Psychology Vocab

Cognitive
Which theoretical perspective in psychology attempts to characterize the way in which humans store and process sensory information?

Humanistic
Which perspective argues that every person has the potential to become self-actualized?

Industrial-organizational
Which branch of psychology helps employees to become more productive in the workplace?

Debriefing
What procedure can reduce problems associated with the use of deception by a researcher?

Reactions to sensory stimulation
Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory work involved experimental studies of

William James
The early school of psychology known as functionalism was developed by

Biological
What perspective is most relevant to understanding the impact of strokes and brain diseases on memory?

Biological
Mr. Lopez believes that severe depression results primarily from an imbalanced diet and abnormal brain chemistry. Mr. Lopez favors a ________ perspective on depression.

Exaggerate their ability to have foreseen the outcome of past events.
The hindsight bias refers to people’s tendency to

may be unrepresentative of what is generally true
The biggest danger of relying on case-study evidence is that it

a confounding variable
In an experiment studying the effects of alcohol on memory, subjects’ tolerance to alcohol consumption would be considered

Biomedical
A psychotherapist who believes that deviant behavior can be traced either to genetic anomalies or to problems in the physical structure of the brain most likely subscribes to what view of abnormality?

representative of the population
In order to yield information that is generalizable to the population from which it was drawn, a sample must be

ethics
In a research study, informed consent is a concern of

A code of ethics for research with both human participants and animal subjects.
What is the response of members of the American Psychological Association to ethical issues in research?

threshold
The minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse is called the

Frontal lobes
The case of Phineas Gage provided evidence that this region of the brain plays a role in personality and behavior

fMRI
To identify which specific brain areas are most active during a particular mental task, researchers would be most likely to make use of a

receive incoming signals from other neurons
The function of dendrites is to

cerebellum
The “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the

medulla
Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the

sympathetic
When Mr. Valdez though his 1-year-old daughter fell down the stairs, his heartbeat accelerated, his blood pressure rose, and he began to perspire heavily. Mr. Valdez’s state of arousal was activated by his _______ nervous system

myelin sheath
The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a

the extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body
An axon is

pituitary gland
The master gland of the endocrine system is the

GABA
An undersupply of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter known as _______ is linked to seizures.

Recticular formation
Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?

The refractory period
For a brief time after firing a single-shot handgun, you cannot fire the gun again. This is analogous to what in cell firing?

Levels of acetylcholine, the motor cortex, and the cerebellum
If a patient reported that she was experiencing some immobility in one or more body parts, her doctor may do well to investigate which of the following? (Three things)

Amygdala
Which neural center in the limbic system plays a central role in emotions such as aggression and fear?

limbic system
Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the

Dopamine
The pleasure humans derive from food, water, and sexual activity is most correlated with activity of what neurotransmitter?

Cerebellum
The recticular formation is located in what part of the brain?

Thalamus
Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?

reabsorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron.
Reuptake refers to the

Synapse
Psychoactive drugs interfere with normal neural transmission. Where does this interference take place?

he will report seeing a cow.
A split brain patient is instantaneously flashed an image of a truck to the left visual field and a cow to the right visual field. When asked to verbally report what he saw

difficulty in decision making and social judgement.
Damage to the frontal lobes would most likely result in

PET Scan
The concentration of glucose in active regions of the brain underlies the usefulness of a

Occipital lobes
A PET scan of a patient looking at a photograph of a painting would most likely indicate high levels of activity in which brain structure?

Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory work involved experimental studies of A) animal intelligence. B) personality development. C) learning and memory. D) reactions to sensory stimulation. D Introspection was the basic research tool used by ________ in order to study people’s inner sensations …

Some of the information in our ________ memory is encoded into ________ memory. A. sensory, working B.short-term, sensory C.flashbulb, short-term sensory, working The difference between automatic and effortful processing best illustrates A. The two-track mind B. the misinformation effect C. …

1. Research on left-handedness suggests that A) genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness. B) a greater proportion of women than men are left-handed. C) left-handers generally demonstrate less artistic competence than right-handers. D) most left-handers process language …

Which of the following best describes the view of the mind held by Plato and Socrates? The mind is separate from the body and continues after the body dies. Which phil. was the first to conclude that knowledge results from …

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