Psych Chapter 1-2nd

Cognitive
Dr. von Waldner conducts research on depression. His hypothesis is that depression results from maladaptive thought patterns. From which perspective is von Waldner working?

Psychodynami
Which perspective in psychology would suggest that obesity is related to unresolved childhood needs for love and support?

is learned when it is rewarded by the environment.
A researcher adhering to the behavioral perspective would likely believe that aggression

b) Humanist
You alone know what is good for you,” said Dr. Philips, “You need to make a conscious choice to change your behavior and start being true to your self.” Dr. Philips most likely subscribes to which psychological perspective?

Dr. Lightman, who says, “I believe that early learning experiences have shaped my actions as an adult.”
You eavesdrop as several psychologists eat lunch together. After reading the first chapter in your psychology textbook, you can correctly identify which psychologist as a behaviorist?

a) represents anger turned inward.
A researcher adhering to the psychodynamic perspective would likely believe that depression

d) Can a lack of purpose influence a person’s depression?
61. As a humanist, Dr. Randall is most likely interested in which of the following questions?

d) is almost always associated with universities or government agencies.
63. The difference between basic and applied research is that only basic research

a) teach at colleges and universities.
64. Most psychologists

Ph.D.
What is the graduate degree most commonly earned by psychologists?

Clinical
Which subspecialty represents the largest group of psychologists?

Experimental
Of the following subspecialties in psychology, which is LEAST likely to focus on applied research?

practitioner; research
The Psy.D. degree is appropriate for those who wish to focus more on ________ skills than on ________ skills.

Clinical psychologists
Which of the following play a professional role that most closely approximates that of psychiatrists

administer an intelligence test to a twelve-year-old child.
A school psychologist would be most likely to

Comparative
Dr. Fiennes, a psychological researcher, studies the biological bases of memory problems in the elderly using animal research subjects. Fiennes is what type of psychologist?

Environmental
The executives of an aircraft company want to redesign the interior of their jet planes to offer passengers the most comfort within the confined space. What type of psychologists would they need to consult?

make suggestions to a manager regarding employee morale
An industrial/organizational psychologist would typically

How do children’s eating habits change as they progress from childhood through adolescence?
A developmental psychologist is most likely to study which of the following research questions?

social; personality
Dana and Leonard are being quizzed tomorrow in their elective psychology courses. Dana is studying the variables that influence initial attraction, while Leonard is studying the traits that are typical of couples in long-term relationships. Dana is most likely taking a class in ________ psychology, whereas Leonard is most likely taking a class in ________ psychology.

Health psychology
Graduate student Felicity Farraday has just completed her dissertation, which is entitled “The role of observational learning in the development of prejudice.” What is Farraday’s major in college?

effectiveness of ads that use fear to get adolescents to stop smoking.
A health psychologist might study the

Lynn, a college student, who is confused about choosing a college major
Caroline Sherry is a counseling psychologist. Which of the following is she most likely to see as a client?

School
Which type of psychologist is most likely to administer an intelligence test to a seven-year-old child who is being evaluated for placement in a special education program?

Administer intelligence tests to students
Dr. Vickers just took a position as an educational psychologist with the Blackstone School System. Of the following tasks, which is Vickers LEAST likely to perform in this position

Developmental
Which type of psychologist would most likely study such phenomena as the effects of parenting style on a child’s emotional growth?

Personality psychologists
Of the following, which psychologists would be most likely to be involved in a study that seeks to identify the common traits of people who develop a stress-related disorder?

environmental
Which type of psychologist would evaluate whether overcrowding in urban areas is associated with increased violent crimes?

a) recommend ways to improve employees’ job satisfaction.
Jean is an industrial/organizational psychologist. On her first day at Ace Manufacturing, she was LEAST surprised when management asked her to

a) Consumer
Dr. Mars is conducting research on the type of toothbrush that is most likely to appeal to young adults. Dr. Mars is most likely which of the following types of psychologists?

1892
86. The American Psychological Association was founded in which year?

senior citizens.
87. A geropsychologist is likely to spend time working mostly with

c) neuropsychologist.
Dr. Samuelson conducts research on the relationship between stroke and speech problems. He is probably a(n)

a) Social psychologist
89. Which type of psychologist would be most interested in memory loss in elderly individuals?

b) Forensic
Dr. Starling works with the FBI to develop personality profiles of rapists. Dr. Starling is probably what type of psychologist?

b) Forensic
A consultant who advises defense attorneys regarding what their accused client should wear in court is likely to be what type of psychologist?

b) She was the first female president of the American Psychological Association.
b) Forensic

a) Kenneth Clark
93. Who is the only African American to have served as president of the American Psychological Association?

b) Margaret Floy Washburn
94. Who was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in psychology in the United States?

Richard Suinn
Which psychology pioneer(s) conducted the study that showed that African American preschoolers preferred playing with a white doll to playing with a black doll?

a) Kenneth Clark; Mamie Clark
The first African American to receive a doctorate in psychology in the United States was ________, and the first African American to publish research findings in a major U.S. psychology journal was ________.

a) Kenneth and Mamie Clark
Whose work played an important role in the U.S. Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas?

b) The gender shift in psychology is happening at a faster rate than it is in medicine and law.
does the gender shift in psychology compare with the gender shifts in law and medicine?

About 85 percent
White Americans of European background account for what percentage of psychologists with Ph.D.s?

70 percent
Women account for approximately what percentage of Ph.D. recipients in psychology?

c) empirical approach.
A method of developing knowledge based on the evaluation of evidence from experiments and careful observation is called the

e) control events.
104. The goals of psychology are to describe, predict, explain, and

inference
A conclusion drawn from an observation is referred to as a(n)

explanations that organize observations and account for the relationships among them.
Theories are

Control
The use of psychotherapy to help people deal with depression is an example of which goal of psychology?

empiricism the view that knowledge comes from experience and that science, therefore, should come from experimentation and observation structuralism school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elements of the mind WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

Who used the method of introspection to scientifically basic elements of mind? Edward Titchener The self-reflective observation of one’s own sensations and feelings is called… introspection WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR …

A placebo effect would be most likely to account for changes in pain intensity A psychoananlyst would look for the causes of a person’s disorcer in the person;s unconscious mind WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

neuroscience Professor Lopez believes that severe depression results primarily from an imbalanced diet and abnormal brain chemistry. Professor Lopez favors a ________ perspective on depression. neuroscience psychodynamic behavior genetics cognitive psychodynamic Mrs. Alfieri believes that her husband’s angry outbursts against …

Psychological Disorder A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, and behavior Medical Model The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, …

low norepinephrine levels and low serotonin levels. In terms of neurotransmitter levels, depression is associated with depression The number one reason people seek mental health services is WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

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