Psy Chapter 14

The acronym “DSM-IV-TR” stands for:
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision

Mood disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure.
Major depressive disorder (mood disorders)

Major depressive disorder (mood disorders)
feeling sadness; ,ore prevalent in women.

(formerly known as manic-depressive disorder) Mood disorder marked by the experience of both depressed and manic periods.
Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder
mania; depression

A class of psychological disorders marked by disturbances in thought that spill over to affect perceptual, social, and emotional processes.
Schizophrenic disorders

Sensory perceptions that occur in the absence of a real, external stimulus. (usually auditory hearing voices)
Hallucinations

False beliefs that are maintained even though they are clearly out of touch with reality.
Delusions

Types of delusions:
Persecution (believes that smn gonna get him);
Grandeur (believe that they r famous)

Biological factors that cause schizophrenia
Dopamine hypothesis; genetic tendencies; brain structure/functioning

A type of dissociative disorder characterized by the coexistence in one person of two or more largely complete, and usually very different, personalities. (Even IQ may change after a stress) Kirkorov
Dissociative identity disorder (DID)

A somatoform disorder characterized by a signicant loss of physical function (with no apparent organic basis), usually in a single organ system.
Conversion disorder

A fear of going out to public places.
Agoraphobia

A type of personality disorder marked by impulsive, callous, manipulative, aggressive, and irresponsible behavior that reects a failure to accept social norms.
Antisocial personality disorder

A type of anxiety disorder marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger.
phobic disorder

A type of anxiety disorder marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions).
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

A psychological disorder marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specic threat.
Generalized anxiety disorder

A type of anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly.
Panic disorder

The percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specied time period.
Prevalence

Bipolar disorder used to be officially called _____ and is still often referred to by that term.
Manic depressions

Janet is convinced that she has one or more serious illnesses. Because of her many physical complaints and symptoms, Janet has undergone various surgeries and diagnostic procedures. In every case, her doctors said she was perfectly healthy and that the symptoms were probably due to her imagination. Which of the following psychological disorders does Janet most likely have?
hypochondriasis

Paul’s girlfriend is very concerned about him because his thinking seems to have become increasingly confused. Today, Paul said that he was really the reincarnation of John Lennon, the former member of the Beatles who was shot and killed in 1980. Paul also told her that he had special musical powers and that he needed to start his own rock group so that he could deliver his message to the masses. Paul seems to be experiencing:
delusions of grandeur.

Ruth was hospitalized after a concerned coworker went to her house to find out why Ruth had unexpectedly failed to show up at work. When the coworker peered through a window, she saw Ruth standing motionless in the middle of her living room, much like a mannequin. Ruth appears to be experiencing the _____ type of schizophrenia.
catatonic

A(n) _____ disorder is diagnosed when disruptions in personal identity, awareness, or memory are extreme, frequent, and seriously impair the ability to function in everyday life.
dissociative

An unpleasant emotional state that involves feelings of worry, dread, apprehension, and tension, along with heightened physical arousal, is called:
anxiety

Antidepressant medications are often used in the treatment of major depression. In general, these medications work by:
increasing brain levels of serotonin and norepinephrine.

In the last three days, Doug has become progressively more energetic and euphoric. He has been sleeping no more than an hour or two per night, but he seems to have unlimited energy. Doug is inappropriately self-confident as he veers from one grandiose idea to another in his plans to become rich and famous. Doug appears to be experiencing:
a manic episode.

Which of the following personality disorders is most likely to be self-destructive and threaten to self-mutilate or commit suicide?
borderline

Research has shown that both major depression and bipolar disorder:
tend to run in families.

Peter has a pervasive mistrust and suspiciousness of others. These characteristics are the defining features of the _____ personality disorder.
paranoid

Which of the personality disorders is also referred to as a psychopath?
antisocial

People with personality disorders:
often display the characteristics of their personality disorder by the adolescent or early adult years.

Philip has been hospitalized for an episode of schizophrenia. He believes that secret agents are bombing his brain with gamma rays, and he sometimes sees grotesque creatures climbing on the wall of his hospital room. Philip’s symptoms are referred to as _____ symptoms of schizophrenia.
positive

The onset of schizophrenia:
typically occurs during early adulthood.

Uncontrollable thoughts and worries are to _____ as uncontrollable behaviors are to _____.
obsessions; compulsions

Which of the following medications is commonly used to help control the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
lithium

Because the anxiety can be attached to virtually any object or to none at all, generalized anxiety is sometimes referred to as:
free-floating anxiety.

dopamine hypothesis
Theory that schizophrenia is caused by an excess amount of dopamine in the brain. Research has found that medication to reduce dopamine can reduce the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

As mentioned, there are type I and type II bipolar disorders, with the first type exhibiting both major depressive and major manic episodes, and with the second type exhibiting major depressive and minor manic episodes. There is also, as briefly …

The perspective that symptoms of a mental disorder lead to a diagnosis that illuminates both the underlying cause and a cure for the disorder is referred to in the text as A. medical model B. double-blind design C. logical approach …

A serious criticism of the ____ model is that the patient becomes a passive recipient of treatment. Medical A person who feels euphoric and hyperactive may be experiencing A manic episode WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

Psychiatrist and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is______. Ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, or disfunction. Ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, or disfunction are best characterized as …

Individuals who have bipolar disorder go through different periods of moods that are dictated by time. At one point, they may seem to be in a deep depression and exhibit most or all of the symptoms of depressive disorder. Then, …

Behavioral theorists link depression to learned helplessness. Scott experiences vast mood swings ranging from depression on one end of the spectrum to episodes when he feels euphoric and has so much energy that he can’t sleep. Scott is suffering from …

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