Psych 8B test questions

pupil contraction
which of the following is not one of the basic components of emotion indentified in the text

simultaneous w/ arousal
according to the cannon-bard theory, the experience of emotion

sympathetic nervous system is related to the cortex.
according to the cannon-bard theory, body arousal is related to the subjective awareness of emotion in the same way the

neither (non of the above
according to the cannon-bard theory of emotion

2 factor theory
which theory states that emotion results from the cognitive labeling of our physiological arousal

experience of emotion grows by body emotion
both the james- lange and the two-factor theories of emotion maintain that

2 factor theory
When students perceive the arousal that accompanies test-taking as energizing rather than debilitating, they experience much less anxiety. This is best understood in terms of the:

2 factor theory
Vaseem experienced excessive fear while flying b/c he interpreted his rapid heart rate, shallow breathing, and heavy perspiration as a reaction to the imminent danger of a plane crash. When his shrink convinced him that this physical arousal was simply a harmless reaction to acceleration, cabin pressure, and confined space, his fear of flying was greatly reduced. The reduction in vaseem’s fear is best understood in terms of the

increase in blood sugar levels
An inexperienced pilot prepares for an emergency landing after her single engine plane loses power. Her emotional arousal is likely to be accompanied by

epinephrine
During a state of emotional arousal, the adrenal glands release ____into the bloodstream.

Sympathetic Nervous System
Which division of the nervous system arouses the body and movilise its energy in emotionally stressful situations

Sympathetic Nervous System (fight or flight)
walking home from work late one night, jaydra suddenly hears footstops behind her:

Parasympathetic Nervous System
Turning in at her street domique saw six fire trucks in front of her apartment building. Her heart eat wildy until someone yelled “just a false alarm”:

Slows heart rate and accelerates digestion.
activation of the parasympathetic nervous system

higher on well learned tasked
the level of arousal typically associated with optimal performance tends to be

do well ____moderate.
43. Lillian will be taking an entrance exam for law school this afternoon. She is likely to ____ on the exam if her physiological arousal is

enhance_____interfere
Nicholas, a high school junior is on both the track and golf teams. A high level of physiological arousal is likely to ______his running the 100-meter dash and

pattern automatic arousal
the emotions of anger and fear involve similar

amygdala
Observers watching fearful faces show more brain activity in the

bicycle
relatively high levels of physiological arousal would be most likely to improve performance in a

different emotions involve different activation of different brain circuits
research on the physiological states accompanying specific emotions indicates that

right frontal lobe activation is to left frontal lobe activation.
Emotional disgust is to emotional delight as

pleasure
a small cluster of neurons, the nucleus accumbens, is highly active when people experience

James Lanch
which theory would be most threatened by evidence that highly similar patterns of physiological activity are associated with uniquely different emotional states:

Cannon Bear
evidence that neck-level spinal cord injuries reduce the intensity with which people experience certain emotions most directly refutes the

higher_____decrease
hohmann discovered that the _______an individual’s spinal cord injury, the more feelings of anger tended to______in intensity following

heart rate
54. polygraph measures the changes in ____that accompany emotion_

anxiety, irritation and guilty feeling…
one problem with the use of polygraph for lie detection is that

error 1/3 of the time
research on the accuracy of lie detector tests indicate that they

relation deprivation
Although newspaper reported that a murder victim had been stabbed with a knife, two police investigators knew that the actual murder weapon was a letter opener. While carefully monitoring the changes in heart rate and perspiration level of a prime suspect, the investigators asked him I he typically used a letter opener on his mail the investigators were making use of the

innocent victims are seldom judged guilty
when guilty knowledge tests are used with enough specific probes

increase ______decrease
when an organism’s weight falls below its set point, the organism is likely to experience a______in hunger and a ______ in its basal metabolic rate

Two Factor Theory
Astrid was emotionally aroused by a TV horror movie. She became extremely angry when her younger brother momentarily blocked her view of the screen. When her movie viewing was interrupted by a phone call from her boyfriend however, she experienced

US Secret Service
University students who watched either an enjoyable or an emotionally upsetting film were instructed to talk and act as if they were enjoying the film. Of the following groups, which was best at detecting whether students were lying about their true emotions:

same throughout the world
the facial expressions associated with particular emotions are

facial expression
As a member of the diplomatic corps, Alex was given special training in the customs, language, and religion of the third world country where he would be living. However, Alex probably needed little training to correctly interpret his host’s expressions of emotion

Charles Darwin
who suggested that a sneer retains elements of baring one’s teeth so as to threaten predators

Individuality
North Americans are more likely than Japanese citizens to display their feelings openly. This cultural difference best reflects the American culture’s greater emphasis on

James Lanch
the suggestion that a happy face creates a merry soul is most consistent with th

increasing intense feelings of fear
If you grimace in fear while taking a difficult exam, this facial expression is likely to causes you to experience

facial feed back
researchers have found that people experience cartoons as more amusing while holding a pen with their teeth than while holding it with their lips:

faster heart rate
students who made a pained facial expression when they observed someone apparently received an electric shock experienced

low
the emotion of sadness is characterized by negative valence and

learn to fear things naturally painful, traumatic experience
people are fearful of so many different objects and events because

observational learning
in experiments with adult monkeys who were fearful of snakes and their offspring who were not, susan mineka discovered that:

Emygdala
which brain structure has been found to be especially important in learning to fear specific objects

genetic predispositions
individual differences in temperament suggests that the exp

Which of the following most accurately describes emotional arousal? A) Emotions are voluntary reactions to emotion-arousing stimuli. B) Because all emotions have the same physiological basis, emotions are primarily psychological events. C) Emotional arousal is always accompanied by cognition. D) …

Activation of the sympathetic nervous system decreases salivation and increases blood pressure. If people who have just been aroused by watching rock videos are then insulted, their feelings of anger will be greater than those of people who have been …

C 1. Although instincts are not common to humans, which of these can be considered an innate tendency for human infants? A. grabbing a bottle B. learning a language C. rooting and sucking D. being potty trained C 2. Few …

The arousal level can be thought of as how much capacity you have available to work with. The concept of arousal relates to the activities of the ANS, this is also known as the Automatic Nervous System. The automatic nervous …

Nicole’s mother is terribly afraid of snakes. Although Nicole has never actually seen a snake, she has an intense fear of snakes and refuses to walk in the grass because of how much her mother has warned her about them. …

motivation a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. (p. 404) instinct a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned. (p. 404) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR …

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