President Hoover’s response to Great Depression/WWII 1931-1945

Bonus Army-
WWI veterans who marched to Washington DC to demand early payment of a promised bonus; police and army troops force them out at gunpoint.

President Hoover’s response to the Depression-
Opposed direct federal government relief to poor and thought state and local government should provide. , Reconstruction Finance Corporation , encouraged public works at state and local level.

Roosevelt’s “New Deal,” policy-
Name of Roosevelt’s policies to end the depression, that advocated more federal government response to the depression.

First New Deal- 1933-1935
Civilian Conservation Corp, Tennessee Valley Authority, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp, Securities and Exchange Commission,

Second New Deal-
Works Progress Administration, Rural Electrification Adm. , Social Securities Act.

Causes of WWII:
Rise of dictators in Europe (Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin) due to Treaty of Versailles and economic depression, Fascism, and Totalitarianism.

Munich Conference:
Leaders of Britain, France, Italy meet and give in to Hitler’s demands for the Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia)

Giving concessions in exchange for war

Importance of the New Deal-
Created a “safety net,” for Americans and larger role for government in our lives.

American Neutrality
Neutrality Act 1935, Neutrality Act 1939 (cash and carry), Lend-Lease Act 1940.

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt Democratic president who created the New Deal to counter the effects of the Great Depression New Deal A collection of multiple programs started to end the Great Depression passed by Franklin Roosevelt; some of these programs included …

Public Works set up state a local building projects to help employ people Reconstruction Finance Coorporation gave federal loans to businesses, in exchange, the businness would hire workers; supported Hoover’s “Trickle Down Theory”. Didn’t work WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

How did the liberalism of FDR’s New Deal on earlier progressive ideas and transformed the United States into a limited Welfare State. It completely redefined the relationship between government and economy forever, government boards regulated business, wages, and hours ; …

Nye Committee investigated arms manufacturers and bankers of World War I, claimed they caused entry into the war for financial reasons, public opinion pushed congress to pass the Neutrality Acts Stimson Doctrine declared in a note to Japan and China …

Agricultural adjustment act: paid farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land, purpose: reduce crop surplus to raise the value of crops, created Agricultural Adjustment Administration, only pertained to 7 crops AAA (recovery) Civilian Conservation Corps: roosevelt gathered nations …

Hoover • He succeeded Coolidge in 1929 • Emphasized that the country’s growth and need to continue laissez-faire Republican strategies that had led to the booming growth of the late 20s • Hoover thought Americans should depend on what he …

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