Pilliavin Essay

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Pilliavin wanted to research into diffusion of responsibility in the real world and whether it actually occurred. In order to do this she carried out a field experiment on the New York subway. (i)The experiment was carried out by teams of 4 students on a 7-8min journey on the subway. The team consisted of a victim, a model and 2 observers. The female observers and the model and victim would both get would enter the train via different doors, the observers would sit somewhere in the adjacent area and the model would be in either critical or adjacent, depending on which was chosen.

The 2 observers recorded all this information, as well as the sex and race of the of everyone in the critical area, the time it took for someone to help and how many others helped after the first person had had started helping. This was repeated by the teams about 6-8 times per day and a total of 103 trials were carried out. (ii)There are both advantages and disadvantages with the experimental method. Advantages –

In a controlled experiment, certain variables can be controlled and manipulated to see what effect it has on the way people behave. In the Pilliavin study the situation was controlled by the use of the victim, who stumbled soon after entering the carriage. This was the arousal used and the behaviour of the people around was recorded. Another control was whether the model was an early or late helper, this was to see the effect, if any, of someone starting to help and whether others would follow and help as well.

Another advantage of an experiment is that it can be replicated. If an experiment is replicated and the same results are obtained, then it is more likely that the results are true and the findings can be used to generalise the behaviour of the general population. This can be done with the Pilliavin study because of the quite strict methodology that was used to carry out the experiment e. g. the exact timing of the model, the length of the train journey and the condition of the victim.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Bystander behaviour refers to the behaviour of somebody who does not feel it is their problem if someone is …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy he population of my sample was a small one (around 15+ to 25 people) and had quite an even …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Everywhere that you will go in the world you will come across people that do not have access to …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy As predicted the children who participated in the experiment chose the toy most relevant to their gender. Previous studies …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy For this investigation we conducted a study on aggression in playground behaviour to support Boultons work on peer aggression …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Altruism can be defined as helping behaviour that is not seeking to benefit oneself either tangibly or intangibly. Batson …

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