PSY Chap 1: Pretest

Watson believe that behavior
is learned

Freud belived personality was formed
in first 6 years of life

John Watson believed that phobias
are learned through the process of conditioning

The psychological perspective that is associate with William James is
Funtionalism

a guideline for doing research with people is that
participants must be allowed to make an informed decision about participation

Researchers who allow their expectaions about what they will see to affect the results of their observation studies are suffering from
observer bias

If a correlation coefficient is positive
the two variables increase in the same direction

Researchers use__ for reducing bias and error in the measurement of data
the scientific method

Correlation will tell researchers __between variables
if there is a relationship , how strong, and what direction the relationship goes

Experimenters control the effects of extraneous or confounding variables upon members of experimental and control groups by using
random assignment

Mary is a psychologist who focuses on the role of the conscious and unconscious minds. to which perspective does Mary ascribe
psychodynamic

__focuses on how people think remember store and use information
cognitive psychology

Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis
is still used by professionals today with less emphasis on sex and sexual motivation

A drug company is determining the effects of a treatment for depression. Neither the researcher nor the participants know who is getting the treatment and who is given a sugar pill. this type of study is.
double blind

Mrs Lewis participated in a study in which she was given no treatment for her condition. Mrs Lewis was in the __ group
control

Dr. Jonas wanted to determine what would happen if rats were given food every time they completed a maze. He believed they would learn to complete the maze faster. This belief is called
a prediction

illustrates psychology’s goal of control by
using rewards to help a smoker give up cigarettes

Anna is 45 years old and is suffering from hot flashes and extreme moodiness. From an __ perspective Anna’s symptoms can be attributed to menopause
biopsychological

Mrs’Connor participated in a study in which she was told she would try out a new allergy medicine. she was in the group that received a sugar pill, but she believed that the pill did indeed help control her allergy symptoms. This phenomenon is known as
the placebo effect

Sasha sat in the preschool classroom and watch the children play writing down how well they interacted with each other. The children could see that Sasha was watching them, so they made an attempt to be extra well behaved for her. Sasha’s research will be impacted by
the observer effect

When Mary took the survey in the mall she noticed that the interviewer was wearing an Obama button. She answered the questions more favorably toward Obama than she might otherwise have, probably because of
courtesy bias

A researcher wants to describe children’s normal behavior on the playground. The best method for this research is to use
naturalistic observation

Dr Edwards wants to show a casual relationship between tobacco smoking and cancer Dr. Edwards should
conduct an experiment using animals participants

Because psychologists want to be precise and measure as carefully as they can, they use__ to study psychology
the scientific method

A__ has a medical degree and is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
psychiatrist

Because psychologists want to be precise and measure as carefully as they can, they use ________ to study psychology. scientific method Dr. Jonas wanted to determine what would happen if rats were given food every time they completed a maze. …

Researchers use___ for reducing bias and error in the measurement of data scientific method an institutional review board reviews: a study’s safety and consideration for the research participants WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR …

The perspective that symptoms of a mental disorder lead to a diagnosis that illuminates both the underlying cause and a cure for the disorder is referred to in the text as A. medical model B. double-blind design C. logical approach …

the use of cocaine by members of the general public in europe was initially in the form of drinks, such as coca wine Dr. W.S Halsted the father of american surgery, experimented with cocaine’s ability to produce local anesthesia WE …

Utilization of participant observation (PO) is one of the most effective method in studying crowd behavior in response to a particular intervention or action. But despite of this fact, participant observation is a method that is not free of research …

in addition to neurons, the brain contains an even larger number of another cell type known as glia which of these is not one of the four important regions found in every neuron? glia WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

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