It is clear that; smoking has a number of effects on the bodies of smokers and most of them are normally negative effects. Smoking is taken as a way of releasing stress by a number of people especially adults but it happens that its negative effects add to the stress that is expected to reduce. Stress is increased since smokers expose their bodies to various diseases including those related to lungs as well as the heart.
There are other major effects affecting the normal functioning of smokers’ bodies during exercise which decreases it greatly. This is due to availability of inefficient amounts of blood within smokers’ bloodstream since carbon dioxide produced by cigarettes takes up the place of oxygen. Oxygen is a very essential requirement in most activities that require energy production and it becomes impossible to endure exercise when minimal oxygen amounts are made available.
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Bernardi E. (1999): Intermittent claudication with physical training and smoking cessation; Archives of Internal Medicine Journal: New Jersey, Am Med Assoc pp 58-66 Thaulow E. (1999): Long term effects of smoking on physical fitness and lung function; British Medical Journal: California, Elsevier pp 24-36 Wahren J. (1997): Long-term use of smokeless tobacco and physical performance; European journal of clinical investigation: London, WK Health pp 13-17