PQ1 Ch6 Depression

1. As a result of taking antidepressant drugs, a person is experiencing increased production of new neurons in the hippocampus. This is:
normal, and is one indication of successful treatment.

2. A woman experiences recurrent thoughts of suicide, great sadness, and sleep
disturbance. These symptoms began a week after she gave birth, and have lasted over six months. The woman is experiencing:
postpartum depression.

3. In the United States, the prevalence of unipolar depression in boys is:
the same as it is for girls, but the prevalence for men is lower than it is for women.

4. The dean of academic affairs visits a professor’s class as part of a tenure review. At the conclusion of the lecture, the dean exits hurriedly, without saying a word to the professor. The professor, who is prone to depression, concludes, “The dean hated my class so much he was too embarrassed to speak to me.” This is an example of a(n):
arbitrary inference.

5. Researchers were searching for drugs to treat schizophrenia when they came across imipramine, which alleviated the symptoms of depression, although it was not effective against schizophrenia. It became the first of a class of drugs, all sharing a similar molecular structure, called:
tricyclics.

Ifa therapist asked you to say whatever came to mind and then suggested interpretations designed to help you work through grief over real or imagined losses, your therapist would be using:
psychodynamic therapy.

7. Which of the following is true about the research on the effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy in treating unipolar depression?
It is similar to cognitive therapy in effectiveness.

8. Which theoretical orientation would support the finding that there is a significant relationship between positive life events and feelings oflife satisfaction and happiness?
behavioral

9. Despite trying several kinds of antidepressants, a person with depression repmis no relief of symptoms. This person’s experience is:
somewhat uncommon, around 60 percent of those with depression do show symptom relief with drugs alone.

10. Assume you have a friend who is a talented artist, and has occasional short-term hypomania. What is the BEST thing, in terms of being a creative, productive artist that your friend could do?
Do nothing: sometimes, hypomania increases miistic creativity and productivity.

Which of the following is the BEST example of interpersonal role transition?
going away to college for the first time

12. Which of the following risk percentage patterns would BEST support the influence of genetic factors in explaining bipolar disorder-(lst) in the general population, (2nd) among close relatives of people with bipolar disorder, and (3rd) among identical twins of people with bipolar disorder?
1 percent, 10 percent, 40 percent

13. Which of the following would be an emotional symptom of depression?
A) lack of desire to eat
B) a negative view of oneself
C) experiences of sadness and anger
D) staying in bed for hours during the day

14. A depressed person who is confused, unable to remember things, and unable to solve problems is suffering from______symptoms.
motivational

15. Lithium appears to affect:
absorption of salt.

Studies show that less than 10 percent of individuals who experience major losses become depressed. This finding provides what level of support for a psychodynamic explanation of depression?
almost none-about 10 percent of adults in the United States experience some level of clinical depression each year

17. The impact of publication bias regarding drug treatments for depression MOST likely means that:
we overestimate the potential effectiveness of medications for depression.

18. One who looks at the influence of race, living conditions, marital status, and roles on the development of depression would MOST likely represent which theoretical orientation?
sociocultural

19. People who take MAO inhibitors and want to decrease the risk of negative side effects should make the greatest changes in which aspect of their life?
what they eat

20. Artifact theory differs imp01iantly from other sociocultural theories of depression because it suggests:
women and men are equally likely to develop depression.

A friend is curious about something. “I hear that women are more likely to be diagnosed with depression than men are. Why?” Your BEST answer, based on the research, is:
“There are several theories, but every theory has its strengths and weaknesses.”

22. The “increasing activities and elevating mood” phase of Aaron Beck’s treatment for depression:
makes the therapy cognitive-behavioral rather than purely cognitive.

23. Which of the following is an accurate statement regarding current theories on gender differences in relation to depression?
They all have some supporting evidence, but they all also have some research findings they can’t explain.

24. “I do not!mow why you think you are a terrible surgeon. You have not lost a patient during an operation in two years. No one else in the city has that kind of record.” Which of the following orientations is MOST likely to be that of the therapist who made this statement?
cognitive

25. Which of the following is an example of effective adjunctive therapy for bipolar disorder?
individual or group therapy

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