psychology abnormal behavior

deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors
Psychological Disorder

types of behaviors that inhibit a person’s ability to adjust to particular situations
Maladaptive

Examples for Maladaptive, reduce anxiety but is non-productive in alleviating the actual problem.
Avoiding situations

concept that mental illness can be treated and diagnosed like a disease and be cured.
Medical Model

psychologists believing in bio psychosocial approach think cause of disorders is what and why?
nature and nurure, because specific disorders var among cultures

Widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)

What do Critics say about DSM?
almost any kind of behavior is brought to the net of psychiatry

Reason for Rosenhan Study was to
to test the hypothesis that psychiatrists cannot tell the difference between people who are sane and those who are not.

Rosenhan Study was
Patients diagnosed with Schizophenia, but they were sent out with different counts of days for a long time

When we label a person with a disorder
Might bias perception, labeling can also change reality.

benefits of diagnostic labeling
Mental health professionals can communicate about their cases, to discern effective treatment programs

5 risk factors for mental disorders
1. biological relative
2. experienced virus, toxin, drugs, alcohol in womb
3. sressful life situations (Trauma)
4. brain damage
5. poor social relationships

Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors
Anxiety Disorders

continually tense, apprehensive, and in state of autonomic nervous system
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or frightening sensations
Panic Disorder

An Anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation
Phobia

Shyness taken to an extreme, intense fear of being scrutinized by others
Social Anxiety Disoder (social phobia)

People who experience several panic attacks, fear the fear itself and avoid situations where panic has struck before
Agrophobia

Characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts(obsessions) or actions (compulsions)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

When does OCD cross the line b/w normal and disorder?
When they persistently interfere with everyday life

haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, anxiety, insomnia for 4 weeks or more
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

old names for PTSD
shell shock , battle fatigue

Link b/w general anxiety and conditioned fear
Fear conditioning

(ex) fear of all dogs
Stimulus generalization

direct experience of fear conditioning
observational learning

How anxiety disorders have passed down from our biological ancestors
1. Natural selection: humans fear the fear faced by our ancestors
2. Genes: discovered genes related to anxiety disorders

2 neurotransmitters might be involved in anxiety`
Anxiety gene: serotonin
Alarm gene: glutamate

characterized by emotional experiences
Mood Disorders

biological reasons for depression
psychic hibernation: slows us down, lowers aggression, restrains risk taking to survive and reproduce

person experiencing absence of dugs or medical condition, feelings of worthlessness, diminished interest
Major-Depression Disorder

6 symptoms of depression
book

worked by hyper active, wildly optimistic state
Mania

person alternates b/w depression and mania
Bipolar Disorder

chronic, severe and persistent irritability in children
Disuptive mood dysregulation disorder

who is more risk for depression-men or women?
Women

what neurotransmitter is scarce during depression and overabundant during mania?
nonepinephrine

What second neurotransmitter is involved in depression?
serotonin

Why does excessive alcohol use correlate with depression?
Alcohol is a depressant

Thought patterns people with depression have
stable: I’ll neve get over this
global: It’s gonna affect everything I do
internal: it’s all my fault

disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
Schizophrenia

A mental disorder characterized by a disconnection from reality
psychosis

false beliefs, often of persecution of grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
Delusions

sensory experiences without sensory stimulation (visual, auditory)
hallucinations

emotionless state
flat effect

positive symptoms of schizophrenia (presence inappropriate behavior)
hallucinations, talk in disorganized and deluded ways, exhibits inappropriate laughter, tears, or rage

negative symptoms of schizophrenia (absence of appropriate behavior)
toneless voice, expressionless faces

neurotransmitter linked to schizophrenia
dopamine overactivity

what parts of the brain are affected by schizophrenia?
low activity in frontal lobes, shrinkage of cerebral tissue

physical symptoms without apparent physical cause
Somatic Symptom Disorder

somatic formed disorder, one or more symptoms affecting voluntary motor or sensory function
Conversion Disorder

somatic formed disorder, person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.
Illness Anxiety Disorder

A short attention span is an early warning sign of schizophrenia One cluster of personality disorders marked by anxiety is exemplified by the ________ personality disorder. avoidant WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

psychological disorder deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. WE WILL …

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* The scientific study of mental or behavioral disorders, diseases, illnesses, dysfunctions, abnormalities or problems. Deviance/Unusual – Impaired functioning with respect to expected performance (Danger to self and others) ELEMENTS OF ABNORMALITY DevianceIrrationality DistressObserver discomfort DangerViolation of moral and ideal …

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