prd1: circulatory review

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what is another name for deoxygenated blood?
pulmonary (r) circuit
(>D2

what is another name for oxygenated blood?
systemic (l) circuit
(CO2)
takes to all body systems

what are the 4 chambers in the heart?
R & L atrium
R & L ventricle

list the 5 vessels in the heart.
ARTERIES (away) -> ARTERIOLES (oxygenated blood) -> CAPILLARIES (exchange of gas) -> VENULES (deoxygenated blood) -> VEINS (to)

name the 2 semilunar valves and 2 atrioventricular valve.
-tricuspid valve,
-bicuspid/mitral valve,
-pulmonary semilunar valve,
-aortic semilunar valve

what type of tissue is blood? Give descriptions of the tissue.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE= in which living blood cells (formed elements) are suspended in a non-living fluid matrix called plasma

what is the solid part of blood?
cells

what is the liquid part of liquid?
plasma

*distribution substances, *regulating blood levels of particular substances,
*protecting the body …?
functions of blood

what nutrients does blood carry?
plasma & formed elements

what waste products are carried via the blood?
metabolic (carbon dioxide)

is blood acidic or basic?
basic; between 7.35 and 7.45

whole blood: is ___% plasma.
50

whole blood: is ___% formed elements.
45

What is the appearance of a red blood cell?
-small cells
-shape like biconcave flattened dics
-appear light in color at thin cent
-look like a miniature doughnut

In whole blood, what is the ratio of RBC: WBC?
RBC have more than WBC

What hormone stimulates the production of RBC?
Erythropoietin

What could it mean of you have a high WBC count?
You’re sick

What is the result of a megakaryocyte rupturing?
Platelets (clotting)

Describe ERYTHROCYTE, the solid components of blood.
Carry oxygen

Describe THROMBOCYTE, the solid components of blood.
Platelets; clotting

Describe LEUKOCYTES, the solid components of blood.
Fight off infection

Where does hemopoiesis/hematopoiesis occur?
Within marrow of long bones

What stem cell gives rise to RBC/WBC/PLATELETS?,
Hemocytoblast

What stem cell gives rise to B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes?
Hemocytoblast

What is the scientific term for clotting (stoppage of bleeding)
Hemostasis

*vascular spasm,
*platelet plug formation
*coagulation …?
process of hemostasis

Which is “universal recipient”?
AB

Which is “universal donor”?
O

Why is a patient considered as a “universal donor?”
Since there is no antigens on their RBCs

How could you determine if a blood sample is compatible to transfuse from one individual to another in an emergency situation, if blood typing serum is not available?
Take a small amount of blood from each individual(s) and mix it together to look for clumping

No clumping means?
Compatible

Yes clumping means?
Bad

If your blood type is “B”, which antigens are present on your red blood cells?
B antigens

If your blood type is “A”, which antigens are present on your red blood cells?
A antigens

If your blood type is “AB”, which antigens are present on your red blood cells?
AB antigens

If your blood type is “O”, which antigens are present on your red blood cells?
Neither

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart. Vein Valve between the left ventricle and aorta. Aortic valve …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Composition Blood is a fluid connective tissue composed of… -Plasma -Formed elements: erythrocytes (red blood cells), leukocytes (white blood …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What is blood formed from? Plasma and formed elements What are the three formed elements? Erythrocytes (red blood cells) …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Hematology This is the name for the study of blood. heart, blood vessels and blood The circulatory system refers …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy myths Romans viewed blood as a vital force, Ancient Egyptians to the 19th century physicians drained bad blood for …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy cells & tissues of the body are linked by blood 4 general structures of the blood 1. carries oxygen …

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