Psychology Chapter 8 Practice Test

The thinking and attitudes of many who survived the Depression of the 1930s changed them for the rest of their lives. This would be an example of a

a.) cohort effect

b.) cultural group

c.) longitudinal group

d.) cross-sequential group

cohort effect

If a person has one gene for blue eyes but actually has brown eyes, blue eyes must be a ____ trait

a.) dominant

b.) recessive

c.) sex-linked

d.) polygenic

recessive

In ____ syndrome, the 23rd pair of chromosomes consists of an XXY pairing, resulting in reduced masculine characteristics and excessive height

a.) PKU

b.) Down

c.) Klinefelter’s

d.) Turner’s

Klinefelter’s

Which of the following represents the fertilization process for monozygotic twins?

a.) one egg is fertilized by two different sperm

b.) one egg splits and is then fertilized by two different sperm

c.) one egg is fertilized by one sperm and then splits

d.) two eggs are fertilized by the same sperm

one egg is fertilized by one sperm and then splits

What part of an infant’s body is said to stay in an immature state until needed to produce more cells?

a.) uterus

b.) stem cells

c.) umbilical cord

d.) placenta

stem cells

Based on today’s science and medicine, when does the age of viability begin?

a.) between 8 and 12 weeks

b.) between 12 and 18 weeks?

c.) between 22 and 26 weeks

d.) between 28 and 36 weeks

between 22 and 26 weeks

Dr. Kahn measures how long baby Lydia looks at a particular stimulus. The technique is known as

a.) preferential looking

b.) dishabituation

c.) habituation

d.) stimulus discrimination

preferential looking

At what age can the typical infant roll over?

a.) 2 months

b.) 5 weeks

c.) 8 months

d.) 12 months

2 months

Studies of the infant brain show signs of what scientists call synaptic pruning. What occurs during this process?

a.) the brain creates additional neural connections by removing parts of the surrounding bone

b.) unused synaptic connections and nerve cells are cleared out to make way for new cells

c.) new cells work to “rewrite” old cells and ultimately change their functioning

d.) new cells will not develop until the body makes sufficient physical space within the brain

unused synaptic connections and nerve cells are cleared out to make way for new cells

In which of Piaget’s stages does the child become capable of understanding conservation?

a.) sensorimotor

b.) preoperational

c.) formal operations

d.) concrete operations

concrete operations

Monique says “milk” when she wants her milk from the kitchen counter. Subsequently, she says “milk” after she has had a drink. Using a single phrase to mean different things is an example of

a.) telephrase

b.) private speech

c.) holophrase

d.) public speech

holophrase

In the Strange Situation, ____ babies would cry when their mother left the room but were happy upon her return

a.) secure

b.) avoidant

c.) ambivalent

d.) disorganized-disoriented

Secure

The expectation of one’s culture, the development of one’s personality, and sense of identity are all affected by one’s ____, which refers to the psychological aspects of being male or female

a.) sex

b.) androgyny

c.) gender

d.) gender role

gender

What is a new explanation as to why teenagers and young adults may engage in risky and dangerous behavior?

a.) such behavior is due to the tremendous pressure applied by peers

b.) such behavior is actually hereditary

c.) such behavior may be due to unbalanced levels of hormones in the body

d.) such behavior may be due to incomplete development of the prefrontal cortex

such behavior may be due to incomplete development of the prefrontal cortex

Samantha enters a classroom where two students are talking. When they stop their discussion, Samantha is certain they must have been talking about her. Such a belief is an example of

a.) the imaginary audience

b.) the personal fable

c.) abstract egocentrism

d.) formal operations

the imaginary audience

What cognitive changes occurring during middle adulthood are the most noticeable?

a.) changes in memory begin to occur

b.) problem-solving skills diminish

c.) hearing begins to decline

d.) hair begins to turn gray

changes in memory begin to occur

Independence and self-reliance in the teenage years is the most likely due to ____ parenting

a.) authoritarian

b.) authoritative

c.) permissive neglectful

d.) permissive indulgent

authoritative

The crisis of late adulthood, according to Erikson, is

a.) identity vs. role confusion

b.) generativity vs. stagnation

c.) intimacy vs. isolation

d.) integrity vs. despair

integrity vs. despair

Which theory of aging states that unstable oxygen molecules tend to steal electrons as they bounce around, thus causing damage to surrounding cells

a.) cellular clock theory

b.) wear-and-tear theory

c.) free radical theory

d.) active theory

free radical theory

Kip is worried that he is losing his mind because he finds himself angry at a friend who died in an automobile accident. Based on Kübler-Ross’s research, what might you tell him?

a.) anger of this type is self-destructive and unhealthy

b.) anger is usually a mask to your true feelings of sadness

c.) anger toward a deceased individual is simply not normal and may require psychological counseling

d.) anger is a normal reaction to death and not a sign of mental illness

anger is a normal reaction to death and not a sign of mental illness

Habituation One way researchers study newborn development involves measuring how long infants continue to focus upon a non changing stimulus. This technique is referred to as Touch Which of a baby’s senses is the most well developed at birth? WE …

1. Research on left-handedness suggests that A) genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness. B) a greater proportion of women than men are left-handed. C) left-handers generally demonstrate less artistic competence than right-handers. D) most left-handers process language …

Diathesis can be defined as a predisposition for a disease Kaylie has been diagnosed with both social phobia and depression. Kaylie’s case exemplifies: comorbidity WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

D Which of these tissue types is not affected by sarcomas? A) breast B) lymphatic C) bones D) glandular B Rocky Mountain spotted fever is caused by a ____ and is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected …

Which of the following is a mosquito-borne viral disease of the human liver and blood? Yellow fever Which of the following was one of the diseases the early virologists studied at the beginning of the 20th century? Foot- and-mouth disease …

Lenore is unexplainably and continually tense and is plagued by muscle tension, sleeplessness, and an inability to concentrate. Lenore most likely suffers from a(n): Generalized Anxiety Disorder The avoidance of situations in which help may not be available when panic …

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