PVCC RAD 125 Pharmacology 1 & 2

oxygen therapy
A nuclear medicine technologist in any state is not allowed to administer this for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons:

malpractice
A breach of duty by a professional person to adhere to a standard of care; failure to perform a professional service with the ability and care generally exercised by others in the profession.

malpractice
Failure to earn continuing education classes and continually upgrade ones skills may be seen as

negligence
A finding of failure to act properly in a situation in which there was a duty to act, that needed care as would reasonably be expected of the RT was not provided, and that harm was caused to the patient as a result.

liability
This increases in relation to how many certifications and credentials one holds.

seizure
When one occurs, ensure the patient’s safety and THEN call a code

standard of care
Actual performance of an individual in a given situation will be measured against what a reasonably prudent person would or would not have done

educational standards
Should be met by all personnel practicing in the field of medical imaging

professional standards
Established to determine the appropriate professional practice and is generally the standard recognized by the discipline’s national professional organization.

professional standards
The scope of practice that determines what should and should not be done under certain circumstances; guidelines.

lobby for them
When you have not been trained for a certain standard, how do you ensure your employer will provide you with those standards?

you and the health care facility
Who is ultimately liable if you perform a procedure that you have not been certified or even properly trained to do?

class C-1
Illegal drug classification

class C-2
Drugs including heroine, opium, LSD, crack, cocaine, methamphetamines

class C-2
Drugs with high abuse potential including morphine, oxycodene, and fentanyl.

class C-3
Drugs with accepted medical use under medical supervision including acetaminophen with codeine and butalbital with caffeine and aspirin.

class C-4
Drugs with accepted medical use under medical supervision including diazepam (valium), chloral hydrate, lorazepam, oxazepam, and chlorazepate

class C-4
Accepted medical use and some over-the-counter purchasing including cough syrup with codeine and diphenoxylate with atropine.

venipuncture
(medicine) puncture of a vein through the skin in order to withdraw blood for analysis or to start an intravenous drip or to inject medication or a radiopaque dye

double lock and key
Storage requirement for controlled substances

two signatures
Removal requirement for controlled substances

c-2 drugs
This must be accounted for at the beginning and end of each shift and verified by TWO employees.

c-2 drugs
Missing does must be reported and investigated immediately.

herbal products
“Natural” medications for anything from weight -loss to depression that can cause serious side-effects and is not fully understood

chart
legal medical record belonging to the hospital

charting
This should be an accurate, chronological history of medically supervised events

imaging professional
responsible for including radiographic procedures, radiographic medications, patient history, and informed consents

pharmacology
Biomedical study of the interaction of chemical substances with living systems, including cells, tissues, & organisms

legend drugs
Medications that are not legally available without a prescription from a prescriber (e.g., physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant; also called prescription drugs).

controlled drugs
Drugs that require more control to protect the public as they have a high potential for abuse-amphetamines, barbituates, anabolic steriods

legal prescription
Must contain:
1.patient name, room # or address, ID #
2. Drug name (generic or brand)
3. Dosage: proper units of measure
4. Dosage form: tablet, capsule, solution, injection
5. Route of administration: oral, rectal, parenteral
6. Date order is written
7. Prescriber’s signature

JRCERT
Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology

ASRT
American Society of Radiologic Technologists

HIPPA
1996, defines rights and privileges of clients for the protection of privacy without diminishing access to quality care.

HIPPA
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

AHA
American Hospital Association

AHFS
American Hospital Formulary Service

BNDD
Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs; agency of the federal government responsible for enforcing laws covering statutes of additive drugs

DEA
Drug Enforcement Agency

FDA
Food and Drug Administration. The agency that is responsible for determining if a food or drug is safe and effective enough to be sold to the public.

FDA
Shortens drugs names and protects drug companies against fraudulent claims

PDR
(Physician’s Desk Reference;) contains current information about the actions, side effects, and interactions of drugs; a new edition is published annually. Drug companies must pay to have their products included and does not include ALL drugs.

POMR
Problem oriented medical record-form of record keeping which revolves around a list of patient problems.

POMR
Includes a summary sheet, legal consents, and advanced directives, a history and physical exam sheets, a problem list, physician orders, progress notes, graphic records, lab tests, and consultations.

Handbook on Injectable Drugs
A collection of monographs on commercially available parenteral drugs that include concentration, stability, dosage and compatibility information.

Facts and Comparisons
Monthly updated (most current information) guide on actions, indications, warnings, interactions, precautions, adverse reactions and dosage calculations.. Includes orphan drugs, investigational drugs, drug monographs, drug identification

Drug Interaction Facts
This resource includes drug-drug & drug-food interactions, assessment of severity, mechanism, clinical evaluation, & management.

Hanstens Drug Interactions
This resource includes drug-drug & drug-food interactions, assessment of severity, mechanism, clinical evaluation, & management.

Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation
Highly recommended in any practice that deals with pregnant patients or women who breast-feed their children

physicians order sheet
physicians order sheet

chart summary sheet
chart summary sheet

patient history
patient history

problem list
problem list

lab tests
lab tests

consultation report
consultation report

patient progress report
patient progress report

clinical record
clinical record

treatment record
treatment record

medication report
medication report

narcotics report
narcotics report

patient history
patient history

informed consent form
informed consent form

therapeutic index
A measure of a drug’s safety. Defined as the ratio of a drug’s lethal dose to it’s effective dose.

Median lethal dose
The dose of the drug that will be lethal in 50% of a group of animals.

Acute toxicity
The dose of the drug that will be lethal in 50% of a group of animals.

FDA testing sequence
Steps needed to approve a new drug.
1. Animal studies
2. Human studies

animal study sequence
Step 1 in the process needed to approve a new drug.
A.toxicity: acute toxicity, subacute toxicity, and chronic toxicity
B. Therapeutic index
C. Modes of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion

human study sequence
Step 2 in the process needed to approve a new drug.
A. Phase I: Initial pharmacological evaluation
B. Phase II: limited controlled evaluation
C. Phase III: extended control evaluation

refusal of consent form
Patients who refuse treatment should sign a

Infants are at risk for drug toxicity due to which of the following? Decreased liver enzymes, reduced kidney perfusion, reduced liver perfusion A health care professional is caring for a patient who arrived at an urgent care center following a …

A health care professional is explaining the adverse effects of digoxin (Lanoxin) to a patient. Which of the following is an adverse effect of the drug? Cardiac dysrhythmias A health care professional is caring for a patient who is hospitalized …

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A health care professional obtaining a patient’s health history discovers that the patient is taking loratadine (Claritin), an over the counter drug. Which of the following information about over the counter drugs is correct? (select all that apply) They do …

absorption The process by which one substance is absorbed, or taken in and incorporated, into another, as when the body converts food or drugs into a form it can use. administer To give a drug directly by injection, by mouth, …

Process by which the body takes in or receives a drug Absorption Action by which a drug is released throughout the body Distribution WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write …

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