sneezing, coughing, sore throat, runny nose, congestion
sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, itchy/watery eyes
Causes decreased symptoms of rhinitis (runny nose/sneezing)
Second Generation = peripheral acting, less sedating but longer duration; Allegra, Claritin, Zyrtec
Sudafed (oral), Afrin (topical)
Topical = very quick onset but shorter duration; very potent; could cause REBOUND CONGESTION!
palpitations – due to stimulation of adrenergic receptors
What triggers a cough?
Cough reflex – irritation of sensory receptors in respiratory tract that are picked up by Cough Center in Medulla
Nonproductive cough – dry, no sputum
Report fever/cough that lasts longer than a week
Albuterol inhaler – short acting
Beta2-Agonists are used during an asthma attack, while Anticholinergics are used to help prevent asthma attacks but not used during them
Nonopioid = suppresses nonproductive cough by numbing stretch receptors that prevent the cough reflex.
Codeine = Robitussin AC
Dextromethorphan = Robitussin DM