorothea Orem’s – Self-Care Deficit Theory,” n. d. ).
Hence, this aid is essential to achieve daily self care need of the patients and to accordingly participate in the medical care the patients are receiving from the physician (“Dorothea Orem’s – Self-Care Deficit Theory,” n. d. ). Likewise, nursing is consist of the appropriate actions that are specifically designed and performed by the nurses in able to help individuals or groups with their medical care to maintain and or alter their conditions among their selves as well as in their environment (“Dorothea Orem’s – Self-Care Deficit Theory,” n.
d. ). When it comes to nursing, Dorothea Orem utilizes her terminologies that are nursing and nursing agency (“Dorothea Orem’s – Self-Care Deficit Theory,” n. d. ) . The Main Concepts of the Self Care Deficit Theory The Self Care Deficit Theory of Dorothea Orem is considered to be the focal point of her Grand Theory of Nursing. This clearly explains the importance and the appropriate time when nursing is really needed. As such, this as well identify and explicate as to how the people or patients could be assisted by means of nursing.
Hence, the focal point or the central notion of the Self-Care Deficit Theory that is drawn by Dorothea Orem tells about that each and every individual could possibly benefit from nursing (“Overview of Nurse Theorist,” n. d. ). This is due to the fact that these people are lacking of appropriate health knowledge, which possibly render them the incapabilities to maintain continuous self-care that would normally result with ineffective or incomplete care (“Overview of Nurse Theorist,” n. d. ).
Moreover, this theory is perceived to be the results when the Self-care Agency or better known as the patient could no longer meet get her or his needs of care and manage self-care. Likewise, when an individual or patient is perceived to be incapable to meet his or her own Self care requisites, the deficit in Self Care evidently take place. Hence, the theory also entails the notion that it is the job of the Registered Nurse to identify such self-care deficits and define a support modality.
The self Care Deficit Theory of Dorothea Orem entails the concept that each and every mature person or individual has the quality to attend on his or her own self care requirements (“Dorothea Orem’s Theory of Self Care,” n. d. ). However, it is only in the time where a person get experience incapabilities and limitations such personal care, the self-care deficit exists (“Dorothea Orem’s Theory of Self Care,” n. d. ). Certainly, the theory states that a person or patient could benefit from nursing proceedings depending on their health situation.
As such, the inability of patients to render self care as well as in making a position where their capacity are not adequate enough to assert their own wellness and health also requires the appropriate nursing (“Dorothea Orem’s Theory of Self Care,” n. d. ). Nonetheless, Orem’s Self Care Defifict Theory tells about the appropriate actions in nursing,which concentrates on the on determination of limitation or deficit and implementing advantageous nursing interventions to better meet the needs of the patient or individual (“Dorothea Orem’s Theory of Self Care,” n.d. ).
Primary Application to Patients Patients are considered to be the individuals or persons that are expected to act accordingly in maintaining and holding an equality between their abilities to attain self-care and different therapeutic self-care demands, which are all necessary for their own capabilities of self-care (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n. d. ). Moreover, Dorothea Orem believes that every person or client is perceived to be of a psychosocial and biological being that portrays the potential for self-care (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n.d. ).
This means that there is a capacity or willingness to these people to provide appropriate care for themselves towards the support of their health, well-being and life (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n. d. ). Having this stated, it is evident that the Self Care Deficit Theory which is drawn by Dorothea Orem is possibly applicable to the patients that have been experiencing shortage or incapabilities to render personal medical assistance and attend on their own self care needs.
Likewise, the primary application of such nursing theory to patients could be measured in rendering definite information with regard to the reach and limitations of nursing in rendering and meeting the self care needs of the patients. In addition to this, the application of Self-Care Deficit Theory could as well enable the nurses and the family members of the patients to work hand in hand in conjunction with supportive-educative or developmental nursing (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n. d. ).
Hence, this theory would work in ensuring that the patients or clients are performing well and obeying accordingly with safety measure education with regard self-care toafter discharge (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n. d. ). Nonetheless, nursing intervention or application of Self-Care Deficit Theory is only required during the times when the patients and their family members are no longer capable to take care or attend on their requirement of medical care (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n. d. ). Likewise, self-care deficit would possibly be identified in both preoperative and postoperatively (“Chinesem in Nursing,” n. d. ).
Significance of Self Care Deficit Theory in Nursing Profession Certainly, the Self Care Deficit Theory of Dorothea Orem contributes well in profession and practice of nursing. Citing the event in the year 1970’s , such theory has been essential in the time of changes of researching and expanding the roles of nursing. In addition to this, her theory has been very well helpful to initiate shifting nursing away from a medical model of practice and paved the way to be later renowned as a legitimate science. Moreover, such theory is as well useful and essential in designing curriculum for pre-service, graduate and continuing nursing education.
This is due to the fact that Self-Care Deficit Theory states particular directions to achieve specific nursing results,which are linked in determining and reaching the therapeutic self-care demands, exercise of self-care agency, self-management systems and establishing self-care. Nonetheless, this is as well essential in nursing research this entails positive and substantial use in various studies in able top achieve and draw new information with regard to improving further the nursing practice. Pros and Cons of the Theory
One of the definite advantage of the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory is that it evidently differentiates the focus of nursing as compare to other disciplines (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. ). In addition to this, the languages of the theory is consistent with the linguistic communications that were utilized in actions of the theory and philosophy (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. ). Hence, the terminologies used in the theory were congruent or consistently appropriate throughout its composition (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n.
d. ). Given the fact that the term self-care entails different definition from various disciplines, defining this term and elaborated the essential structure of such concept in both unique or profound and congruent with other interpretations is also considered to be advantageous for the theory of Dorothea Orem (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. ). On the other hand, the disadvantage of Dorothea Orem’s Theory of Self-Care Deficit could be measured by how much time consuming such process could be for the nurses (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. ).
The number of staff could not cater for for such an extended initial care plan (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. ). The bulk of patient admission per shift could make it impossible to accordingly determine the patient needs. Furthermore, the other disadvantages to Orem’s theory is its complexity (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. ). As such, Orem’s theory is perceived to be detailed in a long composition and the recognition of all the major element of the theory could only be complete after actual study of her work (“Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Requisites Part II,” n. d. )
Conclusion With the above written facts and information about the Self-Care Deficit Theory by Dorothea Orem, it is evident that theory encourages a more responsible and independent wellness of a person or individual. Hence, the theory has also emphasized on self or personal care with the appropriate support systems and specifications as to when the nursing is needed. As such, the application of such theory includes the participation of the patient or client’s family members in enhancing and restoring individual optimum health.
In the end, this theory of Dorothea Orem about Self-Care Deficit is indeed essential in the field or profession of nursing in determining the importance and demand of self-care. As such, this theory possibly entails the potential to be cost effective and promote a more responsible and independent client or patient in terms with regard to self-care.
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