euglena
Kingdom Protista, Phylum Euglenophyta; both heterotrophic and autotrophic

flagellum
long whippy structure that acts like a little motor

anterior
front end

reservoir
inward pocket where the flagellum is attached

chloroplasts
trap sunlight that is used for photosynthesis

eyespot
detects light

pellicle
ouside the cell membrane; helps euglena keep its shape

contractile vacuole
organelle that removes excess water

amoeba
Kingdom Protista

protists
microscopic unicellular organisms that don’t fit into the other kingdoms; classified by how they move

protozoans
animal-like protists

cilia
tiny hair-like projections

pseudopodia
false foot (stretching cytoplasm)

endoplasm
darker cytoplasm toward the interior of the protozoan (amoeba)

ectoplasm
clearer cytoplasm found near the cell membrane in amoeba

phagocytosis
pseudopodia extend out and wrap around a food particle

food vacuole
digests food taken in by phagocytosis

cyst
hard-walled body formed during unfavorable conditions

Disease caused by amoeba?
Amebic Dysentery–digestive probs

How are protists classified?
animal-like, plant-like, fungus-like

paramecium
found in fresh and marine water containing bacteria and decaying organic matter

posterior
end

oral groove
leads inward to gullet and eventually mouth

gullet
the “throat”

Paramecia have ___ nuclei
2 –the macronucleus and the micronucleus

macronucleus
relatively large and located near the center of the organism; controls most of the metabolic functions

micronucleus
lies partly within a depression on the oral-goove side of the macronucleus and is involved primarily in reproductive and hereditary functions

lyse
organelle to pump out excess water so paramecia don’t burst

radiating canals
collect water from surrounding cytoplasm

osmoregulation
contractile vacuoles perform this function; controls water levels in cell

What is the funnel like depression on the pellicle of a paramecium called?
oral groove

trichosysts
paramecia use ’em as defense structures; located at the base of the cilia

What organelle is used to remove excess water in protozoa?
contractile vacuole

Which protist moves the fastest
paramecium

What do amoeba and paramecium live?
pond water

The word “amoeba” means:
to change

Kingdom and Phylum of paramecia?
Kingdom Protista, Phylum ciliophora

An illness caused by a protist?
malaria

Example of autotrophic plant-like protist?
algae

Sexual reproduction in paramecium is called?
conjugation

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