The most common medical emergency for the diabetic is hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Which is NOT a cause of hypoglycemia?
Reduces sugar intake by eating too much

Hypoglycemia is caused by:
Taking too much insulin
Overexercising or overexertion
Vomiting a meal

Many diabetics today have an insulin pump. Which of the following statements about insulin pumps is NOT true?
They are usually worn around the ankle

Insulin pumps are:
About the size of an MP3 player of pager
Are usually worn on the belt
Have a catheter that enters into the abdomen

Which of the following is NOT a sign of a hypoglycemic diabetic emergency?
Slow heart rate

Pt’s will present with:
Cold, clammy skin

Status epilepticus is a condition when:
the pt has 2 or more convulsive seizures lasting 5-10 minutes or more without regaining full consciousness

Many stroke pt’s are candidates for thrombolytic drugs. One of the most important things that an EMT can do to optimize the care of a stroke patient who is a candidate for the drugs is:
determine the exact time of onset of symptoms

As an EMT, you will be called on frequently to treat diabetic emergencies. Diabetic emergencies are usually caused by:
poor management of the pt’s diabetes

If the blood sugar level is very high, which of the following may result?
Excessive urination, excessive thirst, and excessive hunger

For the reticular activating system to work correctly, what three substances are needed?
Oxygen to perfuse brain tissue, glucose to nourish brain tissue, and sodium to keep the brain hydrated

A hormone called insulin is secreted by the:
Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas

Compared to hypoglycemia, which of the following is true of hyperglycemia?
Its onset is more gradual

You respond to a 32 yo female pt who is having a seizure. You arrive on the scene to find the pt drowsy, confused, and complaining of a headache. The pt is demonstrating the:
postictal phase

Your pt is a 21 yo female with a history of epilepsy. She is having a convulsion upon your arrival. Which of the following should you do?
Move furniture and other objects away from the pt to prevent injury

The death of brain tissue due to deprivation of oxygen because of a blocked or ruptured artery in the brain is known as which of the following?

You have arrived on the scene of a call for a possible stroke. On your arrival, the pt denies signs and symptoms, is alert and oriented, and moves all extremities well. Her husband states that before you arrived the pt could not move her right arm and the left side of her face seemed to be “slack”. Which of the following has most likely occurred?
The pt suffered a transient ischemic attack

Which of the following is a typical cause of seizures in children 6 months to 3 years of age?

1. Which of the following is not a sign of a hypoglycemic diabetic emergency? a. Combativeness b. Slow heart rate c. Anxiety d. Cold, clammy skin 1. b. Slow heart rate 2. Which of the following is characteristic of a …

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What are several ways the life of someone with diabetes is impacted by the disorder? physically – change in diet – manage blood sugar by monitoring – count carbs – exercise – more time w/ doctor emotionally – mood swings …

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