Red Cross Training

Good Samaritan Laws:
Protect you and the person you are helping

Obtaining Consent:
-You have to ask the person if they are fully conscience
– If a child consent is implied
– If with parent then you have to ask the parent first

Checking an Unconscious Adult and Child:
1.Ask if they are ok
2.Head chin lift

Checking an Unconscious Infant:
-don’t tilt back as far as an adult or child
-completely around the mouth and nose

-Signs: restlessness, irritability, altered level of consciousness, nausea or vomiting, pale, ashen, cool, moist skin, rapid breathing, pulse, and excessive thirst
-never give a food or water

Moving an Injured or ill person:
-The scene becomes unsafe
-To care for another person who is also hurt so you could care for both
-If the person is in a position that you can’t care for them

Signals of a Heart Attack:
-Persistent chest discomfort lasting more than 3 to 5 minutes
-Persistent chest discomfort that goes away and comes back
-Discomfort, pain or pressure in either arm, back stomach
-Discomfort, pain or pressure that spreads to the shoulder, arm, neck, or jaw
-Dizziness, lightheadedness or loss of consciousness
-Trouble breathing, including noisy breathing, shortness of breath and breathing that is faster than normal
-Pale or ashen-looking skin
-Sweating-face maybe moist or person may be sweating profusely

Cardiac Chain of Survival
1.Early recognition and early access
2.Early CPR
3.Early defibrillation
4.Early advanced medical care

CPR doesn’t re-start the heart, it:
takes the oxygenated blood to send it to the vital organs

Adult, Infant and Child CPR:
1.Check, Call, Care
2.Look, listen and feel for 10 sec
3.30 compressions – 2 breaths

When would you stop CPR:
1. The scene becomes unsafe
2. The person shows signs of life
3. An AED becomes available and is ready to use
4. Another trained responder arrives and takes over
5. You are too exhausted to continue

Depth of Compressions:
about 2 inches for child, at least 2 inches for adult

Never check for a pulse

CCC, Look listen feel 10 sec, 2 rescue breaths, 30 compressions, 2 breaths, recheck pulse at 2 minutes

How many cycles?
5 cycles then check pulse

Rate of Compressions, per minute:
100 – 5 cycles are in 2 minutes

Cardiac Chain of Survival:
3 compressions and 2 breathes

Signal of a Breathing Emergency:
-Trouble breathing
-Slow or rapid breathing
-Unusually deep or shallow breathing
-Gasping for breath
-Wheezing, gurgling or making high pitched noises
-Usually moist or cool skin
-Flushed, pale, ashen or bluish skin color
-Shortness of breath
-Dizziness or lightheadedness
-Dizziness or lightheadedness
-Pain in the chest or tingling in hands, feet or lips
-Apprehensive or fearful feelings

Conscious Choking Adult and Child:
5 back hits (head down)
5 abdominal thrusts

Conscious Choking Infant:
5 back hits (head down)
5 chest thrusts

Unconscious Choking Adult:
Look Listen Feel 10 (sec)
30 chest compensations
Look and or Remove object (figure sweep)
Give 2 rescues breaths
Go back to compensations

Unconscious Choking Infant:
Look Listen and Feel 10 (sec)
2 breaths
Retile the head and give 2 more breaths
Give 30 compressions
2 breaths
Repeat to 30 compressions

Diabetic Emergency:
Any form of sugar to a conscious person (if they want it)
NEVER give anything to an unconscious person

Move away nearby objects
Protect their head (when falling)

Brain attack
FACE – weakness on one side of the face.
-Ask the person to smile. This will show if there is dropping or weakness in the muscles on one side of face
ARM – Weakness or numbness in one arm
SPEECH – Slurred speech or trouble walking
TIME – Time to Call 9-1-1 or emergency number, note the time it started

Allergic Reaction:
Epee pen

Self correcting (blood moving from legs)
Lay them down
Raise feet

Heat-Related Illnesses:
Heat Cramps
– move the person to a cool place
– give cool water to drink
-lightly stretch the muscle and gently massage the area
Heat Exhaustion
-Move the person to a cooler environment
-loosen or remove clothing
-fan the person
-get the person into circulating air while applying wet towels
-if the person is conscious, give small amounts of cool water to drink
-If the person’s condition doesn’t improve or if you suspect heat stroke, call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
Heat Stroke
-Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
-Give care until help arrives by following the care step for heat exhaustion

Cold-Related Illnesses:
-Gently move the person to a warmer place
-Check ABC’s and care for shock
-Remove wet clothing and cover the person with vlackets and plastic sheeting to hold in body heat
-Carefully monitor use of heating pads and hot water bottles so that the person is not unintentionally burned
-Warm the person slowly and handle the person carefully
-Remove wet clothing and jewelry from the affected area
-Soak the frostbitten area in warm water
-Cover with dry, sterile dressing. Do not rub the frostbitten area.
-Check ABCs and care for shock
-Do not re-warm a frostbitten part if there is a danger of it refreezing

Controlling External Bleeding:
-sterile dressing, pressure until bleeding stops
-Put on pressure bandage (maintain pressure) – continue to put more on if bleed through (more direct pressure)
-if severe call 9-1-1

-Sit down
-Head slightly lowered
-Pinch nose
-Put ice packet
-Put pressure on area between lip and nose

Superficial (first degree)
-Involves only the top layer of skin
-Skin is red and dry, usually painful and the area may swell
-Usually heals within a week without permanent scarring
Partial thickness (second degree)
-Involves the top layers of skin
-Skin is red; usually painful; has blisters that may open and weep clear fluid, making the skin appear wet; may appear mottled; and often swells
-Usually heals in 3 to 4 weeks and may scar
Full thickness (third degree)
-May destroy all layers of skin and some or all of the underlying strictures – fat, mucles, bones and nerves.
-The skin may be brown or black (charred) with the tissue underneath sometimes appearing white, and can either be extremely painful or relatively painless (if the burn destroys nerve endings)
-Healing may require medical assistance; scarring is likely

1.Remove source of burn
2.Cold the burn
3.Cover the burn with loose covering

Rest – do not move or straighten the injured area
Immobilize – stabilize the injured area in the position it was found. Splint the injuried part ONLY if the person must be moved and it doesn’t cause more pain
Cold – fill a plastic bag or wrap ice with a damp cloth and apply ice to the injured area for periods of 20 minutes. If continued icing is needed, remove the pack for 20 minutes and then replace it. Place a thin barrier between the ice and bare skin
Elevate – Do not elevate the injured part if it causes more pain

injuries are okay if it does not cause any pain

Head, Neck and Spinal Injuries:
-Do not move head
-Do not move head gear unless needed for CPR

-Can be immediately or days afterwards
-Sensitivity to light and sound
-Memory loss of events
-Support head were you found it
-Clear fluid from ears cover with bandages

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