Principles of Pharmacology Chapter 30

Excretion
Action by which a drug leaves the body.

Absorption
The action by which the body takes in or receives a drug.

Superscription
Patient’s name, address, date, and the Rx on the prescription.

Systemic
Relates to a drug that affects a specific system of the body.

Dose
A specified quantity or volume of a drug or medicine.

Drug
A substance that is used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease.

Distribution
Process or action of a drug when it is released through the body.

Signature
Refers to a specific instructions on a prescription about how to take a prescribed medicine.

Dosage
Amount of drug to be administered according to time and specific body weight.

Patent drug
A drug that can be obtained without a prescription (over the counter).

Pharmocology
Science of drugs.

Prescription
Is a written order to the pharmacist for a specific drug.

Antibiotic prophylaxis
A patient may be prescribed for the prevention of ineffective endocarditis.

Subscription
Directions provided to the pharmacist for mixing a specific medication.

Generic
Drug that will not have a brand name or a trademark.

Plants, animals, and laboratories
Drugs come from…

Brand name
What type of drug name is Advil?

Oral
Slowest route of absorption of a drug.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Responsible for regulating the sale of medicines.

Oral surgeon; General dentist
Within the dental profession, who can prescribe drugs to a patient?

Superscription
What part of a prescription includes the name and the quality of the drug?

Under the tongue
Medication placed sublingually refers to…

Under the skin
By which route is a subcutaneous injection given?

IV
What Schedule of a drug is Tylenol and codeine?

Adverse effect
What term is used to describe the body’s negative reaction to a drug?

Pain relief
An analgesic would be prescribed for…

Erythromycin
What is an example of an antibiotic?

Coumadin
A drug that is prescribed to slow the clotting of blood.

Sudafed
May be taken when a patient has a cold.

High potential for abuse
Main reason that Ritalin is considered a Schedule II drug.

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