PSY 121 Chapter 13 Post-Test

While treating a child with a fear of swimming, the therapist first approaches the water, then touches the water, then stands in the water waist-deep, and finally floats in the water. The therapist then repeats the steps with the child. This is an example of
participant modeling.

Steve tells his therapist that he has been feeling very restless and worried lately. The therapist restates Steve’s concern, “So, you’ve been worried recently, and you’ve been feeling quite restless too?” The therapist is using a technique called
reflection.

Meredith tells her therapist, Dr. Shepherd, that her mother recently died and she’s been experiencing suicidal thoughts. Dr. Shepherd responds by explaining that he can imagine that she must be feeling angry and abandoned. Dr. Shepherd is displaying ______, a key element in person-centered therapy.
empathy

Dr. Stevens is treating a client with depression. During their sessions together, Dr. Stevens focuses on the client’s relationships with friends, family, and coworkers, as well as how the everyday events of the client’s life affect his mood. Dr. Stevens is using ______ to treat his client.
interpersonal psychotherapy

Steve and Sally are constantly arguing about how to discipline the children. Consequently, the children are “out of control,” because they don’t listen to or respect their parents, they are failing their classes, and they are often in trouble for aggressive behavior. Steve and Sally’s therapist recommended they try ______ and meet as a family to work out their relationship issues.
family counseling

The goal of most psychotherapy is
to help both mentally healthy and psychologically disordered persons understand themselves better.

Early treatments such as bloodletting, beatings, ice baths, and induced vomiting were all methods used to
cleanse the body of physical impurities so that the person’s mind and soul could function more perfectly.

Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage to group therapy?
A lack of privacy may make people feel reluctant to speak freely and honestly.

Which of the following is an advantage of group therapy?
Fostering confrontation for people to transfer their hostilities in a safe environment.

In behavior therapy, the reduction of the undesired behavior is
easy to measure, but gaining insights, feelings of control, and self-worth are not easily evaluated.

The two kinds of psychotherapy are ______, in which the main goal is helping people to gain insight with respect to their behavior, thoughts, and feelings, and _______, in which the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly.
insight therapy; action therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy may be used to treat
suicidal depression.

Because interpersonal psychotherapy combines psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and humanistic therapies, it is considered to be a(n) ______ method of treatment.
eclectic

In ______, no one person is seen as the problem.
family therapy

An estimated _______ of people feel that psychotherapy has helped them.
75-90 percent

Who questioned whether psychotherapy really works?
Hans Eysenck

A therapy style in which the therapist remains relatively neutral is ______ therapy.
nondirective

One of the key elements of person-centered therapy is _____, which is the genuine, open, and honest response of the therapist to the client.
authenticity

Distortions of thinking in which a person blows a negative event out of proportion while ignoring relevant positive events is called
magnification and minimization.

Phillipe Pinel is known for
personally unchaining the inmates at an asylum in Paris.

_______ seem(s) to work better in group settings than psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral therapies.
Behavior therapies

Rather than focusing on unconscious, hidden conflicts, humanistic theorists focus on
conscious, subjective experiences of emotion and people’s sense of self.

Which of the following therapists would use leading questions and planned experiences, such as role-playing, in therapy sessions?
Gestalt therapists

______ is a technique in which the patient is encouraged to talk about anything that comes to mind without fear of negative evaluations.
Free association

______ can be useful to treat disorders such as phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders by pairing a stimulus that normally causes an unwanted response with a new, neutral stimulus.
Classical conditioning

Behavioral theorists link depression to learned helplessness. Scott experiences vast mood swings ranging from depression on one end of the spectrum to episodes when he feels euphoric and has so much energy that he can’t sleep. Scott is suffering from …

Humanistic Therapy Therapy that can be impractical in the treatment of people with severe mental disorders in which they are not verbally expressive. Ideal self According to humanistic therapists, the closer a person’s real self and _____ match, the happier …

A patient develops atelectasis from pressure exerted by a tumor. Which type of atelectasis is the patient experiencing? Absorption Perfusion Surfactant impairment Compression Compression Which assessment finding will indicate the patient is experiencing primary pulmonary hypertension? Lip lesions Hoarseness Mean …

Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is: deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional (the 3 Ds) The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result from syphilis infections facilitated the credibility of the: medical model WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

The use of hypnosis in psychotherapy has evolved in the ideas on psychotherapy change following historical events and changes in psychological theories. As a matter of fact, only in recent years hypnosis has grown as a medical specialty. This is …

In gestalt therapy, the most essential aspect is awareness and not dictating what behavior a client should or should not take. The clinician is merely a figure who takes the client through the many choices of behavior that she/he would …

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