Inspecting plants where foods, drugs, medical devices.
Reviewing new drug – Investigating and removing.
a. Oral (PO) b. Nasogastric tube (NG) c. Rectal (R)
2. Parenteral routes, which include any other than the gastrointestinal tract.
a. Sublingual (SL) (under the tongue)or buccal (cheek:absorbed through mucosa, not swallowed) (noted: some classify SL and buccal as oral routes)
b. Injection routes
i. Intravenous (IV) ii. Intramuscular (IM) iii. Subcutaneous (subcu) iv. Intradermal (ID) v. Intracardiac,Intraspinal,Intarventricular, Intracapsular
c. Topical (T)
i. Dermal (D) ii. Mucosal iii.Transdermal(skin patches that allow the drug to be slowly absorbed systenically.)
-creams & ointments are not the same (dose used differs for each
(if skin is wet-use cream. If skin is dry-use ointment).
2. Patient’s name
3. Medication name
4. Dosage or amount of medication
5. Route or manner of administration (if not route is specified, the oral route is usually the appropriate one). When in doubt, always check with the physician.
6. Time to be administered, or frequency
Ancient system of weight and volume measurements used to measure drug and solution.
sol 2 gtt – means (Solution 2 drop)
tab bid pc c – means (tablet, twice a day, after meals, with)
supp R prn – means ( suppository, rectal, whenever necessary
Dc – means (Discontinue)
noc – means ( night)
ac – means (before meals)
1 measuring cup (240ml)