Psychology Mod10 ResearchPaper FinalDraft

Most people have felt sad or depressed at times. Feeling depressed can be a normal reaction to loss, life’s struggles, or an injured self-esteem. But when feelings of intense sadness — including feeling helpless, hopeless, and worthless — last for days to weeks and keep you from functioning normally, your depression may be something more than sadness. It may very well be clinical depression — a treatable medical condition. Most people when asked what depression is think that it’s when someone is so sad that they feel worthless and constantly think about taking their own lives.

What they don’t know is that it’s much more than that. The signs and symptoms are not only characterized by negative thoughts, moods, and behaviors but also specific changes in bodily. In spite of clear research evidence and clinical guidelines regarding therapy, depression is often undertreated and misunderstood. Hopefully, this situation can change for the better. If this illness is not treated correctly, it can cause severe damage towards a person and their families and friends.

This research paper will go in depth on the things that cause depression, the effects it has on patients, their families, and friends, as well as the solution to treating this illness. Depression is defined as a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity which reflects a sad and/or irritable mood exceeding normal sadness or grief. Depression can be a severe condition if it goes unmentioned or untreated. Although it is not known what exactly causes depression there are some possible causes that can lead to this condition. We have things such as biological differences here people with depression appear to have physical changes in their brains.

The significance of these changes is still uncertain, but may eventually help pinpoint causes. The tiny little Running Heading: Research Paper: Depression-Final Dra? neurotransmitters; naturally occurring brain chemicals linked to mood are thought to play a direct role in depression. Our hormones go through changes in the body’s hormonal balance and may be involved in causing or triggering depression. Hormone changes can result from thyroid problems, menopause or a number of other conditions.

There are also the inherited traits in which depression is more common in people whose biological family members also have this condition. Researchers are trying to find genes that may be involved in causing depression. People go through certain life events, such as the death or loss of a loved one, financial problem, and high stress, can trigger depression in some people. Not only can certain adult events happen but there can also be early childhood trauma. Traumatic events during childhood, such as abuse or loss of a parent, may cause permanent changes in the brain that make you more susceptible to depression.

There are many possible causes but aside from just basic researching we must be able to see the obvious; the symptoms. Symptoms in depression can be very secretive at first but the further into this very serious condition we can see obvious and very strong signs. For some people, depression symptoms are so severe that it’s obvious something isn’t right. Other people feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why. Such symptoms and signs include frustration, feelings of being sad, unhappy, fatigue, loss of appetite, anger bursts, and sudden cry spells for no apparent reasoning, loss of interest.

There are physical features you will notice along with none visible signs such as weight loss and even possible bags under the eyes. Depression affects each person in different ways, so symptoms caused by depression vary from person to person. Inherited traits, age, gender and cultural background all play a role in how depression may affect you. Depression can be especially cruel in that it doesn’t affect just the depressed person, but everyone around them, too. Someone who is depressed can be very difficult Running Heading: Research Paper: Depression-Final Dra? and draining to deal with.

Depressed individuals will tend to avoid friends and social gatherings, and be unable to derive satisfaction from hobbies and leisure interests. It impairs their ability to sleep, eat, work, and get along with others. Although they don’t purposely intend to hurt the significant other or close relationships, they can and will become greatly affected until the person affected by depression has received help or manages to get rid of it miraculously. It can be hard to try to find help or even whom to turn to in such circumstances. The great thing is that depression is a condition that can be taken care of when and if the proper measures are taken.

Numerous depression treatments are available; such as antidepressants. Antidepressants are medication used for people who have depression. Most antidepressants are believed to work by slowing down the removal of certain chemicals from the brain. Medications and psychological counseling are very effective for most people. Depending on the severity of your depression a loved one may need to help you and guide you through the best choice for you until the affected person can handle the decision making well. Drastic measures can even lead to hospitalization along with the right medication and psychological help of a psychologist/counselor.

Depression can be very common especially after tragic life events or even just everyday stress piled up. When we hear or actually live through with depression or when our loved ones do then it’s our job to be fully informed, “What is depression? What are common symptoms and effects,” not only is the person with depression affected but also the people surrounding his /her life. Depression, if diagnosed on time, can be controlled and rid of with just the right help. Running Heading: Research Paper: Depression-Final Dra?

References American Psychological Association. (2013). Depression Retrieved from http://www. apa. org/topics/depress/index. aspx Running Heading: Research Paper: Depression-Final Dra? Smith, M. A. , Saison, M. S. W. , & Segal, Jeanne, Ph. D. (2013, May). Depression Symptoms & Warning Signs Retrieved by http://www. helpguide. org/mental/depression_signs_types_diagnosis_treatment. htm The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2013, May 17). Depression Retrieved from http://www. nimh. nih. gov/health/topics/depression/index. shtml.

After reading all of the statistics, the facts, the observations and opinions about suicide through the research of this paper, it is safe to say that suicide is never really about one thing in particular. People who lose their home …

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* The scientific study of mental or behavioral disorders, diseases, illnesses, dysfunctions, abnormalities or problems. Deviance/Unusual – Impaired functioning with respect to expected performance (Danger to self and others) ELEMENTS OF ABNORMALITY DevianceIrrationality DistressObserver discomfort DangerViolation of moral and ideal …

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