psych chapters 12 and 13

mental health therapies that involve prescribed drugs or other procedures acting directly on a patients nervous system are
biomedical therapies

of all the twins who share identical genes with a schizophrenic victim, about ________ do not themselves develop schizophrenia
one half

cognitive therapists are most likely to emphasize that emotional disturbances result from
self-blaming and overgeneralized explanations of bad events

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation shows greatest promise for the treatment of

inserting a medical instrument through each eye socket was part of a treatment known as
a lobotomy

those with a histrionic personality disorder are most likely to display
dramatic, attention-getting behaviors

in the 1950s hans eysenck challanged the effectiveness of psychotherapy because it appeared to be
no more beneficial than no treatment at all

people are more likely to recover from _____ schizophrenia than from _______ schizophrenia
acute and reactive

in terms of neurotransmitter levels depression is associated with
low norepinephrine levels and low serotonin levels

what drugs are designed to depress the central nervous system
anti anxiety

Elmer, the owner of an auto service station, suddenly began smashing the front fenders and hoods of two customers’ cars. When asked why, he excitedly explained that he was transforming the cars into “real racing machines.” When an employee tried to restrain him, he shouted that everybody was fired and quickly began breaking the car windows. Elmer is exhibiting symptoms of

the reduced self-control of murders is most closely related to reduced brain activity in their ______ lobes

a deluded scotsman daniel m’naughten tried to assassinate a government official in 1843 but was sentenced to a mental hospital rather than prison because he was judged to be

although shawn felt terribly depressed when he began psychotherapy, he was much happier by the time he had completed therapy. it would be reasonable to attribute some of his improvement to:
regression toward the mean

psychodynamic therapies try to understand patients current symptonms by focusing on recurring patterns in their

a generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by
a continuous stae of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal

To help Thor overcome his fear of giving public speeches, his therapist instructs him to relax and then to imagine speaking to a group of four people. The therapist is using
systematic desensitization

the dsm-v does not
explain the causes of the various psychological disorders

in a study by david rosenhan researchers were admitted as patients into various mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be “hearing voices” best illustrating
diagnostic labels

Episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by shortness of breath, trembling, dizziness, or heart palpitations are most characteristics of a(n):
panic disorder

a lack of conscience s most characteristic of those who have a(n) ________
antisocial personality

exhibiting two or more distinct and alternating personalities is a symptom of a
dissociative identity disorder

persuading depressed patients to reverse their catastrophizing beliefs about themselves and their futures is most characteristic of
becks cognitive therapy

The anterior cingulate cortex, a brain region that monitors our actions and checks for errors, seems especially likely to be hyperactive in those with

freud introduced

prozac zoloft and paxil are called ssris because they
slow the normal reabsorption of excess serotonin from synapses

the study of the effect of drugs on mind and behavior is called

saul frequently feels like its difficult for him to speak or swallow but because there is no apparent physical cause he appears to be suffering from
somatoform disorder

carl rogers referred to a caring, nonjudgmental attitude as
unconditional positive regard

bennys mother tries to reduce his fear of sailing by giving him his favorite candy when they board the boat, illustrating

which perspective suggests that depression is a reaction to loss and the internalization of unresolved anger towards parents

praising socially withdrawn children when they have eye contact with others and ignoring them after a temper tantrum best illustrates an application of
operant conditioning

Carl Rogers encouraged client-centered therapies to __________ during the process of therapy.
genuinely express their own true feelings

psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is
deviant, distressful, & dysfunctional behavior patterns

flat affect and catatonia are symptoms most closely associated with

Dr Jackson reinforces depressed patients for their participation in pleasant activities and trains them to take increasingly more credit for the rewards they gain from engaging in those activities. Dr Jackson’s treatment approach best illustrates
cognitive behavior therapy

an incapacitating and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed in the presence of others is most characteristic of
social phobia

drugs that alleviate mania tend to reduce levels of the neurotransmitter

newer atypical anti psychotics, such as clozril, target both
dopamine and serotonin receptors

drugs that alleviate mania tend to reduce levels of the neurotransmitter

psychoanalytic techniques are designed primarily to help patients
become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses

in one treatment for bed-wetting, the child sleeps on a liquid-sensitive pad that when wet, triggers an alarm awakens the child. this treatment is a form of
behavior therapy

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Emotion Complex psychological state that involves three distinct components: a subjective experience, a physiological response, and a behavioral or expressive response Mood Involves a milder emotional state that is more general and pervasive, such as gloominess or contentment WE WILL …

Acetylcholine (ACH) -Usually stimulates neuron firing -Responsible for: action of muscles, learning, and memory -Defiency of this causes Alzheimer’s GABA -keeps neurons from firing -Found in the Central Nervous System -Low levels of this neurotransmitter are linked with anxiety WE …

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