Respiratory and Dermatology Systems

In the middle of a blood transfusion, the nurse notes coarse crackles throughout the lungs and poor aeration in the patient. He discontinues transfusion and suspects that the latter may be showing early signs of cardiogenic pulmonary edema.

He telephones Dr. Benner with the findings and with the doctor’s approval, he requests for an arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis, a complete metabolic panel to asses kidney function, an analysis of cardiac markers, a chest X-ray and an electrocardiogram (BCG) for the patient. The X-ray shows coarse alveolar infiltrates and normal heart size.

The laboratory test results are normal. The nurse, then, suspects transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALL), a condition which exhibits the same symptoms during transfusion but without signs of fluid overload such as edema. Dr. Benner orders a computed tomography (CT) scan which shows diffuse edema and inflammatory consolidation in the lung fields. The ABG results confirm that the patient did incur lung injury during the transfusion, a potentially fatal condition, but his life was saved because of a nurse who read the signals correctly and acted quickly.

In the middle of a blood transfusion, the nurse notes coarse crackles throughout the lungs and poor aeration in the patient. He discontinues transfusion and suspects that the latter may be showing early signs of cardiogenic pulmonary edema.

The human respiratory system is very similar, if not practically identical, to the respiratory system of a rat. The only notable difference is the division of the lobes in human lungs. The left lung of a rat is composed of …

The nurse reviews with the client the risk factors associated with atherosclerosis. Nonmodifiable risk factors that the nurse instructs the client about include A. diabetes. B. age. C. dietary preferences. D. exercise level. b Which of the following controllable risk …

1.) True. 2.) a) combination codes that account for both pneumonia and the responsible organism and b) a dual coding in which the pneumonia is coded as a manifestation of an underlying infection in which the responsible organism is sequenced …

Any condition affecting the respiratory system can be termed as a respiratory condition. Respiratory conditions may also be referred to as lung diseases and they include the breathing problems such as bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, flu and the chronic obstructive pulmonary …

Respiratory weaning is the process of withdrawing the patient from dependence on the ventilator, takes place in three stages: the patient is gradually removed from the ventilator, then from the tube, and finally from oxygen. Weaning from mechanical ventilation is …

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