behavioral and psychological traits considered appropriate for males and females. Traits that are socially created and may vary from society to society

gender roles
specific behaviors and attitudes a society establishes for men and women (sociologists – they are socially created and arise from the division of labor)

Ernestine Friedl
anthropologist who researched the distribution of power between the sexes in preindustrial societies

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
failed legislation proposed equality for men and women

belief that one sex is by nature superior to the other

belief that one age category is by nature superior to the others

Baby-boom generation
term for people born in the US from 1946 through 1964

largest special interest group in the US

medical aid to elderly and disabled

magnetic resonance imagining

computerized axil tomography

Americans with Disabilities Act – 1990 legislation designed to provide equal rights for people with disabilities

fatal disease believed to be caused by a virus that attacks the immune system. Spreading faster among heterosexuals than among any other group

medical aid for those with little money

National Health Service

Margaret Mead
studied 3 New Guinea societies divison of labor between men and women

Bill Clinton
called for complete overhaul of the health care system

American Medical Association
group that traditionally lobbies against national health care legislation in the US

number of states needed to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment

Great Britian
nation that owns and operates its health care system

Eskimo society
hunting and gathering society with greatest inequality between the sexes

Arapesh society
Margaret Mead found this society to have men and women who passive and emotionally warm

Gender socialization
begins at birth

General practice
field of medicine that does not have a surplus of doctors

elderly group experiencing fastest growth in population/groups most likely to be in poor health

Defensive Medicine
term for diagnostic medical tests given simply as a precaution

Hospital care
most important factor accounting for rising medical costs

Hunting and Gathering societies
most egalitarian of societies

Elderly group most likely to live in poverty
African American women

# of Americans now living without health insurance
36 million

In 1986, the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) was passed, making it: a requirement to treat even the uninsured at emergency rooms. Married people tend to live longer than unmarried people. It could be that they take …

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New Immigration -90% of recent immigrants are from non-European countries. -About 1 million immigrants enter the U.S. legally each year. -12.5% of the population is foreign-born. (1 out of 8 people) -almost one in three americans are non-white, compared to …

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So much has changed in how gender relations are carried out in today’s society. In past societies, much attention was paid to hierarchical relations. The women in the days of yore were only given a certain set of rights and …

Culture A system of ideas, values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, customs, and technology shared by almost everyone in a particular society. Society A group of interacting people who live in a specific geographical area, who are organized in a cooperative manner, …

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