PSY Final

Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is:
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional.

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are major symptoms of:
ADHD.

The DSM-IV does not:
explain the causes of the various psychological disorders.

When children are told that certain classmates are learning disabled, they may behave in ways that inhibit the success of these students in the classroom. This best illustrates the dangers of:
self-fulfilling prophecies.

A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by:
a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal.

In comparison to generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder is characterized by periods of distress that are:
more intense and less prolonged.

An immediate and irrational anxiety response to the mere sight of blood is indicative of:
a specific phobia.

Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult is indicative of:
agoraphobia.

Obsessions are:
offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.

A traumatic experience may trigger a lasting phobia in a child with a sensitive, high-strung temperament. The same experience, however, may have no long-term impact on a child with a more relaxed temperament. This best illustrates the role of ________ in the development of phobias.
genetic predispositions

Those with an avoidant personality disorder are most likely to display:
fear of social rejection.

A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by:
feelings of personal worthlessness.

A disorder in which an individual is overexcited, hyperactive, and wildly optimistic is known as:
mania.

Which perspective suggests that depression is a reaction to loss and the internalization of unresolved anger toward parents?
. psychoanalytic

Drugs that alleviate mania tend to reduce levels of the neurotransmitter:
norepinephrine.

People who suffer chronic depression are at high risk for experiencing:
social rejection.

One of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia is:
an expressionless face.

Delusions of persecution are most common among those with ________ schizophrenia.
paranoid

n which type of disorder is a person’s speech likely to be so full of unrelated words and phrases that it could be characterized as a “word salad”?
schizophrenia

A breakdown in selective attention is most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from:
schizophrenia.

The onset of schizophrenia is typically associated with early:
adulthood.

Schizophrenia is associated with an excess of receptors for:
dopamine.

Low birth weight is a known risk factor for:
schizophrenia.

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Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is A. also noticeable in other members of her family. B. preventing her from functioning …

Psychiatrist and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is______. Ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, or disfunction. Ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, or disfunction are best characterized as …

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