A. Large physical body size
B. Agitated or depressed
C. Uncoordinated movements
D. Withdrawn or detached
A. talk the patient down to convince him or her to be transported.
B. ensure that the patient is in between you and an escape route.
C. have law enforcement place the patient in protective custody.
D. consider that a medical illness may be an underlying etiology.
A. ask him if he knows the date and time and when he last visited his physician.
B. ask him simple questions, such as “When did you first notice these feelings?”
C. allow him up to 30 seconds to answer a question before asking another one.
D. inquire about his medical history, including any medications that he is taking.
A. active listening.
B. definitive listening.
C. reflective listening.
D. appeasing the patient.
A. constricted pupils, drowsiness, and cool skin.
B. hypertension, tachycardia, and diaphoresis.
C. chest pain, shortness of breath, and bradycardia.
D. confusion, hypotension, and pallor.
A. patient’s size, gender, strength, and mental status.
B. type of abnormal behavior the patient is exhibiting.
C. type and dosage of medications he or she is taking.
D. force needed to protect the patient from self-injury.
A. Giving away personal possessions
B. Developing or changing a will
C. Procurement of a knife or gun
D. Taking time away from a job
A. spend minimal time at the scene and transport the patient quickly.
B. let the patient tell you what happened in his or her own words.
C. clearly identify yourself as being in charge and set ground rules.
D. qualify the patient’s hallucinations in order to gain his or her trust.
A. an individual reacts violently when faced with danger.
B. a person experiences stress without other people’s knowledge.
C. a reaction to an event interferes with daily living activities.
D. an individual suppresses feelings of anger, guilt, or depression.
A. the patient would likely aspirate if he or she vomited.
B. suctioning of the airway is not possible in this position.
C. the patient will not be able to see what is happening.
D. you cannot effectively monitor the patient’s airway.
A. Early-onset schizophrenia may be associated with brain damage.
B. Although it is a complex disorder, schizophrenia is easy to treat.
A. Hypoxia and hypercarbia
B. CNS depressant drugs
C. Chronic hyperthyroidism
D. Acute hypoglycemia
B. Hair length
C. Facial expression
D. Pulse rate
A. is under the influence of a CNS depressant drug.
B. is acutely intoxicated and verbally abusive to you.
C. refuses to allow you to begin treatment or transport.
D. presents harm to you, your partner, or bystanders.
A. History of violence
B. Physical activity
C. The patient’s posture
D. Vocal activity
A. put your hand on the patient’s arm or shoulder.
B. limit the number of personnel around the patient.
C. ask a police officer to assess the patient first.
D. have at least four personnel around the patient.
A. psychological behavioral disorder.
B. organic psychiatric disorder.
C. functional behavioral disorder.
D. psychosocial psychiatric disorder.
A. identify any life-threatening conditions.
B. frisk the patient for dangerous weapons.
C. determine if the patient is seeing a psychiatrist.
D. apply oxygen with a nonrebreathing mask.
A. behavioral emergency.
B. emotional crisis.
C. psychiatric emergency.
D. psychological crisis.
A. A 55-year-old male who experiences a panic attack after being diagnosed with cancer
B. A 41-year-old male with sadness and despair with no appreciable underlying cause
C. A 38-year-old female with depression and anxiety for at least one month’s duration
D. A 29-year-old female whose violent actions are no longer tolerated by society
A. utilize at least 3 people to effectively restrain the patient.
B. ensure that you have taken standard precautions first.
C. use significant force to effectively subdue the patient.
D. avoid talking to the patient during the restraining process.
A. Pupillary response
B. Blood glucose level
C. Baseline vital signs
D. Glasgow Coma Score
A. continue talking to him while your partner requests police backup.
B. immediately assess his blood glucose level to rule out hypoglycemia.
C. immediately restrain him to prevent him from injuring himself.
D. call for a paramedic unit so they can administer a sedative to him.
A. Death of a loved one
D. Childhood trauma
A. remain calm as you gently place your hand on her shoulder.
B. clearly identify yourself and your partner and tell her you are there to help.
C. reassure her that everything will be okay and ask her if she can walk.
D. kneel down in front of the patient and ask her what is troubling her.
A. visual hallucination.
B. visual delusion.
C. auditory hallucination.
D. auditory delusion.
A. ask the husband if she has Alzheimer disease.
B. perform serial Cincinnati Stroke Scale assessments.
C. determine the patient’s baseline mental status.
D. rule out hypoglycemia by administering glucose.
A. request a paramedic unit to chemically sedate the patient.
B. confer with a police officer before making patient contact.
C. have the police restrain the patient before you assess him.
D. enter the scene and ask a police officer about the nature of the problem.
A. how a person reacts during a violent situation.
B. the internal feelings and emotions of a person.
C. how a person responds to his or her environment.
D. a feeling of internal psychological stability.
A. given a sedative medication.
B. transported for psychiatric care.
C. subdued with soft restraints.
D. taken into police custody.
A. gain his confidence so that he consents to care.
B. allow him to refuse transport if he appears alert.
C. transport him to a specialized psychiatric facility.
D. restrain him to prevent him from injuring himself.
A. Brain injury
A. A 77-year-old male who is severely depressed over the death of his wife
B. A 55-year-old confused male with auditory and visual hallucinations
C. A 60-year-old female with a history of schizophrenia and bizarre behavior
D. A 43-year-old female who is mumbling incomprehensible words
A. duration of the substance being metabolized within the body.
B. patient’s vital signs at the time the substance was introduced.
C. AEMT’s ability to effectively communicate with the patient.
D. patient’s gender, age, and socioeconomic background.
A. notify law enforcement and transport the patient promptly.
B. provide emotional support and diagnose the problem.
C. reassure the family and contact the patient’s psychiatrist.
D. identify life-threats and reduce the stress of the situation.
A. maintaining a safe distance from the patient.
B. being honest and assuring and avoid judging.
C. having a predefined definitive plan of action.
D. spending as little time as possible at the scene.
A. tell him that he will get something to eat at the hospital.
B. not allow him to leave the area without a police escort.
C. leave the scene immediately and notify law enforcement.
A. the patient perceives.
B. is agreed upon by psychiatrists.
C. is acceptable by society.
D. your protocols dictate.
A. marital discord.
B. financial setback.
C. significant depression.