Psychology social psychology test

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Psychologist who study how we think about, influence, and relate to one another are called
Social psychologist

Heifers theory of how we explain others behaviors is the
Attribution theory

Beliefs and feelings that predispose our responses are called
Attitudes

The many research studies on attitudes and actions conducted during the 1920s ____ the common assumption that out actions are guided by our attitudes
Challenged

According to _____ theory thoughts and feelings change because people are motivated to justify actions that would otherwise seem hypocritical
Cognitive dissonance

The psychologist who first studied the effects of a group pressure on conformity is
Asch

Understood rules for accepted and expected behavior are called social ___
Norms

The classic social psychology studies of obedience were conducted by
Milgram

The tendency to preform a task between when other people are present is called
Social facilitation

When the desire for group harmony overrides realistic thinking in individuals, the phenomenon known as ___ has occured
Groupthink

The power of one or two individuals to away the opinion of the majority is called
Minority influence

Freud believed that people have a self destructive ____ that is manifested as aggression
Death instinct

According to the ___ principle inability to achieve a goal leads to anger, which may generate aggression
Frustration aggression

A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas is called
Conflict

Prerequisite for, and perhaps the most powerful prediction of, attraction is
Proximity

When people are repeatedly exposed to unfamiliar stimuli, their linking of the stimuli increases. This phenomenon is the ____ effect
Mere exposure

An unselfish regard for the welfare of others is called
Altruism

In a series of states accidents, latane and darker found that a bystander was less likely to help if other bystanders were present. This phenomenon has been called the
Bystander effect

The idea that social behavior aims to maximize rewards and minimize costs is proposed by
Social exchange

One rule of social behavior tells us to return help to this who have helped us; this is the ____ norm
Reciprocity

In his study of obedience, Stanley milgram found that the majority of subjects
Complied with all the demands of the experiment

According to cognitive dissonance theory, dissonance is most likely to occur when
An individual does something that is personally disagreeable

Conformity increased under which of the following conditions is asch’s studies of conformity
All of the above increased conformity

The phenomenon in which individuals lose their identity and relinquish normal restrains when they are part of a group is called
Deindividuation

Subjects in asch’s line judgement experiment conformed to the group standard when their judgements were observed by others but not when they were made in private. This tendency to conform in public demonstrates
Normative social influence

In molgrams obedience studies, subjects were less likely to follow experimenters orders when
They saw another subject disobey instructions

Aggression is defined as behavior that
Is intended to hurt another person

Which of the following is true about aggression
It varies too much to be instinctive in humans

Research studies have found a positive correlation between aggressive tendencies in animals and levels I. Tg hormone
Testosterone

Increasing the number of people that are present during an emergency tends to
Decrease the likelihood that anyone will help

Which of the following was not mentioned in the text discussion of the roots of prejudice
People’s tendency to assume that exceptional or especially memorable, individuals are unlike the majority of members of a group

The mere exposure effect demonstrates that
Familiarity breeds fondness

The belief that those who suffer deserve that fate is expressed in the
Just world phenomenon

A casual explanation for someone’s behavior
Attribution

A generalized belief about a group of people
Stereotype

People work less hard in a group
Social loafing

Performance is improved by an audience
Social facilitation

The tendency to favor ones own group
Ingroup bias

The effect of social provable or disapproval
Normative social influence

Adjusting ones behavior to coincide with a group standard
Conformity

Group discussion enhanced prevailing tendencies
Group polarization

The effect of accepting others opinions about something
Informational social influence

Unselfish regard for others
Altruism

The tendency that a person is less likely to help someone in need when others are present
Bystander effect

The increased liking of a stimulus that results from repeated exposure to it
Mere exposure effect

Which theorist argues that aggression was a manifestation of a persons death instinct redirected toward another person
Freud

We tend to perceive the members of an ingroup as __ and the members of an outgroup as ___
Different from one another; similar to one another

Most people prefer mirror image photographs of their faces. This is next explained by
The mere exposure effect

Research studies indicate that in an emergency situation, the presence of others often
Leads to all of the above

Two neighboring nations are each stockpiling weapons. Each sees its neighbors actions as an act of aggression and it’s own actions as self defense. Evidently, these nations are victims of
The fundamental attribution error

Which of the following factors is the most powerful predictor of friendship
Physical proximity

Most researchers agree that
Media violence is a factor in aggressive behavior

Which of the following is true
Attitudes predict behavior under certain conditions

People with power and status may become prejudiced because
They tend to justify the social inequalities between themselves and others

Which of the following conditions did milgram derive from his studies of obedience
Even ordinary people, without any particular hostility, can become agents in a destructive process

Which of the following best describes how GRIT works
The two sides engage in a series of reciprocated conciliatory acts

Which of the following is important in prompting conformity in individuals
Whether an individuals behavior will be observed by others in the group

Which theory described how we explain others behavior as being due to internal dispositions or external situations
Attribution theory

Which of the following is most likely to promote groupthink
Group polarization is evident

Before she gave a class presentation favoring gun control legislation, Wanda opposed it. Her present attitude favoring such legislation can best be explained by
Cognitive dissonance theory

Which of the following would most likely be subject to social facilitation
Running quickly around a track

Jane and sandy were best friends as freshmen. Jane joined a sorority, sandy didn’t. By the end of their senior hear, they found they has less in common with each other than with the other members of their respective circle of friends. Which of the following phenomena most likely explains their feelings
Group polarization

Ever since their cabin lost the camp softball competition, the campers have become increasingly hostile toward one camper in their cabin, blaming her for ever problem in the cabin. This behavior is best explained in terms of
The scapegoat theory

Maria recently heard a speech calling for a bam on aerosol sprays that endanger the earths ozone layer. Maria’s subsequent decision to stop using aerosol sprays is an example of
Informal social influence

Which of the following situations should produce the greatest cognitive dissonance
A student volunteers to debate an issue, taking the side he personally disagrees with

Professor Washingtons students did very poorly on the last exam. The tendency to make the fundamental attribution error might lead her to conclude that the class did poorly because
Students were unmotivated

Students at state university are convinced that their school is better than any other, this most directly illustrates
An ingroup bias

After sandy helped jack move into his new apartment, jack felt obligated to help sandy when she moved. Jacks sense of responsibility can best be explained by
The reciprocity norm

Alexis believes that all mall athletes are self centered and sexist, her beliefs are an example of
Stereotypes

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Examine the effects of social variables and cognitions; attempts to understand behavior within its social context Social Psychology the …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Diathesis can be defined as a predisposition for a disease Kaylie has been diagnosed with both social phobia and …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Conformity is one of the most important issues in psychology with regards to its relevance in society. It is …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which theory describes how we explain others’ behavior as being due to internal dispositions or external situations? Attribution Theory …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy “A branch of ‘social psychology’ concerned with the study of groups. [Areas of research include the] Interactions [of group …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Human behavior has been identified to be affected and influenced by those they interact with as their immediate family …

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