Psych modules 36-39 quizzes

Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is
preventing her from functioning effectively.

Although Adderall is a ________ drug, it is commonly used in the treatment of ________.
stimulant; ADHD

At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of
the medical model

A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is known as the
DSM-IV-TR.

After George learned that Mrs. Min suffered from schizophrenia, he mistakenly concluded that her tendencies to laugh easily and smile frequently were symptoms of her disorder. This best illustrates the
biasing power of diagnostic labels.

Ongoing patterns of behavior that interfere with normal day-to-day life are best characterized as
deviant

Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of
ADHD

An integrated understanding of psychological disorders in terms of stressful memories, evolutionary processes, and gender roles is most clearly provided by
a biopsychosocial approach.

After participants in one study were informed that a videotaped interviewee was a psychiatric patient, they characterized the person with phrases such as “a passive, dependent type” and “frightened of his own aggressive impulses.” This study best illustrated the
biasing power of diagnostic labels.

Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about
20

Lenore is unexplainably and continually tense and is plagued by muscle tension, sleeplessness, and an inability to concentrate. Lenore most likely suffers from
generalized anxiety disorder.

An immediate and irrational anxiety response to the mere sight of blood is indicative of
a specific phobia

Mrs. Swift is alarmed by her own intrusive and irrational thoughts that her house is contaminated by germs. Her experience best illustrates the agitating effects of
an obsession.

Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of
post-traumatic stress disorder.

Andrea experiences extreme anxiety when approaching any lake. Her therapist suggests that her fear results from a traumatic boat accident she experienced as a child. The therapist’s suggestion reflects a ________ perspective.
learning

Generalized anxiety disorder is often accompanied by
depression

Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of
panic disorder.

Although Mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily lengthy route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from
a phobia

Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of
obsessive-compulsive disorder.

A therapist suggests that Mr. Broshi continues to bite his fingernails because this behavior often reduced his feelings of anxiety in the past. The therapist’s suggestion most clearly reflects a ________ perspective.
learning

Elaine feels that her life is empty, has lost all interest in her career and hobbies, and wonders if she would be better off dead. She is most likely suffering from
major depressive disorder.

The experience of depression ________ risk taking and ________ aggression.
inhibits; inhibits

Between 1994 and 2003, there was a 40-fold increase in the number of people 19 and under diagnosed each year with
bipolar disorder

An overabundance of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine is most likely to be associated with
a manic episode.

Inanna suffers from chronic depression. According to the social-cognitive perspective, how is she most likely to respond when told that she performed very poorly on a test she took the previous day?
“I’m academically incompetent and always will be.”

Major depressive disorder is said to occur when signs of depression last at least
2 weeks

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman’s behavior is most indicative of
mania

Bipolar disorder is most likely to be characterized by
alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.

Which of the following has been shown to be a risk factor for future suicide attempts?
NSSI

Amanda’s therapist suggests that her depression results from mistakenly blaming herself rather than a slumping economy for her recent job loss. Her therapist’s suggestion best illustrates a
social-cognitive perspective.

Mr. James believes that people are constantly laughing at him and that FBI agents are trying to steal his life savings. Mr. James is most clearly suffering from
delusions

Which of the following best illustrates a negative symptom of schizophrenia?
social withdrawal

Catatonia is characterized by
periods of immobility or excessive, purposeless movement.

Therapeutic drugs that block dopamine receptors are most likely to reduce
hallucinations

The relationship between the season of the year in which people are born and their subsequent risk of schizophrenia best highlights the role of ________ in this disorder.
viral infections

Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from
schizophrenia

Michael complains that threatening voices are constantly telling him that he is so evil he should drown himself. Michael is experiencing
hallucinations

The chances for recovery from schizophrenia are considered to be greatest when the disorder develops
rapidly in response to a stressful life situation.

A PET scan study of people with ________ found increased activity in the amygdala.
paranoia

Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for
schizophrenia

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Because psychologists want to be precise and measure as carefully as they can, they use ________ to study psychology. scientific method Dr. Jonas wanted to determine what would happen if rats were given food every time they completed a maze. …

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