Religion: Anatomy of the Sacred Chapters 1-3

Monotheism
believes in one god (judism, Christianity)

Polytheism
believes in multiple gods (Buddhism, Hinduism)

Genetic fallacy
logical error of judging the nature, value, or truth of a religion based on its origin or earliest expresses

Ontology
the nature of being; branch of philosophy that investigates nature

Archetypal
original pattern or model from which other things such as institutions, beliefs and behavior are patterned

Sigmund Freud
Religion is comparable to a childhood neurosis

Karl Marx
religion is the sign of the oppressed creature

James Martineau
religion is the belief in an ever-living God

Theology
the study of the nature of God and religious belief

Friedrich Schlierermacher
the essence of religion consists in the feeling of an absolute dependence

Rudolf Otto
Religion is that which grows out of, and gives expression to, experience of the holy in it’s various aspects.

Immanuel Kant
Religion is the recognition of all our duties as divine commands

Pault Tillich
religion is the state of being grasped by an ultimate concern which contains the answer to the question of the meaning of life.

whats the difference between religion and theology?
Theology is the study of gods, and religion is the experience of it and how you reprieve it.

literary criticism
looking at religious texts (bible) looks at theme, structure, symbolism

textual criticism
method of studying a specific religious text (oldest or most reliable version)

documentary criticism
sources of material

historiography
questions about the history of religion (what the writer believed or what the writer believed is true)

anthropology
how religion functions within a certain a culture
(know Emile Durkheim and EB Tylor)

functionalism
method applied to study of religion not interested in history of evolution of religions but how religion focuses on how religion functions in particular social structure

sociology
know Freud how society functions with a religious belief

watch maker
in order to fix a watch you need someone skilled like a watch maker. In terms of the world, we needed a world maker to create the world.

religious language
symbolic, analogical, biblical language

taboo
something that is prohibited

totems
religious objects that posess different kinds of power (A totem is a being, object, or symbol representing an animal or plant that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, group like a cross)

numinous
having a strong religious or spiritual quality; indicating or suggesting the presence of a divinity.

hierophany
(hieros), meaning “sacred” or “holy,” and “φαίνειν” (phainein) meaning “to reveal” or “to bring to light”) signifies a manifestation of the sacred

Taboo Meaning “Marked-off” or “prohibited,” act or object that is considered forbidden Totems Associating humans tribes or classes with animals or plants from which the group has some close relationship. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Chinese herbal medicine has long been an integral part of traditional medicine and has become popular throughout Western society as well. Whether they should be considered as part of religion in Africa is debatable, since religious practices vary; the answer …

In the Middle Ages there were two main civilisations: Christianity and Islam. They both developed their own theories about medicine and treatment. It has been argued that both religions have the best medical treatment, though they have many similarities. Even …

The attitudes of religion are more towards health and methods to gain health after the individual are sick. When death takes place, the question of ever gaining health is over, and in that respect, death has put an end to …

Scientology is a fairly new religion. Founded in the twentieth-century by a man by the name of L. Ron Hubbard. He began his studies long ago and wrote a book in 1950 called Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. …

Introduction There were minimal disputes on the existence of the creator in the nineteenth century. Many people believed in the existence of a sovereign being. Very few arguments existed on whether or not it was important for society to be …

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