Psychology ch 2

Dendrites are branching extensions of

An axon is
The extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body

The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
Myelin sheath

A synapse is a
Junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron

The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called

The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the ______ nervous systems

Which brain structure receives info from all the senses except smell?

Which baseball sized structure at the rear of the brainstem serves many functions, including helping you to judge time and to discriminate sounds and textures

The cerebral cortex is the covering layer of the

The corpus callosum is a wide band of axon fibers that
Transmits info between the cerebral hemispheres

In a clinical trial of a brain- computer interface with a paralyzed humans, a 25 year old man constructed shapes on a computer screen by activating neurons in his

The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the

The Ancient Greek philosopher Plato located the mind in the

Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential. This indicates that a neuron’s reaction is
An all or none response

The auditory hallucinations experienced by people with schizophrenia are most closely linked with the activation of areas in their
Temporal lobes

The neural center in the limbic system that processes explicit memories for storage is called the

Degeneration of the myelin sheath results In
Multiple sclerosis

The ability to simultaneously copy different figures with the right and left hand is most characteristic if those whose ______ has been cut.
Corpus callosum

Along with the basal ganglia, the ______ enables nonverbal learning and skill memory

The visual cortex is activated when blind people read Braille. This best illustrates

The release of cortisol into the bloodstream is most likely to
Lower blood pressure

Schizophrenia is most closely linked with an oversupply of the neurotransmitter

Thanks tot he release of carbon isotopes in nuclear weapons tests, researchers have been able to detect the process of neurogenesis in the

Magnetic resonance imaging uses magnetic fields and ______ to produce computer generated images of soft tissue
Radio waves

The release of epinephrine into the bloodstream is most likely to
Increase blood sugar

During open brain surgery, Adams left ankle twitched whenever the surgeon electrically stimulated a specific area within Adams
Right parietal lobe

Mathematical computations are faster than your quickest mathematical computations because the top speed of a Neural impulse is about ______ Times slower than the speed of electricity in a computer
3 million

Peoples failure to recognize themselves in a mirror is most likely to be associated with damage to the
Right cerebral hemisphere

You come home one night to find a burglar in your house your heart starts racing and you begin to perspire. These physical reactions are triggered by the
Sympathetic nervous system

José has just played a long and bruising football game but feels a little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of

If a professor accused you of cheating on a test your adrenal glands would probably release ______ into your bloodstream

Aaron consistently exhibits I knee-jerk response without having any Sensations of the taps on his knees. Aaron’s experience is most indicative of
A severed spinal cord

To detect Mr. Zigler’s loss of brain tissue from a degenerative disease, his physicians are most likely to request that he received a
MRI Scan

You feel the pain of a sprained ankle when _______ relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system
Sensory neurons

The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the movements of your mouth and jaw’s as you eat is called the
Somatic nervous system

In a tragic diving accident, Andrew damaged his spinal cord. As a result, his legs were paralyzed. Andrews injury was located in his
Central nervous system

To demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a Nero scientist should electronically simulate the rats

Jason lost his sense of taste due to a tumor that causes damage to the structure located on top of his brainstem. This structure is known as the

Which part of your brain is essential for receiving information that you are moving your legs?
Somatosensory cortex

Dr. woolski conducts research on the potential relationship between new transmitter deficiencies and mood states. Dr.’s research focus is most characteristic of
The biological perspective

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Cerebral Cortex The outermost layer of the brain -Controls high-level thinking mental process such as thought What sides of the brain control what sides of the body? Right side of brain –> left side of body Left side of brain …

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pituitary gland often referred to as the master of the endocrine system, because it receives orders from a part of the brain located just above it and communicates those orders out to all of the other parts of the nervous …

Cognitive Which theoretical perspective in psychology attempts to characterize the way in which humans store and process sensory information? Humanistic Which perspective argues that every person has the potential to become self-actualized? WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

central nervous system the brain and spinal cord collectively neuroglia specialized supporting cells in the central nervous system WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample synapse junction or …

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