Practice Quiz on Chapter 9: Articulations

Joints can be classified structurally as ___________.
1) Bony 2) Fibrous 3) Cartilagenous 4) Synovial

The synarthrosis that bind the teeth to the bony sockets is a _________.
Gomphosis

An immoveable joint is a(n) _______________.
Synarthrosis

A synovial joint is an example of a(n) _______________________.
Diarthrosis

A ligamentous connection such as an interosseous ligament is termed a ______________.
Syndesmosis

A slightly moveable joint is a(n) _________________.
Amphiarthrosis

A suture is an example of a(n) _________________.
Synarthrosis

An epiphyseal line is an example of a ___________________.
Synostosis

An ephiphyseal plate is an example of a _______________________.
Synchondrosis

An example of a synchondrosis is the articulation of the ______________.
Ribs with the sternum

Joints in which adjacent bones are joined by a strong interosseus ligament are _______________.
Syndesmoses

The intervertebral disk joint is called a ______________.
Symphysis

A joint where bones fuse together with bone tissues is called a _____________.
Synotosis

Which of these is one of the four major types of synarthrotic joints?
1) Suture 2) Gomphosis 3) synchondrosis 4) Synostosis

Which of the following occurs when the articular cartilage is damaged?
1) The matrix begins to break down 2) The exposed surface changes to a rough feltwork 3) Friction in the joint increases 4) Normal synovial joint function is unable to continue.

Which of the following is not a function of synovial fluid?
Increases osmotic pressure within a joint.

The surface of articular cartilage is _____________.
Both slick and smooth.

Which of the following is not a property to synovial joints
covered by a secretory epithelium.

Extending the ankle is called ________________.
plantar flexion

The joint between the carpals is a/an _____________ joint.
gliding

A movement away from the midline of the body is termed ____________.
abduction

To pinch with a thumb and finger involves a movement called _______________.
opposition

A common injury to the ankle occurs by extensive turning of the sole inward, termed ______________.
inversion

The ankle joint is an example of a(n) ____________ joint
hinge

Which of the following movements is a good example of flexion?
moving the hand toward the shoulder

The joint between the trapeziuim and the metacarpal bone of the thumb is an example of a(n) ______________ joint.
saddle

Monaxial joints are known as ___________ joints.
Hinge

Which type of joint is found between the carpal bones?
Gliding

Curling into the ‘fetal position” ____________________ the intervertebral joints.
Flexes

The movements known as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion involve moving the _________.
Foot

The elbow joint is an example of a(n) ______________ joint.
Hinge

An extension past the anatomical position is known as ___________.
hyperextension

Which of the following joints is an example of a ball-and-socket joint?
Shoulder

Which foot movement enables a ballerina to stand on her toes?
plantar flexion

Which of the following movements is a good example of supination?
turning the hand palm upward

Lifting a stone with the tip of the foot is ____________.
dorsiflexion

Which of the following movements is a good example of hyperextension?
extreme bending of the head backwards

Which of the following movements is a good example of abduction?
spreading the fingers

Which of the following is a good example of depression?
opening the mouth

Nodding your head “yes” is an example of ______________.
flexion and extension

A herniated disc occurs when the _________________.
nucleus pulposus breaks through the anulus fibrosus.

The joint that permits the greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body is the ________ joint.
shoulder

All of the following statements are true, except one. Identify the exception.
The more movement a joint allows, the stronger the joint.

The “rotator cuff” of the shoulder functions to _______________.
reinforce the joint capsule and limit the range of movements.

The ligament that provides support to the front of the knee joint is the ________ ligament.
patellar

The ligaments that limit the anterior-posterior movement of the femur and maintain the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles are the ________ ligaments.
cruciate

In the knee joint, the medial and lateral menisci ____________________.
act as cushions and conform to the shape of the articulating surfaces.

The normal movement of the knee joint during walking involves ___________.
both flexion and extension.

The back of the knee joint is reinforced by ________ ligaments.
popliteal

The medial surface of the knee joint is reinforced by the ________ ligament.
tibial collateral

Factors that increase the stability of the hip joint include __________________.
1) Strong muscular padding 2) Tough capsule 3) almost complete bony socket 4) supporting ligaments.

What is a popliteal?
The back of the knee.

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A joint is where two bones meet together, and some joints allow a large movement factor where as others are slightly movable, and some allow no movement. Immovable joints also known as fibrous are all joined together by very strong …

What are the primary movements of the knee joint? The primary movements of the knee joint are flexion and extension but can also slightly rotate. What muscle groups are the most important in flexion and extension of the knee? The …

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